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University Degree: Anthropology

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  1. The 10 commandments

    If it is the former, then the first four commandments go against other religions that believe in other Gods. However, these religions do mostly follow the last six commandments, as these are the ones that are common sense to abide by: common rules and guidelines that all people should follow. These commandments are therefore mostly relevant. However, the first four commandments are more debatable. Nowadays, the third commandment is broken very often due to the way the language as evolved - when people say 'OMG' they aren't meaning to say god's name in vain, but just use slang to express their disbelief.

    • Word count: 488
  2. Emerging Issues. In as much as the mobility of the world's peoples has become a common occurrence, cultures are being put together with other cultures that are very much different. The areas of life that were once governed by the agents of socialization t

    As an example, a high intolerance exists for Middle Eastern immigrants into America, stemming from the occurrence of 9-11. In the instance of the terrorist attacks, even cultures from outside America that had become part of America united: Hispanic, Russian, Chinese, and most all that were not of Middle Eastern descent. Even Christian Arabs whose family members and last names sound 'Muslim and Middle Eastern' were not spared of suspicion. At work, some of them endured discriminative and r****t remarks and actions.

    • Word count: 962
  3. Women victim of globalization

    The international economic policies are not gender-neutral in their effect. Women in particular are vulnerable in this globalised world and are the ones who suffer the most poverty.2 According to the United Nations in 1997, of the worlds 1.3 billion poor people, almost 70 percent are women. In many countries, women work twice the unpaid time men do.3 They are overrepresented in sweated labour undertaken for transnational chains and are more likely to accept poor wages and conditions, perhaps to some extent because of their responsibility for their children.

    • Word count: 698
  4. Travel There is a Chinese proverb said, "Traveling thousands of miles is better than reading thousands of books."

    These experiences you will never find from the books. You saw a lot of pictures of different races from books with description, however you will never know the actually who they are. By traveling in those local places, you can learn more about the local races, their language and make friend with them.

    • Word count: 478
  5. The Culture of 'Things Fall Apart' vs. Western Culture

    Okonkwo has three wives and eight children. Polygamy is not something many people are accustomed to. Western culture teaches that monogamy, as opposed to polygamy, is the proper, accepted form of marriage. In Western culture, having more than one partner in a marriage is often cause for divorce; however, in Umoufia it is practiced and even encouraged by most of its people. Another common belief in Umoufia is Polytheism, the worship or belief in many gods. Included in their practice of polytheism is their chi, or personal god. "A man could not rise beyond the destiny of his chi".

    • Word count: 895
  6. social anthropology What are the linguistic origins of anthropology?

    They are two parts of participant observation; covert and overt. Covert is when you are under cover and nobody but you is aware of the research; while overt is when you are observing and some one around you is aware of the study that you are carrying out. However another type of participant observation is half covert and overt. This means that you can carry out a research that some people know about it and some people do not. E.g. doing a study in a primary school and only the principle knows about it.

    • Word count: 607
  7. is british identity in decline?

    Music films and television programmes are now being produced for an international market rather than a British one. There are a lot of concerns on those products which will become more globalise. Britain is part of the E.U and therefore are a free trade country so we do not have to pay tax when transferring goods. Mc Donald's is an example of a decline of traditional identity according to how much it as globalise. Which serves American food so we are exposed to American culture. Hybrid culture in Britain has an effect on our British identity showing that even the food in places such as Mc Donald's isn't English anymore.

    • Word count: 592
  8. 'Shojo culture has excelled in its potential for creating emptiness as Banana Yoshimoto is influenced by Shojo/Manga culture in her writing would it be fair to say that the content of her novella 'Kitchen' is also empty. Discuss

    There are some aspects of Shojo culture that are empty but there are also positive aspects of Shojo. Girls can learn how to be lovable for men from Manga and some Manga can even be seen as serious literature. Some people say that Shojo is empty because it for men and they see the Shojo as an object for a mans desires. Shojo culture deals with issues such as love, culture, gender, identity and society. It also has deep insights into human relationships. 'Kitchen' is similar to Manga in that it is about a teenage romance. Shojo culture can be seen as a representation of Japan today. Conventional households are disappearing which Yoshimoto shows in her novel 'Kitchen'.

    • Word count: 821
  9. What are the most important features of modern British Culture? British Culture and traditions are famous all over the world, in all sorts of countries.

