• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Zambia's rejection OF GENETICALLY engineered food: the Advantages and disadvantages

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Warren Cronje. 14130238 ZAMBIA'S REJECTION OF GENETICALLY ENGINEERED FOOD: THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES CONTENT PAGE Introduction; 3 Advantages; 4 Disadvantages; 7 Conclusion; 10 Bibliography; 11 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction: There is famine spread across Zambia; 3-million people, almost a third of the population, need Food aid. Zambia rejected genetically modified maize from the United States [the biggest donor to the United Nations World Food Program (WFP)], calling it 'poison', even though the estimated maize deficit in Zambia is 575000 metric tons, out of an annual consumption of about 10 million tons. After continued pressure from the media, public and others. Levy Mwanawasa, and his government, sent a group of Zambian scientists to Europe, The United States and South Africa to research genetically modified food (GMF). Based on the scientist's findings, the cabinet decided to ban all GMF. The Zambian Agricultural Minister Mundia Skatana declared "in view of current scientific uncertainty surrounding the issue the country should refrain from actions that might adversely affect human and animal health as well as harm the environment." Many Zambians are not concerned about the 'unsafe' maize and have looted the genetically modified maize warehouse on numerous occasions. ...read more.

Middle

Environmental Risks: (HGT) and the transfer of 'selective markers' are an environmental risk because it could produce a new strain of pesticide resistant bugs and diseases. This would be harmful to not only genetically modified crops but also all crops; the new diseases could wipe out existing crops and have an impact on the world food deficit, increasing famine. There is also the concern that the pesticide resistant gene will spread to weeds, which will invade agricultural land. Scientist also have fears about the safety of livestock and wild life feeding on genetically modified plants. According to the Advisory Committee on Novel Foods and Processes (ACNFP), the gene can transferred from non-processed maize to bacteria that naturally live in the gut of farm animals. The concern is that this might allow gut bacteria to become resistant to antibiotic ampicillin, and that could lead to increased antibiotic resistance. Other risks include changes in herbicide patterns and squandering valuable pest susceptibility genes can damage our environment. Social, Cultural and Economic Problems: Many people are afraid that genetically modified food techniques create monopolistic practices. Cultural values will be threatened; many cultures believe that species are separate entities and that mixing these is unacceptable. ...read more.

Conclusion

They reduce the pressure to turn wilderness into farmland and provide hope that we can keep up with the nutritional demands of a hungry and growing world." Mwanawasa and his government's integrity is being questioned because of his decisions even though floods and droughts have left millions of people in desperate need for food aid, but so has politic malfeasance. According to a recent report by Transparency International, Zambia is the second most corrupt country in Africa. Conclusion: After researching this project, I have to disagree with the Zambian cabinets decision to reject genetically modified food, some might say my view is shortsighted because of the possible future dangers, but I think they should let the starving masses decide if they are willing to take the risk of possibly endangering there health. The Zambian government does not have to plant genetically modified crops, thereby reducing the environmental danger. All the risks are 'unlikely,' 'negligible' and 'theoretical' therefore there cannot be any major risks. The fact that scientists and scientific groups of the highest caliber offer there full support to genetically modified food research also makes Zambia decision even more alarming. To let 3-million people starve to death, because of 'negligible' risks does sound rather suspicious, and leads one to suspect ulterior motives. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Environmental & Physical Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Environmental & Physical Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    "Environmental degradation is neither the inevitable price of, nor a desirable path for, economic ...

    5 star(s)

    As a result it has attracted much attention within the literature over the past 15 years. Participants in this debate have both supported and heavily criticized the results put forward and as a result this issue is under much dispute.

  2. In this essay I am going to evaluate a range of sources that cover ...

    However, lack of expertise, authorship and credential is found in (The Reef Tank, 2009), an article in a blog. Printed material (newspapers and scientific magazines) are heavily invested pieces of work and for this reason the information they present is likely to be credible.

  1. Global Warming. Due to too much information, there are many conflicting views on whether ...

    Whereas, Lovelock (2006) explains that, the earth continually warms and cools. The cycle is undenaiable, ancient, often abrupt, and global. It is also unstoppable. This can be explained by taking a closer look at history and the ancient civilization, such as the Indus Valley, Diamond highlights; The ultimate cause for

  2. Critically evaluate the role and effectiveness of Environmental Impact Assessment in ensuring environmentally sound ...

    show that EIA indeed has some effect on project design which would otherwise not have occurred. In support these findings, the EC (1996) found out that a majority of cases reviewed, EIA contributed to higher standards of mitigation than would otherwise have occurred to spare environmentally sensitive areas.

  1. This Community Research Project is aimed at examining Barangay Nazareths waste management system in ...

    It was ordered that they shouldn?t place their garbage outside their homes before the arrival of the garbage truck because animals may scatter it around. There is also a need to segregate biodegradable from non-biodegradable wastes to make the collectors? tasks easier.

  2. Disposal of Toxic and Radioactive Materials with Special Focus on the Philippines

    Greatly radioactive fission products as well as transuranic components are created from uranium and plutonium in the course of reactor operations and therefore are contained inside the used fuel. Where countries have put into practice a sealed cycle and implemented reprocessing to reuse material from used fuel, the fission products

  1. Analysis of the documentary "The Great Global Warming Swindle".

    While they tend to support CO2 neutral energy sources, no one is forcing these on the developing world as most are aware that the emissions of developing nations are comparatively small to ours. This is acknowledged by policy makers as well, who chose to ratify the Kyoto protocol which imposed no limits to the emissions of underdeveloped nations.

  2. Climate modelling of Precipitation in Brazil

    The two models generate similar data for most part of Amazon, central-western area of Brazil but give a discrepancy in northeast region, Atlantic coast, and southern part of Brazil. It is concluded that the most part of Amazon and central-western region of Brazil will not have a significant precipitation change by 2100.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work