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University Degree: Anthropology

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  1. How successful have the anti-caste movements been in terms of the relevance of caste in India today?

    Perhaps, even though they are fighting against the oppression of the caste system, they are creating a climate in which people will continue to identify within their own caste, and thus perpetuating the social stratification. As earlier mentioned, Eriksen (2001:136) talks of the impact urbanization and education (leading therefore to professions) has had on the caste system. It is important to look the impact of urbanization, as this has become a challenge to the caste system, promoting meritocracy, and perhaps giving people the chance to achieve beyond their birth.

    • Word count: 2137
  2. Urban Athens: a cultural examination of the differing treatment towards stray dogs and immigrants

    When I first found out about this I was shocked to say the least. Everyone is aware of Greece's current economic situation and when I was told by a friend that the dogs are in fact taken care of by the City, the first question I asked was how is this seen as one of the top priorities of a state riddled with debt that it cannot manage, a state that has run out of money to pay teachers and municipal workers and yet finds the funds to care for thousands of dogs.

    • Word count: 2235
  3. Free essay

    I found it sometimes quite unreasonable to put people into different racial categories since there is not an absolute standard to differentiate people. Especially by reading Part Asian 100% Hapa by Kip Fulbeck, a Fine Arts professor at the University of C

    Especially by reading Part Asian 100% Hapa by Kip Fulbeck, a Fine Arts professor at the University of California-Santa Barbara, [we can see that race cannot be defined by genetics or appearance, rather it is more related to one's culture and self-definition.] try to play with this thesis' wording. But excellent idea. The portraits collection Part Asian 100% Hapa generally can be divided into even and odd pages. Every even page consists of a photograph of a Hapas, a person of mixed racial heritage with roots in Asian or Pacific Islander ancestry.

    • Word count: 1296
  4. Food Culture-Sichuan Hotpot. Sichuan Hotpot is a participatory dining. Once the broth starts boiling, it is really a free-for-all.

    Chengdu is also called a city that "Once you come, you will never want to leave." This is the city that is known for its slow pace, leisurely spirit and comfortable lifestyle. Chengdu people are notorious for their calm and relaxed demeanor, never happier than when they are gathering playing mahjong in a teahouse or having delicious food with family and friends. This is where a cup of tea can last a whole afternoon and a Sichuan Hotpot can last from dusk to midnight.

    • Word count: 1538
  5. Durkheim on religion. In his text Elementary Forms of Religious Life Durkheim begins his introduction to the theory of religion by explaining what it is no

    He suggests that religion is there not to explain the strange and unusual ways of life, instead it is there to explain the occurrence of basic phenomena's such as rainbows[DP9]. He goes on to state that religion is a system of beliefs and rituals that are present in society to maintain some level of social structure1[DP10]. Durkheim than goes on to explain what importance religion holds to the existence of society [DP11]and in order for us to understand this existence, we have to exclude it from two different possibilities; animism and naturism.

    • Word count: 2681
  6. The purpose of this report is to organise the temporary exhibition of a collection of Sixties artefacts and memorabilia, loaned to the museum by Mr Peter Van, a private collector, for the duration of a week. This report will outline the logistics involved

    For more information on the loans in form see appendix. 3.0 The collection Mr Peter Van has agreed to lend the museum his collection of Sixties motoring memorabilia and artefacts which consist of approximately two-hundred objects including: * Clothing including: Mechanics overalls, race suits, fibreglass crash helmets, leather jackets, leather gloves, motorcycle boots, an original M1948 US military parka and various cotton promotional Tshirts. * 4 life sized Mannequins. * A large collection of Haynes vehicle service manuals. * Assorted vinyl records, including hits from The Who, The Kinks, Status Quo, Cream, Jimi Hendrix, and Aretha Franklin * An assortment

    • Word count: 2763
  7. Why was the concept of race so important to anthropology in the late 19th Century and why did that change ?

    Race as a concept was first used to justify bad treatments of colonised people in the American colonies. In her essay published in the academic review American Anthropolical, Smedley argues that "Europeans justified their attitude toward human differences by focusing on the physical features of the New World populations, magnifying and exaggerating their differences, and concluding that the Africans and Indians and their descendants were lesser forms of human beings, and that their inferiority was natural and/or God-given" (1998, p.694).

