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University Degree: Anthropology
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The purpose of this report is to organise the temporary exhibition of a collection of Sixties artefacts and memorabilia, loaned to the museum by Mr Peter Van, a private collector, for the duration of a week. This report will outline the logistics involved
For more information on the loans in form see appendix. 3.0 The collection Mr Peter Van has agreed to lend the museum his collection of Sixties motoring memorabilia and artefacts which consist of approximately two-hundred objects including: * Clothing including: Mechanics overalls, race suits, fibreglass crash helmets, leather jackets, leather gloves, motorcycle boots, an original M1948 US military parka and various cotton promotional Tshirts. * 4 life sized Mannequins. * A large collection of Haynes vehicle service manuals. * Assorted vinyl records, including hits from The Who, The Kinks, Status Quo, Cream, Jimi Hendrix, and Aretha Franklin * An assortment
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Article Review. This essay is reviewing a text The original affluent society in Sahlins Stone age economics. It is a book by Marshall Sahlins, published in 1974, in the field of economic anthropology and still continues to rivet attention 37 years a
Their low standard of living, and respectively few material desires, implies that the basic necessities of hunter-gatherer societies are frequently met. Sahlins compares the hunter-gatherer concept of affluence with the industrialist concept of wealth and concludes that "modern capitalist societies, however richly endowed, dedicate themselves to the proposition of scarcity" (p.3). People in developed nations work long hours and accumulate large amounts of material goods for the fear of future insufficiency (p.35). Hunter-gatherers, on the other hand, eat when they have food and move on to more abundant surroundings when food supplies grow insufficient.
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argues that through such commemorative ceremonies 'a community is reminded of its identity'. Without Remembrance Day, it would be easy for future generations to forget the sacrifices made by those in the army and civilians at the time of the First World War and how it has had an effect on their lives. The respect shown to members in the armed forces and civilians who were lost during the war is seen as a way to reconcile the past, to make sure the people who lost their lives are repaid being remembered by generations after them.
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Economic activities were an important component of life in prehistoric Greece. Discuss how Minoan Palaces supported such activities.
The Minoans were residents of the Greek island of Crete and the civilization ruled from approximately 2700BC until its destruction by the Mycenaeans in 1450BC, but the palaces which formed their burgeoning economy only began being built at around 2000BC (Murray, Runnels, 2001: 79), known as the start of the old palace period. These palaces shaped a large part of the Minoan rule, probably governing five separate territories within Crete, allowing the economy to flourish under their leadership by supporting trade in several ways.
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In addition I will examine Mauss' description of the process of exchange and suggest that the 'rules of reciprocity', underlined by Mauss, apply to our modern society to the same extent that they do for traditional societies. Firstly I shall explore the work of Malinowski and his studies into the exchange systems in the Trobriand Islands. The Trobriand Islands are made up of a flat coral island which is about 30 miles long surrounded by numerous smaller islands. The villages are scattered along the western coast and in the centre.
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The search site was area 'A' at the far side of Miller Park (see arrow on previous map). Fig. 3 shows a sketch made of the area and initial search perimeters. Fig. 4 shows the Avenham & Miller Park and all the access routes for cars, pedestrians and cyclists. Once at Avenham Park follow the path/ road down the hill pass the pavilion in the far corner (south) to the rail house and go under the bridge. Once through the metal gates there is a long stretch of road (south east), follow this right down to the end until you reach the second rail bridge which is on the right.
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It can be seen that Bourgois's approach to this ethnography is somewhat complex to analyse as he does not take an immediate stance on who, in his opinion, is to blame for the social problems surrounding substance abuse in El Barrio. One could argue that his mention of the state plays a major role in shaping his views of the system, notably that is fails to tackle most problems of the ethnic impoverished groups in El Barrio. This can be seen by the basic problem of the concentration of socially marginalised populations in one area.
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"Untouchable" refers to the ritual polluting capacity they have to make higher castes "impure" through sight and touch. They are considered to be social outcasts and have no place within the caste system. Dumont (1966) uses the concepts of "purity" and "pollution" to illustrate the differences in status between the Brahmins and the Dailts. The ways in which caste can be seen as different from class as a form of social hierarchy will be assessed in terms of the meanings of both concepts, and how they differ from each other in terms of ascribed and achieved statuses using Bourdieu's concept of cultural capital.