    These changes have meant that gender roles have also changed. Many families are now headed by women as opposed to the traditional nuclear families which were generally dominated by men. Women are taking on far more responsibilities and challenges than they were half a century ago; they often go to work and leave their partners at home with the children, women have just as many rights as men now, but often different genders would not be expected to do particular jobs.

    • Word count: 506
  10. Basically the ascetic technique will kill all microorganisms that are present and employ sterile objects and other items. The different types of contamination are:

    *Incubate at 30 degrees Celsius -this will ensure no pathogenic bacteria or viruses grow. *Work near a Bunsen burner (within 1 foot) because the upward currents will prevent particles falling down into the culture. *Prevent from placing things on the workbench as it may be contaminated with microorganisms *Wear goggles at all times whilst doing the experiment *Heat the rim of the culture bottle to prevent airborne contamination. *Flame the tongs in Bunsen burner after each go to kill all microorganisms.

    • Word count: 653
  11. Choose any two stories from opening worlds which you find both moving and amusing. How do the writers arouse these responses and support your answer with reference to the text.

    The story is both moving and compelling because it deals with important issues such as the relationship and bond between mother and daughter but it also shows other aspects which can be considered amusing such as the languages spoken by the mother to her daughter and also the competition the mother has with her friend wanting the best for their daughters. The struggling bond between mother and daughter is shown when the mother is watching a talent programme on the television when she hears a girl playing the piano.

    • Word count: 663
  12. Political anthropology looks at how societies or groups of people develop political systems based on the structure

    Looking at how different societies develop political systems is valuable because it allows societies when in political uproar or crisis to observe the functionality of other political systems and processes, and apply them to rebuilding their own. For example the newly found political independence of Iraq has left many questions and decisions to be made as to how to establish a new political system. The political system of democracy, drawn from political systems of other societies and cultures such as the United States of America, is now being introduced to the people of Iraq.

    • Word count: 655
  13. Angela Carter includes her own representation of the fairy tale 'Little Red Riding Hood' in 'The Company of Wolves'. However, she changes the whole tone of the children's tale

    Angela Carter's vivid descriptions give a nightmarish feel to the wolves, giving in to the generic beasts of the imagination, like foreboding monsters that come out as night, eating those who dare enter the forest. This is typically fairy tale-esque, and it could almost be said that the emphasised, overdone nature of the story turns it into a satire of a fairy tale, with Carter ridiculing the traditional style of them, with their weak stereotypical females and dominant males. She turns these stereotypes around, giving the girl the power at the end to use her sexuality, normally non-existent in more traditional versions, to tame the wolf and save herself.

    • Word count: 533
  14. Questions to ask about gravestones. Part ITake one graveyard and/or a church full of memorials and tombs

    Has it been moved? 4. Style of grave/memorial. 5. Type of grave/memorial. They don't all look the same. They can be made from different materials, be different sizes and shapes, be fixed on the wall, on the ground etc. . Think of simple ways of describing them, like black floor slab, sandstone floor slab, table tomb etc. . 6. Take photographs where possible and measurements if you can. 7. You may not be the first person to study the stones. Check in your local library to see if someone has recorded the information before you.

    • Word count: 499
  15. Societies are shaped more by the nature of the media by which men communicatethan by the content of the communication(Marshall McLuhan)"Media Imperalism" occurs when one society's media dominate another country's culture

    Television was invented in Helenburgh, Scotland and introduced to the world by radio in 1939 at the New York World's Fair. It has been called "the tube," "the idiot box," and even "an instrument of cultural genocide." The National Film Board's Magic in the Sky documentary details the effects of television on the isolated Inuit communities in the Canadian far north. Television did not come to the Inuit communities until 1972 when the Canadian government wanted to ensure that communities with over 500 people would have access to television.

    • Word count: 867
  16. Individuality in an Environment of Commercial Control

    Disney is one of the largest American Corporations and is supported by overwhelming positive imagery. Within "Say "Cheese" The Disney Order That Is Not So Mickey Mouse," Clifford Shearing and Philip Stenning discuss ways in which Disney Productions induce consensual control over guests at Disney World. There is always some measure in place to insure the comfort and security of visitors while overshadowing control functions insuring the flow of product exposure. People allow themselves to be willingly controlled for the sake of personal happiness. "Opportunities for disorder are minimized by constant instruction, by physical barriers which severly limit choice of action available and by the surveillance of omnipresent employees who detect and rectify the slightest deviation."(p175)1 This sort of control becomes consensual because it is embedded into the structure of the park.

