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Care and protection

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Child Youth and Family Services Introduction This article is based on a family whom I worked with during my fieldwork placement with Child Youth and Family Services (CYFS) Grey Lynn site. For the purposes of this assignment I shall refer to the clients and all other people involved with pseudonyms, so as to maintain their confidentiality and abide by the Privacy Act as well as the Policy and Procedure Manual of the organisation. Significant moves have been initiated since 1980's in New Zealand to create greater participation between the government and the community in a bid to reduce family violence and child abuse. Cooperation among the different sectors such as the police, Child Youth and Family Services, The Preventing Violence in Homes (PVH) and other community agencies boosted the initiatives such as "breaking the cycle" funded by CYFS. This initiative provides alternatives to physical abuse towards children as well as changes in legislation such as "the Domestic Violence Act (1995), which according to Connolly (2001) has made it easier to obtain protection orders and especially recognises the impact on children who witness violence between their caregivers, making it easier for caregivers to gain protection orders on those grounds. Child Youth and Family Service (CYFS) CYFS is a statutory organization with its main function being driven from Section 14 of the children, Young persons and their Families Act 1989. According to Connolly (2001), the Department of Child Youth and Family Services identifies its clients as children and young persons at risk from abuse and neglect. The children, Young persons and their Families Act 1989 defines children and young persons in need of care and protection as those who are experiencing or ...read more.


Jane's parents were going to meet with Tom's family and discuss the interests of their children and mokopuna. Intervention Plan The safety of the children and their carer was paramount since children exposed to violence will have either short or long term effects and according to Osofsky (2003) children who are under five years of age are vulnerable to harmful effects of domestic violence because they don't have a developed capacity to understand or cope with trauma especially on the youngest child James aged 4. Groves (2002) supports this view and also states that the children of abused women are at increased risk of either direct abuse and or witnessing violence therefore we decided to: * To provide Jane and her family with information on restraining orders which are available under the Children, Young Persons and Their Families Act 1989 to protect children if Tom decided to confront them with regards to accessing the children. O'Hara cited in Saunders (1995) urges that children's welfare cannot in practice be separated from the question of the safety of their primary carers and this needs to be adequately taken into account when making decisions for child protection and safety. * Arrange a Family Whanau Agreement (FWA) for the extended family participation in the children's welfare and use law to enforce the agreement. O'Hara sees good practice as very much based upon using the law to empower women and children to protect themselves. For example, the use of laws relating to children access and communication or occupation of the family home to protect children from violence and emotional abuse associated with violence. ...read more.


I also learnt that for effective intervention we needed to ensure that the whole family was completely on board, in terms of understanding the existing problems and realising that their input is required to solve the problems. Using Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) we acknowledged that the client was the expert of their own problems and ultimately had the solution to changes in their life with the assistance of the social workers. Ronen in Davies (1998) urges that CBT assists the social worker to focus on the behaviour as opposed to the problem, on the solution as opposed to the difficulties caused by the problem, to think positively, be flexible, to see success as being achieved in small steps that finally lead to significant changes and to look to the future as opposed to trying to ascertain the role played by the past events on the client's present. Conclusion My fieldwork learning experience with CYFS gave me an insight of pragmatic social issues versus social work theories as I worked with child clients using the Child Centred Model. The child centred model focuses on the child safety, security and well being with the intention to eliminate risk factors through involving the child in decision-making or remove that child from the environment if necessary. With the support of my supervisor I developed and managed my professional relationship with the child clients and their parents with high sensitivity to their domestic issues and our interests to their children's well being. However I also had ethical dilemmas in decision-making as I was always reminded that CYFS's clients and focus were the children not the parents or caregivers. ...read more.

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