    • Word count: 1924
  8. Extended Essay on Mimicry in Humans

    For instance, people often tend to copy non-verbal behaviours like gestures and expressions. Similarly, people wince at the sight of injury, thereby imitating the behaviour of the injured person. These actions are automatic, unconscious and more often than not both parties are unaware of this behaviour. Mimicry is widely prevalent in conversations where the reflexive copying of one person by another results in the unconscious back and forth trading of smiles, interjections and head nodding (Pentland, 2010). Mimicry is different from the conscious act of imitation in several ways. According to Bandura's (1977)

    • Word count: 4901
  9. This Research paper will present an overview of traditional Chinese marriage system and customs from the Engagement to the Wedding Day, also including various forms of marriages in ancient times.

    The latter's children will form yet another circle of husbands and wives and so on. The only taboo in this marriage form is the asexual relationship between two generations, for example between a mother and her son or a grandfather and a daughter. In its typical form, a family would consist of the children of a single pair, the descendants of these children in each generation being again brothers and sisters and therefore husbands and wives of one another. In China a famous consanguine marriage is a Chinese creation myth, it says that at the beginning of the universe there were a brother, Fuxi, and a sister, N�wa, who lived in the Kunlun Mountains and who were the only survivors of a massive flood.

    • Word count: 6599
  10. Are menstrual taboos simply a form of womens subordination?

    Menstrual taboos are a cross-cultural phenomenon; Buckley and Gottlieb state: "Menstrual taboos have been seen by turn as evidence of primitive irrationality and of the supposed universal dominance of men over women in society. (Buckley and Gottlieb 1988: 3)". For many cultures this requires the woman to be isolated and made aware of her inferior status. It is difficult however, to study different cultures on a case-by-case basis, as menstrual taboos are quite complex even though they appear to reoccur worldwide.

    • Word count: 1899
  11. No- Violencia Racionalizacin

    estatal , que es una idea fundada en cimientos de la contra-argumentaci�n Benjamineana5 ( la cesi�n o no violencia en el n�cleo de las relaciones personales. Terminaci�n de la violencia en nombre de la conformaci�n del estado que conforma una "violencia legal"). Reformulada en los 90's por Gary Becker en una recuperaci�n de la teor�a de Beccaria (Crimin�logo del siglo XVIII) que se compone de 3 elementos: A) el castigo es es racional para la sociedad no s�lo porque "saca al criminal de de circulaci�n" (el motivo de incapacitaci�n)

    • Word count: 1336
  12. The Relevance of Antropology

    To support, McCabe (2005, p. 86) suggests that the term 'tourist' is used as a concept to convey meanings about social life and activities within the context of wider social dialogues. However, Wall & Mathieson (2006, p. 17) argue that the range of the 'tourist' is complicated and has been expanded with the rise of tourism research. The ambiguity surrounding the concept provides a diverse result in human behaviour associated with leisure travel, consequently a typology of tourists can be derived, McCabe (2005, p.

    • Word count: 3581
  13. Article Review. This essay is reviewing a text The original affluent society in Sahlins Stone age economics. It is a book by Marshall Sahlins, published in 1974, in the field of economic anthropology and still continues to rivet attention 37 years a

    Their low standard of living, and respectively few material desires, implies that the basic necessities of hunter-gatherer societies are frequently met. Sahlins compares the hunter-gatherer concept of affluence with the industrialist concept of wealth and concludes that "modern capitalist societies, however richly endowed, dedicate themselves to the proposition of scarcity" (p.3). People in developed nations work long hours and accumulate large amounts of material goods for the fear of future insufficiency (p.35). Hunter-gatherers, on the other hand, eat when they have food and move on to more abundant surroundings when food supplies grow insufficient.

    • Word count: 2258
  14. Free essay

    Dark Tourism: manipulating tourists interpretation

    Furthermore, according to Dann (1998), dark tourism destinations can also be classified in five different categories described below: Perilous Places: Dangerous destinations from the past and present such as towns of horror, dangerous destinations. E.g.: Chernobyl or Hiroshima Houses of horror: Buildings associated with death and horror, either actual or represented such as dungeons of death or heinous hotels. E.g.: The London dungeon or the house of terror in Budapest. Fields of fatality: Areas/land commemorating death, fear, fame or infamy such as b****y battlegrounds, the h**l of the holocaust, or cemeteries for celebrities.

    • Word count: 3130
  15. Anthropology and Tourism Industry

    Elite tourists: individuals who have been 'almost everywhere' but with pre-arranged service facilities and adapting fully but temporally to local norms. Off-beat tourists: tourists who want to look for stay away the touristic areas and want to do something beyond the norm. Unusual tourists: individuals interested in the 'primitive' culture but with safety facilities travelling by organized tours and adapted somewhat to local norms. Incipient mass tourists: steady flow of people seeking Western amenities and comfort Mass tourists: individuals with middle-class income and values who expect Western amenities and trained multi-lingual hotels and tourists staffs in order to fulfill their needs.