    • Word count: 653
  17. Franz Boas: Successes and Failures at the Museum of Natural History

    He was a young anthropologist with radical and liberal attitudes towards science and what he considered scientific experience. The president of the Museum of Natural History, Morris K Jesup, agreed to bring Boas on board only after an anonymous donation was made towards his salary by Boas's uncle (Jacobi). (p54) In 1896, when Boas begun work at the museum he brought with him an alarming desire for change. By the end of the first year he had pioneered a new project researching the origin of the culture group we now refer to as American Indians. Jesup has known to call this "the greatest thing ever undertaken by any museum."

    • Word count: 883
  18. Cultural Values & Personal Ehtics

    My cultural values changed drastically ever since I was part of this melting pot or modernly speaking, tossed salad. Each culture had its own uniqueness and that no single culture was ultimate. However, our cultural background determined a lot in how we acted or reacted and I learned a whole new set of culture the longer I lived in America. My cultural values were my inner judgments that determined how I actually behaved but these values might change over time, in different cultures and among different society. Ethics referred to my principles that defined behavior as right, good and proper.

    • Word count: 640
  19. What influences and challenges our ways of expressing differences between ourselves and others?

    The first being, Introduced from another country: not native to the place where found. Most of the people in America during the settlement of the States were exotic. By this definition the only people in America at this time that weren't exotic would have been the American Indians. The second definition is defined as, archaic: outlandish, alien. This meaning is why Tara Masih says, "It's why we seek to erase differences in this culture." Middle schools and high schools around the country are lined by clicks and trends. For example if a trend is set out in Los Angeles by some movie star it is portrayed by teens throughout the world.

    • Word count: 627
  20. Origins and Development of Social Science - Adopt the persona of one of the characters and, based on your reading for the module, use your own words to defend your character's argument(s).

    The scientific rational perpetuated by Galileo and others, in their quest for knowledge and enlightenment has scarred the very world we live in today. We may have seen what some call the emancipation of the human mind, however this has taught us, only, to explain the world from a scientific way, thinking this discourse holds all the answers. How can scientific language possibly explain human emotional experiences, the arts or culture? And what use is it to enforce such narratives on the social world?

    • Word count: 964
  21. Almond and Verba (1963) define three ideal types of political culture - parochial, subject and participant -

    I will give a brief explanation of them with the help of "The Civic Culture" by Almond and Verba. We can distinguish between these different political cultures by exploring certain characteristics of the individuals in different societies. In an extreme or pure parochial political culture, individuals have no real concept of their political system in general terms, its history, size, location, power, "constitutional" characteristics, and information like this. Individuals do not have very much knowledge of the structures and roles, various political elites, and the policy proposals that are involved in the upward flow of policy making. Individuals do not have knowledge on the downward flow of policy enforcement, the structures, individuals, and decisions involved in these processes.

    • Word count: 688
  22. Define culture - The Penan are one of the few remaining nomadic peoples of the rain forest.

    "If they continue to extract timber," said one Penan headman, "our lives will wither like leaves on the trees..." The world in which the Penan is living in, is threatened and is slowly coming to a halt at a rapid rate, as their homeland in the Malaysian state of Sarawak is undergoing one of the highest rates of logging on earth. The destruction of the forest in which these nomads have lived in for generations is forever being altered as the lives of the Penan and the other indigenous peoples of the rain forest are miss placed, these cultures will soon cease to exist if this hazardous attack on the forest and its residence is not stopped immediately.

    • Word count: 908
  23. Culture is an important goal in the study of archeology. Archeologists study about the cultures of past human societies and civilizations. In archeology, the aspect of culture can be referred in twoways - non-material and material.

    However, it's not always that these remnants are preserved in a complete good condition. Things do not turn up in complete sets. Usually, they are worn out and fragmented pieces from a certain artifact or fossil. This is due to exposure in the places or soil which they are found to also elements of decay and corrosion. It may also be due in part to human or animal activities which cause these things to be lost or fragmented. Ancient civilizations and societies usually turn up with little or no written records at all about them and if there are, they have never been found.

