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University Degree: Criminology

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  1. Comparative report. Topic suicide

    They both are discussing topic of suicide. I will summarize both articles and then I will compare and evaluate both of them and draw a conclusion. Firstly I will present newspaper article 'Suicides on the rail network rose last year, say Samaritans' (A. Hill, 08.09.2010). Newspaper article provides information on current events and issues on suicide topic, giving comprehensive detailed news report about the increasing number of deaths and attempted deaths on the railways. The main aims of the article are to state the facts that among all suicides even three-quarters are men and to inform a reader about most recurrent causes of men suicide.

    • Word count: 1770
  2. Crash from a Psychological Perspective

    Unfortunately in this film, it does the complete opposite and shows our "stereotyping by appearance" attitude. Crash was made to intentionally show biased prejudices against minorities. Latinos are shown to be gang bangers; for example the depiction of Daniel the locksmith (Michael Pena); the wife of the D.A Jean Cabot (Sandra Bullock) insists on having the locks changed when Daniel leaves as she believes he is a (gang banger, with prison tattoos). Blacks either become gun-toting criminals as Anthony (Chris "Ludacris" Bridges) and his side- kick Peter Waters (Larenz Tate) are depicted as or are righteous upper class characters such as Cameron (Terrance Howard.)

    • Word count: 1327
  3. Critically Discuss the Extent to which the Rise in the Incarceration and Warehousing of Offenders Represents the Arrival of the New Penology

    The effectiveness of these prisons was measured by its success in detaining people until the repayment was made (Muncie, 2001). The rationale behind imprisonment then changed to punishment rather than containment, although the prison population still mainly remained as debtors (Muncie, 2001). By the end of the 18th century the rises of the penitentiary saw prisoners being sorted into hierarchical groups in a regime of punishment and rewards and were subjected to hard physical labour and moral reformation (Muncie, 2001).

    • Word count: 3469
  4. Why is it that Sexual Offending against Children is so Powerful in our Perceptions of what Dangerousness is?

    Many members of society believe that those unknown to them are those that are most likely to be a danger towards them, when in fact it will most likely be someone within the same household as them or someone that is very close to them. This distortion has come from highly publicised news stories in the past such as the murder of eight year old Sarah Payne by paedophile Roy Whiting in 2000, who took Sarah while she was playing with her brothers and sister near her grandparents house.

    • Word count: 1047
  5. MAPPA Risk Assessment

    Victim Issues Mark's last victim was a 17 year old girl. They are known to each, he has previously committed another offence against her, they were in a relationship with each other and at time of sentencing she was in the early stages of pregnancy with their child. Due to the repeated offences made against this young women, Mark has been assessed at a high risk of reoffending against her, especially as now there is the added stress of a young child being present when these two will be together. A victim liaison officer will provide support to the victim upon Marks release and inform her of the restrictions placed upon him.

    • Word count: 1003
  6. Biometric Technology

    Depending on how the system is designed, it can make a "best" match, or it can score possible matches and rank them according to likelihood. Identification applications are common when the goal is to identify criminals, terrorists or any other person attempting entry to a controlled area, particularly through surveillance. Verification occurs when the biometric system asks and attempts to answer the question, "Is this X?" after the user claims to be X.

    • Word count: 520
  7. Death Penalty

    The death penalty is expensive. The costs involved in a trial are exorbitant. The time consuming, which is 25 years in California, together with the staff required in a single death penalty case is estimated to be $500,000 more expensive than a non-death penalty sentence. Every American state which adopts the death penalty has an annual estimated cost of $10 million, money that could be invested in social projects and therefore reduce the crime index, which would save much more lives than taking one. As reinforced by Police Chief James Abbott of West Orange, New Jersey in the website Death Penalty Focus: "The death penalty is a colossal waste of money that would be better spent putting more cops on the street.

    • Word count: 1771
  8. Locking Children up

    There are three types of secure accommodation in which a young offender can be placed. Firstly, Secure Training Centres (STC) built for young offenders up to the age of 17 provide education, training and rehabilitation. Secondly, there are Local Authority Secure Children's Homes (LASCH's), which provide support tailored to the individuals needs, focussing on the physical, emotional and behavioural needs of the young people they accommodate. LASCH's accommodate young people aged between 12 and 16. Young Offender Institutions (YOI) run by the prison service accommodate 15 to 21 year olds.