    • Word count: 3292
  16. The 10 commandments

    If it is the former, then the first four commandments go against other religions that believe in other Gods. However, these religions do mostly follow the last six commandments, as these are the ones that are common sense to abide by: common rules and guidelines that all people should follow. These commandments are therefore mostly relevant. However, the first four commandments are more debatable. Nowadays, the third commandment is broken very often due to the way the language as evolved - when people say 'OMG' they aren't meaning to say god's name in vain, but just use slang to express their disbelief.

    • Word count: 488
  17. Emerging Issues. In as much as the mobility of the world's peoples has become a common occurrence, cultures are being put together with other cultures that are very much different. The areas of life that were once governed by the agents of socialization t

    As an example, a high intolerance exists for Middle Eastern immigrants into America, stemming from the occurrence of 9-11. In the instance of the terrorist attacks, even cultures from outside America that had become part of America united: Hispanic, Russian, Chinese, and most all that were not of Middle Eastern descent. Even Christian Arabs whose family members and last names sound 'Muslim and Middle Eastern' were not spared of suspicion. At work, some of them endured discriminative and r****t remarks and actions.

    • Word count: 962
  18. Day-to-day, there are a number of issues that could impact a person's development, cause distress, and guide behaviors. An attempt is made looking at how health care, immigration, and prejudice issues have an impact on an individual's social and political

    As we grow, we go through developmental stages in life; how fast and productive is dependent on cognitive ability. Both Freud and Piaget have humans going through stages of development (Carducci, 2002). Damage to a person's cognition either through growth, could have an impact on the success of each developmental stage. Cognitive development is the construction of thought processes, including remembering, problem solving, and decision-making, from childhood through adolescence to adulthood. A social component is any condition outside the person that affects of is affected by the development. Development takes place through increasingly complex processes in which an active organism interacts with persons, objects, and symbols in its immediate environment (Bronfenbrenner, 1998).

    • Word count: 1999
  19. Guns Germs and Steel

    In some case as Diamond explains the difference between growth and the large gap between civilizations development occurred only hundreds of miles away from one another and not just from a continent apart. He uses the Polynesian culture as one of his primary examples of explaining these principles. Diamond takes two groups of Polynesian cultures, the Moriori and Maori people. These two cultures according to Diamond were ethnically essentially the same people, however, because one happened to early on in history take a ship to what would end up being the Chatham Islands ended up settling there.

    • Word count: 1166
  20. How are displacement, loss and exile reconciled across the generations?

    argues that through such commemorative ceremonies 'a community is reminded of its identity'. Without Remembrance Day, it would be easy for future generations to forget the sacrifices made by those in the army and civilians at the time of the First World War and how it has had an effect on their lives. The respect shown to members in the armed forces and civilians who were lost during the war is seen as a way to reconcile the past, to make sure the people who lost their lives are repaid being remembered by generations after them.

    • Word count: 2032
  21. Free essay

    Discuss some of the key ways that anthropologists have proposed people think through animals and food. In India animals and food are particularly linked to hygiene and purity rules including different castes (Douglas, 1966). In this essay I intend to disc

    This belief that food and happiness can become a single object explains why there is such a wide definition of the word 'k?t' - food, happiness, nourishment and prosperity being a few of these. Another metaphorical representation of thinking in Kyrgyz culture is the way sheep meat is distributed between Kyrgyz people, which is related to both their gender and status, which is in turn linked to their seating position within the tent (Bunn, 2008: 13-15). It seems that, for Kyrgyz people, sharing meat is very much about showing how they think about themselves in relation to others.

    • Word count: 1921
  22. Women victim of globalization

    The international economic policies are not gender-neutral in their effect. Women in particular are vulnerable in this globalised world and are the ones who suffer the most poverty.2 According to the United Nations in 1997, of the worlds 1.3 billion poor people, almost 70 percent are women. In many countries, women work twice the unpaid time men do.3 They are overrepresented in sweated labour undertaken for transnational chains and are more likely to accept poor wages and conditions, perhaps to some extent because of their responsibility for their children.

    • Word count: 698
  23. Economic activities were an important component of life in prehistoric Greece. Discuss how Minoan Palaces supported such activities.