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While 'us' defines a very specific group of people, 'them' describes all those who are not deemed elite to be part of that 'us'. By picking apart the title of this essay, we come across three more words used to draw boundaries. It seems surprising that a title consisting of just thirteen words would contain as much as three cultural defining terms (Discuss some of the recurrent themes in western representations of the non-European 'other'), but this just acts to emphasise the importance that drawing boundaries has to many people.
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Caste has always been directly linked with the Hindu religion and exists in the form of an ancient hierarchy based on the notions of purity and pollution. In its simplest form, known as Varna, the caste system is seen to exist of four groups, the purest being the Brahmin, followed by the Kshatriya, the Vaishya and the Sudra. A fifth group, colonially known as the Untouchables, fall outside the rank. The hierarchy consists of a number of complex rituals related to purity that stem from the Brahmin, the priestly caste.
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I like Dave, because he seems really kind to everybody that he knows how to be kind to. Also, he tries to be honest, and is almost always hopeful and wishful. He is innocent, and smart. Here is a quote about him thinking about his relationship with his brothers: "After the boys had carved their pumpkins, I could hear mother, in her soothing voice, telling them a scary story. The more I heard, the more I hated each and every one of them. It was bad enough waiting, like a dog, out in the backyard on the rocks while they enjoyed dinner, but having to lay in a cold bathtub, shivering to keep warm, while they ate popcorn and listened to mothers' tale made me want to scream."
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The English oxford dictionary describes witchcraft as, "the exercise of allegedly magical powers, an act or instance of employing sorcery, especially with malevolent intent, a magical rite or technique; the exercise of supernatural powers, alleged intercourse with the devil or with a familiar; an irresistible influence or fascination, charm, enchantment" (REFERENCE). This definition is how witchcraft is perceived largely within western society, and is defined differently in disparate historical and cultural contexts. Most westerners still imagine witchcraft to be the work of people who operate secretly in the night and delve in cannibalism and other sinful acts whilst making pacts with the devil, this stereotype has been the cause of many problems that will be discussed within this essay.
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Discuss the purposes of genetic testing during pregnancy and the ethical issues raised by such testing
The topic will be expanded to look at one neonatal test, the Guthrie test for phenylketonuia to illustrate one of the main purposes of genetic screening, and pre-implantation diagnosis, for example tests during in-vitro fertilization (IVF), as this is the real ethical battleground of the future. Most pregnant women are offered a variety of screening tests and, where it is deemed appropriate, specific diagnostic tests as well (Human Genetics Commission, 2006). Prenatal diagnostic tests provide diagnosis of particular conditions the baby may have (Ibid), and are carried out when there is a 'familial, maternal or fetal condition that confers an increased risk' (Cunniff, 2004).
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The latter started in the 700's B.C. The Indians were traced to be the first ones to conduct simple surgeries like rhinoplasty - the type of plastic surgery that is used to improve the function (reconstructive surgery) or appearance (cosmetic surgery) of a person's nose. Rhinoplasty is also commonly called a "nose job."3 The real start of cosmetic surgery began in the 20th century. Obviously, technology is the shoulder of this. The main purpose of this surgery was to repair the faces of the victims of the World War I.
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Arthur Marwick argues that the sixties were characterised by the counter-cultural movements across a number of areas. Do you think that this view is supported by the evidence?
This periodization could therefore be more accurately classified as a period of cultural change and social change from 1958 to1973, but for convenience in this assignment will be referred to as "the sixties". HISTORY To look at history in relation to the 1960's I am going to look at the attributes that mainstream culture was given and how counter-culture looked to challenge these. To study what was mainstream in the 1960's we have to look at the common place ideals that were widely accepted at the time.
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The second aspect of this dimension has to do with what people in a culture expect of sex roles. In a very masculine culture, sex roles would be differentiated while in a feminine culture sex roles would be more similar. Long Term Orientation (LTO). This is a recent addition to the Hofstede model, added as a new dimension to the model in the second edition (2001). It is based on the philosophy of Confucius and has to do with "persistence, thrift, personal stability and respect for tradition" (p351).
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They were seduced into popular culture and encouraged to consume, falsely believing that what they got would provide satisfaction. The working classes had lost their ability to critically assess the exploitation and gone too was their ability to rise and revolt against it as Marx would've predicted. They had become consumed by their own shallow consumption. Popular culture was drip feeding the masses, much like a hypodermic syringe, into believing they needed and could not live without these products. According to Marcuse, capitalism creates "one-dimensional" people, who lack any real culture other than that fed to them by the media.