    • Word count: 4192
  9. Race Crime

    The report illustrates that BME groups are disproportionately represented at every stage of the criminal justice system but specifically in stop and search, arrests and the prison population. However, this is not simply an issue in England and Wales, but reflects problems faced by criminal justice systems in other countries around the world (Bhui, 2009;50). It has been well established by many authors and studies that the 'use of stop and search powers by the police has been the most controversial issue' (Bowling and Phillips, 2003;534)

    • Word count: 4453
  10. terrorism

    • Word count: 2372
  11. Southern California Crime Prevention Plans

    Some methods which the Superior Court found useful were: Longer incarceration terms, city boundary limitations, and attempting to break gangs. This study argues that the best technique to deal with this crisis is to set city boundaries between persons affiliated with gangs. By way of organization, Section 1 compares the two best manners in which to deal with the matter of crime prevention. The city boundary limitation plan is much better than the incarceration plan overall for many reasons. Section 2 is the Case Study and Section 3 is the Summary.

    • Word count: 1731
  12. Organized Crime and Differential Association

    the aim of committing more serious crimes or offenses in accordance with this Convention in order to obtain, directly or indirectly, a financial or other material benefit." (Clark pg99) Organized crime in this respect is performed by members of a group. This is not to be confused with crime that is committed within an organized market. Individuals who commit crime within an organized market, such as the drug trade, for their own sake, are not a part of an organized crime group.

    • Word count: 1666
  13. Globalisation and Transnational Terrorism

    This may explain why so many TNTG have a religious ontology. This paper does not dispute that assertion but rather adds to that narrow definition any group that operates internationally, from a base of operation it does not control or have a nationalistic connection to, and any group that utilises the tools of globalisation to further their chosen cause by using transnational methods of communication, funding, recruitment and training. Globalisation and its associated tools have exacerbated the growth of terrorism through the movement of operatives across borders, through hijacked technologies outputting to a global media. This allows TNTG to strike at globalised networks and transfer money through legitimate and illegal transactions.

    • Word count: 3903
  14. Human rights and civil liberties in prisons. Should a prisoner have rights?

    The European Convention was an indirect source of domestic law until it was given further legal effect by the Human Rights Act 19985. Schedule 1 of the Human Rights Act 19986 outlines the rights and fundamental freedoms of the European Convention. Each right is contained in an individual article. These fundamental human rights are as follows: * Article 2 a right to legal protection for life; * Article 3 a right to be free from torture and inhuman or degrading treatment; * Article 4 a right to be free of slavery, servitude and forced labour; * Article 5 a right

    • Word count: 3286
  15. Article Review

    The authors have a lot of experience in the criminological research field, and all have an impressive collection of articles, books and awards. Rosenfield is currently the professor and chairman in the department of Criminology at the University of Missouri, St Louis. He has done numerous amounts of research in different areas of the social sciences. Jacobs also has an experienced, professional background in the social sciences and particularly criminology, and is a representative of the faculty council at the University of Missouri, St Louis.

    • Word count: 1013
  16. The Use of Prison is Essential if We are to Reduce Offending

    Those above 10 are dealt with according to the crime they have committed whether they are charged with shop-lifting which is often punished with a caution or a crime as serious as murder are held and sentenced under section 90/91 (Davies et al, 2003). At the start of the 20th century the equivalent of a current day youth prison in the form of Borstal, which were first set up at Borstal Prison in Kent, United Kingdom, in October 1902 (BBC, 2002).

    • Word count: 1844
  17. Modified (side-constrained) theories of consequentialism have failed to overcome the enduring problems created by the pure consequentialist theory of punishment This essay is going to concentrate on the second type of modified consequentialism: Soc

    Presently we can see that the pure theory has the main concepts (as seen above) that it uses in order to punish an individual. By using these forms of punishment it has not been able to proportion the severity of crime in relation to the crime itself. By deterring future crimes it was not able to sustain the original concept of why it was formed. Its original aim which was to deter future crimes had a minimal effect as some forms of punishment were failing. Rehabilitation is a form used that has raised many criticism as to its effectiveness.

