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With respect to the UK, consider the range of options required to manage and reduce the causes of the enhanced greenhouse effect.

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Introduction

"With respect to the UK, consider the range of options required to manage and reduce the causes of the enhanced greenhouse effect" It is a common misconception that the greenhouse effect is caused solely by industry and causes serious problems. The greenhouse effect is a natural occurring phenomenon. If it were not present then the overall temperature of the earth's surface could be as much as 30�c cooler than at present. However, Scientists and continuous research has suggested that increased emissions from industry have contributed to unnatural changes in sea levels and global temperatures. The effects of global warming and the greenhouse effect have had many impacts on the world as a whole. Many problems have been encountered, including the effects of greenhouse gases on the natural environment. The impact of business on the environment has been especially noticeable, particularly since the start of the industrial revolution. For example, since the late nineteenth century the surface of the earth has undergone a temperature increase of between 0.3 and 0.6�c. some areas such as North Mississippi have also experienced periods of cooling. There has also been evidence of some rise in sea levels since the beginning of the industrial revolution. This may be as much as 10 to 25 centimetres. Evidence has also been gathered from a number of sources including ice cores and corals, which suggests that the overall global temperature is at a high or higher than any time during the past 600 to 700 years. ...read more.

Middle

is the gas which contributes most to the greenhouse affect (see the following graph) and is produced when coal, oil, and natural gas (fossil fuels) are burned to produce energy used for transportation, manufacturing, heating, cooling, electricity generation, and other applications. Use of fossil fuel currently accounts for 80 to 85% of the carbon dioxide being added to the atmosphere. Methane (natural gas) is the second most important of the greenhouse gases resulting from human activities. It is produced by rice cultivation, cattle and sheep ranching, and by decaying material in landfills. Methane is also emitted during coal mining and oil drilling, and by leaky gas pipelines. Human activities have increased the concentration of methane in the atmosphere by about 145% above what would be present naturally. To achieve its required cuts the government has said that both onshore and offshore wind generation schemes would be required to replace fossil fuel power stations. The year 2002 has been predicted as the year that renewable energy will be recognised to its full potential. The UK has a commitment of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 12.5% by 2008-2012, and with recent technological developments, the potential exists for locating wind farms economically at offshore locations. Eight offshore projects are currently operational across the world. Early projects have been relatively small scale and located in shallow or sheltered waters. ...read more.

Conclusion

"Think global, act local" was a slogan used in a government campaign to encourage everyone to do their bit to look after their local environment and try to reduce their electrical and car usage. This was taken up not only by individuals but also by business and local authority's some of whom started car sharing schemes, set up recycling facilities and signed up to green electricity. Climate change may already be effecting the UK, in 2000 John Prescott said that "the country's recent floods were a warning of further climate change." He called for immediate action and was confident that "When people see and experience these ferocious storms, long summer droughts, torrential rains - more extreme and more frequent - they will know something is wrong and that climate change now affects them." Two weeks earlier, much of my country was under water. In the ancient and Roman city of York, hundreds of people worked through many nights to save it from the worst floods and storms since 1625. York had extensive new flood protection, tested to the limit where river levels rose over six metres. But it was only the thousands and thousands of sandbags that had to be laid by the army which saved the city. This is just an example of the reactive measures and plans that the UK must come up with to prepare for freak weather occurrences which may become more and more common if the enhanced greenhouse affect continues to be contributed too. ...read more.

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