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Post-modern theory thus analyses what it sees as the main causes for these changes, mainly being that of the mass media, the consumer society and information technology and how these changes have been brought about. It is a rejection of the old ways of analysis and the rejection of metanarratives in searching for a way of understanding and meaning in the present. As it is constantly looking at the present postmodernism is , in reality, a continuous work and as Glenn Ward wrote it is, "..an elastic critical category with a range of applications and potential understandings.
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In literature or film, postmodernism is seeing as a rejection of any link between the characters and the material social world. Moreover, these characters are seeing in the series of different images, which are not linked by the overall pattern. Postmodernists do not see a clear line between fact and fiction. They suggest that the relationship between words and things does not exist. This idea could be supported with the quote by Michel Foucault: "I am well aware that I have never written anything but fictions.
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Pettigrew (1979) views it as a combination of beliefs and ideologies, and for Deal and Kennedy (1982); it is the way we do things around here. It is generally assumed by OC researchers that there are three levels of organizational culture analysis: observable culture (or what Schein, 2004 describes as artefacts), shared values and beliefs, and common assumptions. (Schermerhorn, et al 1994; Schein, 2004; Ogbonna, 1993). This classification is important as we shall see later; our classification determines our interpretation of the results of culture change efforts. OCM researchers do not share a consensus about the signification of culture management.
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can be a good names in one culture but can carry a different meaning & image of Barbie. Second important illustration of culture is behavior. As from the beginning, Barbie had her critics, from feminists and others, has been that she reinforces sexism, representing a young woman with questionable intelligence and a near-impossible physique. Barbie is sold around the world in the original blonde-haired, blue-eyed version along with international Barbie such as Kenyan Barbie, Polynesian Barbie, spring time in Tokyo Barbie (has black hair), etc. not all cultures have responded positively to her. In Egypt and other Middle Eastern countries, Barbie is not only likely to be banned but even replaced by dolls that these countries' governments have helped develop.
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Multiculturalism within Australian films offers its audiences an opportunity of recognising, as Australian, representations of social experience which are defined by their hybridity. Films such as Michael Jenkins' The Heartbreak Kid (1993), Aleksi Vellis' The Wog Boy (1999) and Kate Woods' Looking for Alibrandi (2000) depict a nation of "elaborate patterns of difference" as well as a construction of unity. In particular, Looking for Alibrandi's Josephine Alibrandi (Pia Miranda) typifies the hybridised Australian negotiating a cultural space for herself within her Italian community that is also negotiating its form and significance across grids of racial and cultural diversity.
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Men's images and masculinity are fragmented, softened, subtly altered by the reference and illusion. Men occasionally appear in advertisements as sensual, caring, even effeminate; the 'new man' phenomenon, a true creation of the media, is promoted in magazines and television, and sportsmen and trade unionists weep in public in times of victory and defeat. Increasingly, thought not for the first time, masculinity is in 'crisis'.2 This paper will assess how the representation of men and masculinity is changing in popular culture and if there are new relations of looking that challenge the conventional dynamics where men own the gaze and others are the 'object' of the gaze.
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IT IS ARGUED THAT AT THE HEART OF ALL RELATIONSHIPS THERE IS AN UNEQUAL POWER BASE. CRITICALLY EVALUATE THIS STATEMENT AND ITS RELEVANCE WITHIN THE COUNSELLING RELATIONSHIP
It should not matter but it does. Men place more significance on different events and words; women are softer? SEXUAL ORIENTATION Do gays have different issues to straights? Would a straight male counsellor feel that every gay client fancied him? It would be hard for me not to assume what a gay client would be like prior to the first session. PROVIDE SUFFICIENT BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION TO INDICATE AN AWARENESS OF THEIR OWN CULTURAL HERITAGE AND HOW THAT MAY IMPACT ON THE RELATIONSHIP DEVELOPED WITH CLIENTS Lago (2003: p28) writes that it has been estimated that, by the early 1960's, there were in excess of 160 different definitions of culture in the social science literature.
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Culture is concerned with aspects of the human society, which are learned rather than the aspects, which are inherited. These fundamentals are shared in members of a society and allow an understanding between individuals of a society. They locate share...
Marx's so-called 'materialist conception of history' holds that societies can be understood primarily by looking at the way that mankind organises production of the basic wants and necessities of life, and the social relations arising thereof - 'In order to meet its fundamental material needs, a society develops an economic base and social classes... How it does this conditions the whole social, political, legal, moral and intellectual life' (5, p137). It should be noted, however, that although this economic base provides the main foundation for the 'superstructure' of the wider social system, Marx does not deny the existence of causal factors which operate in the other direction, although these are held to be much less significant.
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