    • Word count: 2535
  18. Term paper of criminology

    Yu's father thinks that he is not a good role model and refuses to communicate with him. Relationship between the father and son is poor. Yu feels that school is a boring hassle and eventually met a group of gangsters who are negative influences. The protagonist was assigned to be a person-in-charge in the gaming centre and was constantly exposed to violence video games. He soon becomes delusional and begins to beat up strangers on streets. Eventually, he is captured by the police and sentenced to attend a training camp specifically designed to help adolescents who were in the triad society.

    • Word count: 3506
  19. Counseling Students Placed At-Risk

    Teens are involved in risk-taking that is not always harmful. Frequently, risk-taking in teens is a normal, healthy, developmental behavior for adolescents. All schools and communities have students who could potentially drop out of school or engage in self-destructive behaviors that interfere with academic success. Behaviors including absenteeism, performing below academic potential or participating in activities that may be harmful to oneself and/or others such as substance abuse, bullying and threats, and physical violence are some behaviors that place students at risk. These behaviors can have devastating lifelong effects and often stem from personal and social concerns including low self-esteem, family and relationship problems, unresolved grief, trauma, involvement with drugs or alcohol, neglect or abuse.

    • Word count: 1003
  20. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of youth justice policies in England and Wales since 1997

    offend, faster, more efficient procedures from arrest to sentence, partnership between all youth justice agencies to deliver a better, faster system" Home Office (1997). According to the Home Office (1997) the aim of the youth justice system is to prevent offending by young people. And the Crime and Disorder Bill has in it a requirement that it is the duty of all people working in the youth justice system to uphold these. The requirement covers all the youth justice agencies in England and Wales like the police, social services the probation services and others working in the Youth Offending Teams, the Crown prosecution service, defence solicitors, the prison services and courts and the way they deal with young adults.

    • Word count: 3881
  21. Examine the contribution of feminism to contemporary criminology

    Then I will finally end with a conclusion using all my findings and bring them together to conclude. So to begin I will discuss the various different branches of feminist criminology. Starting with liberal feminism, According to Maguire, Morgan and Reiner (2002:113) liberal feminism is committed to equal civil rights, and the equality of prospects and the acknowledgement of women's rights in welfare, education and employment. Secondly Marxist feminism is committed to describing material foundation of women's repression and the relationship between the modes of production and women's status, and so using theories of women and class to address the role of the family.

    • Word count: 2844
  22. Child sexual abuse: The comparison of the situation in UK, Germany and Poland

    The last country where the situation is going to be presented will be United Kingdom. It will show briefly when the child protection system developed in UK and how it has changed since then. It will present how Protection of Children Act 1999 tries to prevent child sexual abuse. After presentation of all three countries, the findings will be presented and short comparison of the problems that all these countries face when trying to protect children from sexual abuse. The first presented country as mentioned in the introduction will be Germany. It is a country which since the Second World War has experienced large-scale demographic changes.

    • Word count: 2345
  23. White Collar Criminality

    It also refers to offences against consumers such as: illegal sales and marketing practises, the sale of unfit goods or the fraudulent safety testing of products. The are also crimes against employees and employment protection such as: sexual and racial discrimination or violations of wage laws. The last type of corporate offences are environmental crimes such as: illegal emissions to air, water or land, and hazardous waste dumping (Nelken, 2007). It is very difficult to study white collar crime, because in many countries the information about white collar crimes is not included in the official statistics.

    • Word count: 2139
  24. Does the UK have a gang problem? Justify your answer.

    Youths that were originally smoking on street corner will now bring knives out with them and protect their corner form other groups trying to use it and the whole situation will escalate to the point where groups of gangs will emerge from previous relatively innocent groups of young people. This makes the theory of the 'self fulfilling prophecy' come into practice as acting like you are in a gang will make people treat you like you are in a one and then eventually you will become a gang because you have made it so3.

    • Word count: 3548
  25. Reflective Essay on working with a Team

    The question and my contribution Our main question was "What is ADR (Alternative Dispute Resolution) and how does it improve access to the justice system?" Our group was composed of Matt, Toyo, Jemima and me. From the very start, we formed a close working relationship, to the extent that working together felt somewhat like being in a family atmosphere, with mutual support and good humour. However, as we all had different backgrounds, being from England, Nigeria, Ghana and Sweden respectively, we found it quite difficult to work as a coherent unit. As this was one of my major concerns, and an issue which I felt could harm the quality of our presentation, I realised that it was important to be as proactive and thorough as possible when completing my part of the research2.

    • Word count: 2298

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