    The Minoans were residents of the Greek island of Crete and the civilization ruled from approximately 2700BC until its destruction by the Mycenaeans in 1450BC, but the palaces which formed their burgeoning economy only began being built at around 2000BC (Murray, Runnels, 2001: 79), known as the start of the old palace period. These palaces shaped a large part of the Minoan rule, probably governing five separate territories within Crete, allowing the economy to flourish under their leadership by supporting trade in several ways.

    • Word count: 2504
  24. Forensic Analysis

    Morton had no relationship with Mr. O'Hara. After hearing what each attorney had to say and reviewing the crime scene and skeletal material, I have made my decision of which man this unidentified body belongs to and whether or not Mr. O'Hara was responsible for causing his death. Upon developing my conclusion, I began my critical thinking while focusing on the crime scene. Many key items were discovered in the woods that the police taped off. Of the most importance were the skeletal remains -both human bones and deer bones were found.

    • Word count: 1870
  25. Anthropology Interview

    Katie McCormick Anthropology 104 Interview Assignment May 7, 2009 Viewing the World Outside of My Own Culture I interviewed Rasheed, a Muslim graduate student at Marquette University, early in April at the library. Rasheed is a South Pakistan Muslim who came to the United States and to Marquette University in August 2007 to earn a graduate degree. His parents came from India, and presently live in Pakistan, as does his younger, brother. He visited his two older sisters, who live in the United States, before he made the decision to come to school in the U.S.

    • Word count: 1529

"It may be in the cultural particularities of people - in their oddities - that some of the most instructive revelations of what it is to be generically human are to be found."

?Clifford Geertz

If you love challenging your assumptions and learning about different cultures, then maybe you'd enjoy studying anthropology at the university level. Anthropology is a broad discipline dealing with every aspect of humanlife, culture, and society, with particular emphasis placed on cultural relativism. It can be studied on its own, or joint with a related subject like ancient history or geography.

Advanced writing skills will be invaluable during any anthropology degree. To get up to speed, study Marked by Teachers' collection of student-submitted anthropology and social studies essays. The essays might spark an idea for a topic, and the teacher annotations will show you how to edit papers to perfection.

Anthropology students can remain in the field; take higher degrees in a related subject like sociology; or pursue careers in a wide variety of fields,including marketing, HR, media and consulting.


Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • How useful is the term "counter-culture" to describe developments in Western Society during the 1960s? Discuss with reference to any three of the five disciplines represented in Block 6.

    "To sum up there was no single counter culture but several movements which posed challenges to "mainstream society" I agree to a degree with Ray Davis of the pop group the Kinks who said "that the so-called "Freedom of the Sixties was a myth, that the so-called "counter-culture" never really infiltrated society and that the establishment continued to rule" (Block 6, pg 175) I agree that the establishment did continue to rule and that the sixties did not witness a political or economic revolution but it had great impact on personal and social life . In his autobiography Jim Haynes', 'Thanks for Coming!' shows the deflation felt by many at the end of the sixties. He says 'the end of the sixties came as an incredible collapse [...[we weren't going to change the world. We could only maybe change ourselves a bit. And I think that this resulted in a depression.' (Resource Book 4, page 24) I think this shows that many involved in the "counter-culture movements felt they were trying to change the world and its thanks to their "disanchantment with mainstream culture that has allowed future generations new freedoms in morality; tolerance, equality and acceptance. (Word 1810)"

  • Discuss some of the recurrent themes in western representations of the non-European 'other'.

    "What is clear from discussing these different representations of the 'other' we have is that while they may focus on very different locations, and completely different sets of misinterpretations, they all share some very common grounds - both in the way these representations are formed, and more importantly the way these representations are criticized and rejected. Therefore in conclusion, while there will always be different names given to the ways we may represent certain areas around the world, it is likely that there will always be one combined perceived 'other' that an ignorant westerner may apply very similar frameworks to, no matter how different they may actually be."

  • Assess the evidence for and against the 'media imperialism theory'

    "Conclusion Through these points I hopefully have given a small indication of what the arguments for and against the media imperialism debate are all about. Generally the criticism is levelled at the most dominant world force, America. It is true that during the whole of the 90's the Americans have sought to eliminate the international trade barriers that exist worldwide in order to capitalise on the possible financial rewards available. There may in the future be massive benefits from the weaker nations use of western orientated material, but that is far from clear. It is extremely debateable whether access to western media content is detrimental, as essentially everyone has a choice in the way that they act and the attitudes and beliefs that they chose to adopt. So in effect there will only be a negative effect on the culture of third world, developing or weaker nation if the people who are part of that culture let it slip away (Hutchinson: 1999: 200)."

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