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An Introduction to Social Work.

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SOCIAL WORK: AN INTRODUCTION ARUN PAUL SOCIAL WORK: AN INTRODUCTION MISSION OF SOCIAL WORK Social Work is a humanitarian profession. It emerged to a status of important profession for the mankind in twentieth century. Simply we can define social worker as a professional who is dedicated to help others to help themselves. A general definition of Social Work coined by National Association of Social Work is that, Social Work is the professional Activity of helping individuals, groups, or communities enhance or restore their capacity for social functioning and creating societal conditions favorable to that goal. According to the National Association of Social Workers (NASW), "the primary mission of the social work profession is to enhance human well-being and help meet the basic human needs of all-people with particular attention to the needs and empowerment of people who are vulnerable, oppressed and living in poverty" (NASW, 1999, p.1). The International Federation of Social Work defines the purpose of Social Work as including the promotion of social change and the empowerment and liberation of people to enhance well-being (IFSW, 2000, p.1) The core elements of Social Work can be divided into two, Purpose of the profession and competency. Competency of the profession includes, characteristics, ethics etc. PURPOSE OF SOCIAL WORK Social work is basically a helping profession. ...read more.


These values are transformed into accepted practice principles for the purpose of informing our intervention with clients. What follows is a listing of nine Social Work Principles and brief description of each. Acceptance - Acceptance is a fundamental social work principle that implies a sincere understanding of clients. Acceptance is conveyed in the professional relationship through the expression of genuine concern, receptive listening, intentional responses that acknowledge the other person's point of view, and the creation of a climate of mutual respect. Affirming Individuality - To affirm a client's individuality is to recognize and appreciate the unique qualities of that client. It means to "begin where the client is." Clients expect personalized understanding and undivided attention from professionals. Individualization requires freedom from bias and prejudice, an avoidance of labeling and stereotyping, a recognition and appreciation of diversity, and knowledge of human behavior. Non-judgmentalism - Communicating non-judgmentalism is essential to developing a relationship with any client. It does not imply that social workers do not make decisions; rather it implies a non blaming attitude and behavior. Social workers judge others as neither good or bad nor as worthy or unworthy. Communication - Communication is the best tool available to social worker for helping his client. So the social worker must confirm that he is creating an environment which is suitable for client to open up and feel comfortable. ...read more.


PRACTICE APPROACHES Traditional Practice Methods Multi-method Approach Generalist Practice Approach Specialist Practice Approach SKILLS BASE OF SOCIAL WORK What is a Skill? Skill may be defined as the ability to use knowledge effectively and readily in execution or performance." Skill for Social Worker Social workers require skill base to help a client or clients to improve their social functioning. In social work Basic Skills in Social Work Basic Helping skills Engagement Skills Observation Skills Communication Skills Empathy Skills Resistance Intervention Skills Assessment Skills Documentation Skills SUMMARY Social Workers always work for creating an order and enhance opportunities for people in an increasingly complex world. Standing firm on humanitarian philosophy, Social work studies the social problems, its origin, interrelation etc. and provides a scientific solution to such problems and thereby spread happiness all over the globe. In short we may say the main of Social Work is to 'help people to help themselves'. REFERENCE 1. DuBois, B. & Miley, K.K. Social Work: An Empowering Profession, Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1992, pp. 135-141. 2. Morales, Armando. Social Work: a profession of many faces: Allyn and Bacon- 6th ed. 1992. 3. Miley, Karla Krogsrud, Michael O'Melia and Brenda L. DuBois. Generalist Social Work Practice: An Empowering Approach. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1995. 4. Bhattacharya, Sanjay. Social Work: An Integrated Approach. New Delhi: DEEP & DEEP PUBLICATIONS PVT. LTD., 2008. ...read more.

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This essay attempts to give an overview of the history of Social Work. It is unclear whether it refers to SW in the UK, USA or both. A large amount of the work was hard to understand at times given that it was written in note form and contained frequent grammar/spelling errors - careful proof-reading is required. An introduction outlining what the essay would cover would have been beneficial to the reader. Parts of the work appeared to have been copied from the internet therefore the author

Marked by teacher Diane Apeah-Kubi 05/04/2013

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