    • Word count: 742
  24. Existential Therapy: A Cultural Perspective.

    (Epp, 1998, para. 35) These issues are present in every culture, gender, ethnic background, religious belief and s****l orientation. Additionally, every human being must come to terms with all of these issues and give meaning to them. From an existentialist view, this meaning is formed by a person's interaction with their world. As people evolve and search for meaning, they may encounter the need for counseling or therapy. The existential therapist works with the client to investigate their behavior and review how social and cultural conditioning affects them.

    • Word count: 922
  25. The relationship between men and women in society from the feminist perspective.

    and including those women and groups who have been pushed to the margins of our society by a culture which privileges white, male, middle-class and Judeo-Christian values above all others. We recognize that women's experiences are different from men's and we want to express that uniqueness, knowing that isolation and misunderstanding are barriers to feminist expression. We want to understand where women are coming from and how that affects the way we see the world. As feminists, we must give ourselves permission to validate and affirm all of our experiences, from working in the home and nurturing and caring for children to developing careers and breaking down barriers in non-traditional settings.

    • Word count: 675

"It may be in the cultural particularities of people - in their oddities - that some of the most instructive revelations of what it is to be generically human are to be found."

?Clifford Geertz

If you love challenging your assumptions and learning about different cultures, then maybe you'd enjoy studying anthropology at the university level. Anthropology is a broad discipline dealing with every aspect of humanlife, culture, and society, with particular emphasis placed on cultural relativism. It can be studied on its own, or joint with a related subject like ancient history or geography.

Advanced writing skills will be invaluable during any anthropology degree. To get up to speed, study Marked by Teachers' collection of student-submitted anthropology and social studies essays. The essays might spark an idea for a topic, and the teacher annotations will show you how to edit papers to perfection.

Anthropology students can remain in the field; take higher degrees in a related subject like sociology; or pursue careers in a wide variety of fields,including marketing, HR, media and consulting.


Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • How useful is the term "counter-culture" to describe developments in Western Society during the 1960s? Discuss with reference to any three of the five disciplines represented in Block 6.

    "To sum up there was no single counter culture but several movements which posed challenges to "mainstream society" I agree to a degree with Ray Davis of the pop group the Kinks who said "that the so-called "Freedom of the Sixties was a myth, that the so-called "counter-culture" never really infiltrated society and that the establishment continued to rule" (Block 6, pg 175) I agree that the establishment did continue to rule and that the sixties did not witness a political or economic revolution but it had great impact on personal and social life . In his autobiography Jim Haynes', 'Thanks for Coming!' shows the deflation felt by many at the end of the sixties. He says 'the end of the sixties came as an incredible collapse [...[we weren't going to change the world. We could only maybe change ourselves a bit. And I think that this resulted in a depression.' (Resource Book 4, page 24) I think this shows that many involved in the "counter-culture movements felt they were trying to change the world and its thanks to their "disanchantment with mainstream culture that has allowed future generations new freedoms in morality; tolerance, equality and acceptance. (Word 1810)"

  • Discuss some of the recurrent themes in western representations of the non-European 'other'.

    "What is clear from discussing these different representations of the 'other' we have is that while they may focus on very different locations, and completely different sets of misinterpretations, they all share some very common grounds - both in the way these representations are formed, and more importantly the way these representations are criticized and rejected. Therefore in conclusion, while there will always be different names given to the ways we may represent certain areas around the world, it is likely that there will always be one combined perceived 'other' that an ignorant westerner may apply very similar frameworks to, no matter how different they may actually be."

  • Assess the evidence for and against the 'media imperialism theory'

    "Conclusion Through these points I hopefully have given a small indication of what the arguments for and against the media imperialism debate are all about. Generally the criticism is levelled at the most dominant world force, America. It is true that during the whole of the 90's the Americans have sought to eliminate the international trade barriers that exist worldwide in order to capitalise on the possible financial rewards available. There may in the future be massive benefits from the weaker nations use of western orientated material, but that is far from clear. It is extremely debateable whether access to western media content is detrimental, as essentially everyone has a choice in the way that they act and the attitudes and beliefs that they chose to adopt. So in effect there will only be a negative effect on the culture of third world, developing or weaker nation if the people who are part of that culture let it slip away (Hutchinson: 1999: 200)."

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