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Article reviewed: "The role of the physical and traffic environment in child pedestrian injuries." Pediatrics, Vol. 98, No. 6. December, 1996.

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Introduction

Critical Review Student Name: Julia PU Student No.: 30646723 Tutor's name: Dr Alan Jones Article reviewed: "The role of the physical and traffic environment in child pedestrian injuries." Pediatrics, Vol. 98, No. 6. December, 1996. Date of submission: Friday October 13th, 2000. Agran, Phyllis F.; Diane G. Winn; Craig L. Anderson; Cecile Tran; Celeste P. Del Valle. "The role of the physical and traffic environment in child pedestrian injuries." Pediatrics, Vol. 98, No. 6. December, 1996. Pedestrian injuries have always be a dominant threaten to parents as it would result in severe injury or death among younger children. Increasing, it has became not only a issue that concerns our community, but a important topic that gains large number of attention from the whole society. Scientist, phycologist and educators have put a great deal of effort on academic research in order to investigate the major causes of pedestrian injuries, and so that different approaches can be used to prevent childhood pedestrian injuries. ...read more.

Middle

But still technical term such as "conditional logistic regression" is left unexplained while it could be the actual title that refers to the overall method. Furthermore, there are several other technical terms, "odds ratio" [OR] and "confidence interval" [CI] which are frequently referred yet explained. The lack of sufficient explanation accompany certain technical terms cause confusion in readers, especially for whom are not familiar with certain professional field. In spite of the fact that these terms may be obviously self-explained by associating with the context of the overall article, this assumption which rely heavily on reader's familiarity with the topic should concern the authors as it decreases the clarity of conveying information. Under results section, Table 1 provides the key information in which comparison of correlation coefficients between neighbourhood environmental measurements and measurements at the scene of the injury, by distance form home, for those cases occurring on the street, are presented. Table 2 presents percentage in each age category which divided participants into three groups, 0-9 years old, 10-14 years old and above 14 years old. ...read more.

Conclusion

The lack of play area increases the likelihood of children exposure to pedestrians injuries as streets or driveways in front of residence are preferred as a substitution of "play area". Therefore, this situation directly influences the obversion of number of pedestrians present. Overall, this article provides a considerable amount of valued information on the environmental factors which may cause children pedestrians injuries. Furthermore, there are a number of suggestions on how to prevent childhood pedestrians injuries. One of the key to prevention is requirement of recognition of "high risk areas" which can be defined in accordance with the findings generated from this case-control study. Despite the lack of explanation on technical terms; absence of important supportive information (tables) and the limits that confined this study, this article not only provides a fundamental recognition for further research on this topic, but also is written in a careful and objective manner. ?? ?? ?? ?? Student Number: 30646723 Student Name: Julia PU Unit: EAP 101 1 Tutor: Dr Alan Jones Class: Thursday 2-4pm ...read more.

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