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Applying Theory to Practice in Social Work

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(a) The social work task The referral is of Jameela, who is the service user, however it is impossible to ignore the needs of the whole family and of Farah, the carer. It would be necessary to work with all the adult family members and if there were any concerns regarding the children to refer them to the children's team. The family are opposed to Jameela being placed in a care home, which the GP suggested. The primary role of the social worker in this case in the elderly person's team would be that of a direct change agent to communicate and work with the service user and family as a mediator to help improve family relationships and to work along with them to promote change and find solutions to the current situation. Secondly, in the executive role as lead worker heading the multidisciplinary team, of other professionals, who the family will be referred to in order to assist with their needs. This role would be to co-ordinate the family's needs with the other agencies to plan actions and services together with the family. The social worker needs to establish an open, honest and trusting relationship with members of this family. The social worker needs awareness of cultural factors and possible communication barriers. Knowledge of assessments and our duties regarding community care assessments under section47, National Health Service and Community Care Act (1995);The Single Assessment Process ,Department of Health,(2002); Carers recognition and Services Act (1995) ...read more.


Reid and Epstein (1972) gave seven typical types of problems for which task-centred practice may be effective: 'Interpersonal conflict; dissatisfaction in social relations; relations with formal organisations; role performance; social transition; reactive emotional distress; inadequate resources'. As quoted in Parker and Bradley (2007). These relate to the majority of the problems which may be identified by this family. They will be encouraged to describe and identify for themselves their own interpretations of their problems or issues in collaboration with the social worker. Possible problems may be the conflict between Majid, Jameela and their expectations of Farah, Farah's own dissatisfaction and inability to have a voice, role performance and expectations of each family member of the other, the social transition of Jameela accepting her life stage, the reactive emotional distress of Farah as she has internalised her feelings which has probably contributed to her depression, the possible cultural limitations that are affecting the relationship with formal organisations. The problems are then placed in order of importance to the family and by agreeing on manageable tasks, usually no more than three tasks, goals are made to achieve on each task together. This can be agreed in the form of a written or oral agreement. The tasks may be by the family themselves to achieve, by the social worker or by involvement of other agencies and all these decisions are made jointly with all parties. ...read more.


access support services due to communication difficulties, their own cultural norms and values may prevent them too and cause embarrassment for them to seek help with family problems. As a social worker it is important for us to practice in an anti-oppressive way and to not discriminate. Using Thompsons(2006) Personal, Cultural and Structural(PCS) model at the personal level: the social worker needs an awareness of her own values and beliefs, to hold these in check, so they do not lead to assumptions about the family's beliefs and values and influence the treatment of this family or allow subconscious discrimination against them. This requires the social worker to be non-judgemental, to be respectful and not allow our own personal values to cause discrimination and prejudice against any person. At the Cultural level: It is important to be aware of the cultural values, beliefs and customs of this family and to not impose westernised values on this family also the language and communication difficulties need to be addressed. At the structural level: to change and possibly challenge society to provide more equality for this family, to provide services for them as in a day care centre and to inform them of the availability of the services or their use. It is extremely important that the social worker values the difference and cultural identity of this family empowering them by accepting them, giving them equality and the opportunity for them to have choices in their lives. ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

An introduction outlining what would be covered would be useful to help the reader get a sense of what will be presented. It is therefore hard to give feedback without knowing what the requirements of the essay were. I will say that the writer appears to have good knowledge of task-centred theory and how it could be used in practice, and the work regarding values & oppression was very good, highlighting the various ways in which the family might be disadvantaged.
There were a few grammar/expression errors which could be minimised by careful proof-reading, but the writing style was good overall. Double check all references are in the correct format.

Marked by teacher Diane Apeah-Kubi 28/06/2013

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