• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13
  14. 14

Examine the Distinction between Liberal and Authoritarian Police Forces

Extracts from this document...


Transfer-Encoding: chunked Surname DISTINCTION BETWEEN LIBERAL AND AUTHORITARIAN POLICE FORCE. By (Name) Course Professor University Date The Police force in England and the USA was invented roughly between the years 1825 to 1865 so as to counter the rise in crime rates during that period. In addition to plummeting crime rates, the elites used the police force to act in instances of collective actions such as defiant crowds and riots. In the contemporary society, police force and policing play a critical role in post-conflict development. The duty of police officers is to enforce the laws of the society as well as ensure citizens and property are safe. Police are also used in reconciliation process as well as ensuring that they manage conflict in such a way that chances of reoccurrence are minimal. Criminologists and international relation experts divide policing into two major sections i.e. the authoritarian police force and the liberal police force. It is, therefore, imperative to note that international relationship experts define liberal police force as composed of police officers that are non-conservative people that foster equality and liberty, they have personal beliefs that the government should be proactive in supporting social and political changes whereas some international relation analysts describe authoritarian police force as those police officers that favor and enforce strict obedience to the government at the expense of his freedom. This form of policing explains the intense brutality experienced in the police force (Derek 2004, 89). Authoritarian police force mainly are composed of two categories, the traditional authoritarian as well as the bureaucratic authoritarian police forces. The traditional authoritarian police force act is basing their belief that the person in authority i.e. the leader of the nation should be in power by all means. The ensure that the leader is in authority through dedicating all their loyalty to the ruling to party by fact that the leader rightfully owns the title of being a leader and that title should be at all time. ...read more.


They were more rational in acknowledging that criminal activities are not by the race a person belongs to but rather is innate or determined by a person's personality. Liberal police target was mainly demeanor rather than the race of the suspects. This research clearly showed that there is a difference between the liberal police force and the authoritarian police force (Paynich 2009, 97). Most people, both criminologists and police officers, agree that the best way to tackle political unrest or post-conflict situation is to use overwhelming force. This means of combating collective behavior such as riots, strikes, and political unrest justifies the ruthless nature of police officers as well as the use of lethal force towards the alleged threat. This point of view lead to police officers displaying paramilitary personalities that are mostly authoritarian in nature that is they shoot civilians in protests which are against the UN conventions on rules and regulations of war, battle where the police officers or military personnel are prohibited to kill an unarmed person or civilian. Therefore, it is imperative to train police officers on how to defuse tense circumstances (Williams. They can achieve this by acknowledging the importance of investigating a crime before deciding on the means to combat the crime or collective behavior. Most liberal police officers display the trait of being calm and allowing the suspect have their human rights and privileges at their disposal before they conclude their investigation concerning how the suspect is to the charges filed against him or her. This way of distracting the liberal police force from the authoritarian one is valid since we get to know the difference in the way authoritarian and liberal police officers approach a criminal case or a tense situation (Ortmeier 2010, 211). Also, liberal police officers adopt community policing program to combat criminal activities. This is contrary to the authoritarian police force that tend to be suspicious of everybody's character thus they cannot endow the community with the privilege of policing since they are suspects. ...read more.


Liberal thinkers view the enforcement of non-liberal policies, authoritarian, as a distortion to the conduct of the residents as well as the market. It is also imperative to note that some authoritarian policies have been very helpful and useful in maintaining a desirable society. An example is the China's one-child policy that has been effective in curbing the rapid population growth rate in China. The difference in the approach of enforcing policies by the police force shows a distinction between the liberal police force and the authoritarian police force (Cockell 2002, 92). In conclusion, the distinction between the liberal police force and authoritarian police force is valid the difference between the two is more substantial compared to the similarities. The Liberal police force is different from authoritarian police force in the approach to handling criminal suspects. A police officer is trained to be always suspicious of everybody's activities. They are also violent and ruthless while dealing with criminal suspects as compared to liberal police officers who are more democratic and tend to acknowledge that criminal suspects have their rights and freedom. Liberal police officers are calmer and smoother on criminal cases compared to the authoritarian police force. Another distinction between the liberal police force and the authoritarian police force is that the authoritarian police force uses a lot of force in calming collective behavior such as riots, protests, and political unrests. They use a lot of force since they believe that it is only by use of force that the police force can calm down political instabilities. This idea is contrary to the liberal perspective that advocated for calmness in handling political unrests such as strikes and protests. Liberal police force attaches themselves to the residents so as to establish a good relationship with the civilians who are helpful in community policing. On the contrary, the brutality of the authoritarian police force has made the drift between the police officers and civilians to widen. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Criminology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Criminology essays

  1. Comparative policing systems

    From a more general perspective, in UK structure is decentralized compared to continental system, and there are local police forces with the help of these information, but Northern Ireland has a different system based on colonial system (Mawby, 1992). It is possible, in terms of structure, to say that police is decentralized, unarmed, and civilian force (Mawby, 1990).

  2. What do you understand by the terms prejudice and discrimination and stereotyping? Discuss ...

    Simply put, discrimination is the unfair treatment of a group or individual. Such unfair treatment, usually targeted at minorities, is often described as an -ism, such as ageism, chauvinism, sexism or racism. Each one of these terms will stir different feelings or levels of distaste, dependent upon the reader's own prejudices or point of view.

  1. Does the Police and Evidence Act 1984 (PACE) and its codes of practice successfully ...

    his arrest, the arrest is not lawful, as also stated by the Convention oh Human Rights (English and Card, 2005). Also when arresting the suspect the police officer have the duty to alert the suspect that he have ?the right to remain silent? ((Jason- Lloyd, 2005; 64).

  2. Critically examine the suggestion that punishment today is as much about risk management as ...

    It is what the criminal justice agencies do that is measured rather than what it achieves. Garland (1996, p. 202) argues that actuarial techniques are not merely vehicles for more effective implementation of punishment and policy in fact they are becoming the actual objective of punishment and penal policy.

  1. Why has the United Kingdom adopted CCTV technology with such enthusiasm and how effective ...

    Further to his, 5 schemes had a null effect on crime and no notable impact was made. Furthermore, the concluded that CCTV had the most positive impact on car parks, whereas it appeared that for public transportation and the city centre and public housing, there was little to no impact.

  2. Is Police Brutality Ever Justified?

    In areas where there may not be enough evidence to prosecute but there is certainty an individual committed a particular crime, a confession may be the last effort to sentence a suspect. This may occur in countries where there may be higher crime rates and lower conviction rates due to an incompetent judicial system.

  1. Discuss the different academic responses to contemporary criticisms of the old police. How helpful ...

    Law enforcement was not only left to the constables but to the ?watchmen? as well. ?Night watchmen patrolled the streets between 9 or 10 pm until sunrise, and were expected to examine all suspicious characters? (Emsley, C , Hitchcock, T and Shoemaker, R 2011).

  2. Perceptions of wrongful convictions amongst Americans working in the criminal justice system.

    and Bost 1997; Protess and Warden 1998; Walker and Starmer 1999; Radelet, Bedau, and Putnam 1994; Radin 1964; Scheck et al. 2000.) Researching the phenomenon of wrongful conviction, for a variety of reasons, is a difficult task to undertake. The hidden nature of so many aspects of this problem creates

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work