Discuss the scientific nature of sociology.

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Discuss the scientific nature of sociology:

The best way in which we can discuss the scientific nature of sociology is by taking a look at the definitions of science and sociology, also the history or origin of sociology.

Science can be defined as the systematic study of the structure and behaviour of the physical and natural world through observation and experiments.

Systematic study of the origin and constitution of human society, in particular of social order and social change, social conflict and social problems. It studies institutions such as the family, law, and the church, as well as concepts such as norm, role, and culture. Sociology attempts to study people in their social environment according to certain underlying moral, philosophical, and political codes of behaviour.

Sociology arose in the 19th century in an attempt to understand the far-reaching changes in human society due to industrialization, urbanization, and the development of new types of political systems. Although its primary focus is still on current society, it makes comparisons with pre-industrial societies and draws on such related disciplines as history, politics, economics, psychology, philosophy, and anthropology.

As a social science, sociology deals with human behaviour in its social settings, in particular it investigates how societies reproduce themselves, develop and change, and also the nature, causes, and effects of social relations and interaction among individuals, and between individuals and groups. Sociology is concerned with the regularities and patterns of human behaviour, and with such things as the family, law, religion, class, ethnicity and race, gender, poverty, politics, aggression, education, communication, work, social change, health, and social movements. It employs such concepts as social organization, culture, roles, values, symbols, and ritual.

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Modern sociology uses several methods, including controlled experimentation, participant observation, and statistical analysis, this is sociology in its scientific nature. It covers a variety of traditions and theoretical views, including functionalism (a view of society as a system made up of a number of organized parts, all interacting on the basis of a common value system), structuralism (objects that are analysed as systems of relations), symbolic interactionism (the behaviour of individuals and small groups through observation and description, viewing people's appearance, gestures, and language as symbols they use to interact with others in social situations), Marxism(the political and economic theories ...

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