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Hate Crimes in America

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Introduction

´╗┐Hate Crimes in America Robert Bowie Holland COM 172 March 28, 2012 Kim Martin ________________ Hate Crimes in America America is the land of the free, a nation in which any person from any walk of life should be able to come and live in peace, walk down any street in any neighborhood unmolested, something hatred will not allow. Hate-crimes in America come in many colors, races, and religions. One thing, which is certain, no one race color or religion is more hateful for such crimes than the other. Many hate-crimes just seem to be hidden more from view than others, and even interpreted so as not to be a hate crime. According to the Office of Justice Programs, hate-crimes, do not just cause, physical injuries to its victims, the damages to the victims are far reaching, inasmuch as they cause, psychological, and emotional damage to the victims. Fear and humiliation go hand-in-hand with hate-crimes and can also endanger lives of innocent citizens when not properly addressed. Hate- crime offenders commit all types of crime depending, on what motivates the offender. Offenders usually provide evidence that hate prompted their actions, regardless of whether it was a violent crime or even a crime against property. ...read more.

Middle

(5) Asian/Pacific Islander account for 0.7% of the known incidents. (6) Unknown races accounted for 10.2% of the known incidents. The "Offenders - Hate Crime Statistics, 2009" (2009) website In 2010 statistics showed that nearly half 47.3% of hate-crimes, were reported as racially motivated, 20% motivated because of religion 19.3% motivated due to sexual orientation and 12.8% were motivated due to ethnicity whereas 0.6% motivated due to disability. Data regarding Hate-crimes comes from two main sources ?The Federal Bureau of investigation (FBI) Uniform Crime Reporting Program and the bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)?. Accurate estimates remain elusive. Unfortunately, data collected by each agency, differs making assessing the prevalence of hate crimes, difficult to predict accurately. ("Hate Crimes In America: The Debate Continues", 2007). Despite the fact that America; has its first African American President, African Americans still seem to be frequent victims of hate-crimes. Hispanics and undocumented immigrants have risen to be by far, one of the easiest targets of hate crimes. ?A report conducted by the ?Southern Poverty Law Center? (SPLC) contends these incidents against Hispanics increased in 2010 for the second year. ...read more.

Conclusion

14 states have laws protecting age, while seven have laws protecting political affiliation. Reports show what motivates hate-crimes, and race; is in the top spot with; 55.4% of all hate-crime incidents, followed by association; at 30.7%, ethnicity at 28.7%, sexual orientation at 18%, perceived characteristic with 13.7%, religion at 12.9%, and disability with 11.2%. The "Hate Crimes In America: The Debate Continues" (2007) website At first Americans might expect to learn that; the term ?Hate-Crime? came from some politician, or law maker trying to gain attention for him or herself. That was this student?s first guess. ?The term ?hate-crime? was coined back in the 1980?s by journalist and policy advocates who were attempting to describe a series of incidents directed at, African Americans, Jews, and Asians.? The Federal Bureau of Investigation also refers to hate crimes as a bias crime. The "Hate Crimes In America: The Debate Continues" (2007) website The Leadership Conference. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.civilrights.org/publications/hatecrimes/ LCCR Education Fund. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.civilrights.org Offenders - Hate crime statistics, 2009. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.2.fbi.go/ucr/hc2008/offenders.html Confronting the New Faces of Hate: Hate Crimes in America. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.civilrights.org/publications/hatecrimes/ Office of Justice Programs Fact Sheet. (2011). Retrieved from http://ojp.gov/newsroom/factsheet/ojpfs_hatecrimeshtml Hate Crimes in America: The Debate Continues. (2007). Retrieved from http://www.nij.gov/journals/257/hate-crime.html Anti-Latino Hate Crimes Rise As Immigratiom Debate Intensifies. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/10/17/antilatino-hate-crime-rise-immigration/ ...read more.

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