• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

CRITICALLY ASSESS THE IMPACT OF TASK CENTRED SOCIAL WORK ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL WORK

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

CRITICALLY ASSESS THE IMPACT OF TASK-CENTRED PRACTICE ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL WORK The task-centred model is a short-term, problem-solving approach to social work practice. It was developed by William Reid and Laura Epstein in 1969 and appeared as a response to the criticism that long-term casework was time-consuming and it wasn't very successful in a significant percentage of clients. It is a way of working with people that highlight partnership and the clients' participation in decisions that affect them. Task-centred work is one of the few models of social work that encourages clients to decide what they wish to improve or change, rather than having to work on problems that the practitioner considers most important. It also emphasise the client's motivation, responsibility and the improving of problem-solving capacity. "... task-centred casework has become task-centred practice, an indication of its development from individualised, therapeutic beginnings to a broader stage; a move away from relatively conservative practices into more radical territory, embracing notions of partnership, empowerment and anti-oppressive practice, and signalling practical ways of realising these ideas." (Adams, 2002, p. 192) It's a practice that is heavily influenced by behavioural model, problem-solving approach and the learning theory. Like in the behavioural model, task-centred work is a short-term service, usually 6 to 12 sessions and it focuses on problems and behaviours, not in emotions. ...read more.

Middle

(www.geocities.com/taskcentered/). The task-centred practice, around the 1980s, was in the right position to give voice to the clients' rights/consumer choice movement (BASW, 1979). Its connections with open and shared recording (qualitative methodology) and the demands for transparency about the purpose of the work, gave task-centred practice ambiguous attraction to both radical and managerial elements in social work. This pressure continued through the 1990s and beyond; task-centred practice provides clear methods to shape the good intentions of partnership and the firm expression of anti-oppressive principles, but also attract interest from agency managers interested in having measurable outcomes and clear systems of accountability. (Adams, 2002, p. 193). As referred in a website about task-centred practice (www.geocities.com/taskcentered/) this model is split in 3 phases - the initial phase, the middle phase and the termination phase, and as a time limit set at the beginning of the intervention, in collaboration with the client. Usually the interventions will last between 6 to 12 weeks. In the initial phase the practitioner works with the client to identify problems. Next, target problems are selected and prioritized, in order of importance to the client. Finally the client set goals that will show that progress has been made towards resolution of the problem during intervention. Assessment, process and outcome data are collected systematically. In the middle phase, both client and practitioner mutually agree to tasks that will take the client step by step towards a resolution of their problems. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, such an approach might maintain a patriarchal or even abusive family structure. The work undertaken with the family might therefore achieve one of the goals of the intervention, reduced conflict, but not another more value-based goal-for the family to interact in a more equal manner. (Trotter, available from: www.allen-unwin.com.au [see bibliography]). Others say that the limitation of time is good for the practitioner and for the agencies (saves time and money), but it doesn't real help the client because the intervention is too short to resolve the real problems. In conclusion, some researches and development works showed that task-centred practice is very relevant in Social Work, but it isn't sufficient to have knowledge of the model to apply it. It is also important to train practitioners, to implement and to support this practice at personal, team and agency levels, mainly because the transition from knowledge to understanding and then to delivery it to clients is not simple. (Doel, 2006, available from www.communitycare.co.uk [see bibliography]). "Task-centred work has a solid pedigree of more than 40 years of research development. It fits so many of the developments in social work in recent times that it has come of age. Its long-standing commitment to involving service users at its core now chimes with current thinking in social work... We hope this approach will become mainstream to the development of social work practice over the coming years". (Doel, 2006, available from www.communitycare.co.uk [see bibliography]). ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Social Work section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Social Work essays

  1. An overview of my DP1 placement which will highlight the location of my placement, ...

    One young person has just been admitted into the unit and I have been doing some 'piece work' with her, (Y). Due to staff training, the keyworker allocated to this young person is doing her SVQ and I am aware that I sometimes feel as though the young person is

  2. Assignment 3 BC 8c Analysis of a Counselling Session.

    whereby he begins to acknowledge a part of himself he is wary of. His response gave me greater courage to challenge again. However, I judged this poorly; although (5) was given with good intention, it lacked empathy. The client seems to sense my lack of understanding and pulls the emotional shutters down again.

  1. Critically consider the argument for and against social work practice being based on research ...

    well with their principles of systematisation, regulation, formalized rules and individual professional judgment. 02007869/SW06P Webb(2001) criticised the methodological base of EBP by saying that it is questionable since they are mostly based on the philosophy of behaviourism and positivism and accused the proponent of EBP practice of being guilty of

  2. The advantages and disadvantages of Ethnographic methods.

    good way to learn about these worlds is to submit oneself in the company of the members to the daily round of petty contingencies to which they are subject. Desiring to obtain ethnographic detail, I did not gather statistical evidence".

  1. Unit K/601/7629 Professional Organisational Issues In counselling assignment

    ensures the building has adequate health and safety procedures 5. ensures and adheres to an effective complaints procedure 6. ensures there is an equal opportunities procedure in place and that it's adhered to 7. ensures time keeping is obeyed 8.

  2. TASK-CENTERED APPROACH. This essay takes a social work case study as the basis for ...

    motivating factor, and I credit this with persuading him to take the smaller steps such as going to the café and to the shops. APPLICATION OF THE APPROACH TO THE CASE STUDY The task-centered approach is based on a standardized framework that nevertheless allows for significant flexibility in terms of

  1. Compare and Contrast Two Approaches to Counselling

    Consequently it is rarely possible to make absolute distinction and oppositions between modality. Unlike most CBT and medical model therapies, humanistic practise is orientated towards growth not cure and unlike most psychoanalytical therapies; humanistic practise is actively relational and unrestricted.

  2. Social Work Methods. The essay will also depict the underlying theory that underpins ...

    Howe (2009) stresses this to an extreme by asking ?why do so many psychological sciences theories clash, disagree, argue and dismiss one another? (Howe, 2009, p3). I believe that the fundamental aim is give social workers the tools and a level of understanding to try and empower service users to

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work