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How does the notion of harm reveal the entangled relationships between social welfare and crime control?

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Introduction

´╗┐Tsidi Henderson How does the notion of harm reveal the entangled relationships between social welfare and crime control? Illustrate your answer with reference to at least TWO chapters from Book 1. Merriam-Webster's dictionary of law describes harm as injury, loss of, or damage to a persons right, property or physical or mental well-being. Harm may be associated with an individual or potentially society as a whole known as social harm. For the purposes of revealing how social welfare and crime control are entangled we will focus on social harm. Social harm focuses on particular actions within society that may cause unrest such racism, discrimination, inequality or poverty because these actions produce social exclusion for certain groups. Social harm has led to cries for social justice over time which have, ?shaped both social welfare and crime control policies.? (Newman & Yeates, 2008, p.26) Social welfare is mainly aimed at creating social well being by producing social supports, increasing social inclusion and social equality whereas crime control aims mainly at creating social stability, order and security by addressing those seen as a threat. (Newman & Yeates, 2008, p.12) Social welfare and crime control are said to be entangled because, although on the surface they seem to be two separate functions in practice they are actually connected and work hand in hand. ...read more.

Middle

The law enforcers became the criminals to society by refusing to help those in need to protect the welfare of those who were not affected. We have to remember that those people reporting these facts were the victims and would therefore have not considered the welfare of those who were in the protected areas. It would be wrong to imply that crime was not a concern, because it was. Neumayr believes that Katrina just exposed the extent of the crimes that were already occurring in New Orleans. (Neumayr quoted in Mooney,G,2008,p.107) Were the people to blame for not having social services available to them? US government policy seemed to blame the poor for their situation and it showed through their budget cuts on social services to construct the, ?vast homeland security and anti-terror drive? (Graham, 2006, pp.109) Although anti terror drives were important and seen as a means of social welfare especially after 9/11, theses crime control policies to maintain the peoples well being actually stole from the resources the people needed at the time Katrina hit. The key institutions of social welfare including health, security, shelter and education were not available and thus a social divide was formed. ...read more.

Conclusion

This showed how mixed up the policies were- crime control policies were meant to maintain order and keep people safe and yet they created social division, exclusion and fear for the black population. Social welfare and crime control should work hand in hand but they don't and instead they are entangled in a web that makes them contradict what their aims should be. Word Count 1856 REFERENCE Clarke, J. (2008) 'Looking for social justice:welfare states and beyond', pp.51, in Clarke, J. (eds) Social Justice: Welfare, Crime and Society. Maidenhead, Open University Press. Cochrane, A. and Walters, R. (2008) ' The globalisatiton of social justice', pp. 150-3, in Cochrane, A. and Walters, R. (eds) Social Justice: Welfare, Crime and Society. Maidenhead, Open University Press. Graham, S (2006) 'Cities under seige: Katrina and the politics of metropolitan America' [online], 11 June; available at 'Understanding Katrina:perspectives from the social sciences' [SSRC online forum], http://understandingkatrina.ssrc.org/Graham (Accessed 3 May 2007) Mooney, G. (2008) ' Problem populations, problem places', pp. 101-7, in Mooney, G. (eds) Social Justice: Welfare, Crime and Society. Maidenhead, Open University Press. Newman, J. and Yeates, N. (2008) 'Making social justice:ideas,struggles and responses' , pp.12,15,26, in Newman, J. and Yeates, N. (eds) Social Justice: Welfare, Crime and Society. Maidenhead, Open University Press. ...read more.

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