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University Degree: Human & Social Geography

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  1. Bottom Billion. Currently, most of the bottom billion people live in African countries. The major problem with these countries is not that they are poor, but that they are not developing.

    Currently, most of the bottom billion people live in African countries. The major problem with these countries is not that they are poor, but that they are not developing. In fact, most of the bottom billion countries are experiencing negative growth and the living standards are lowering each year. These countries are declining on average 0.5 percent per year. Furthermore, the living conditions are horrible and people are dying at a very early age. The life expectancy in these countries is fifty years while in a developing country is sixty-seven years. These lowering standard of living and negative growth are mainly because the country is in one of the four traps.

    • Word count: 1721
  2. Doctor Today, Nurse Tomorrow: The Filipino Occupational Degeneration. I find it ridiculous and shocking that in the past few years, a significant number of Filipino doctors have willingly chosen to degenerate themselves to nurses. There is absolutely noth

    I prematurely concluded that I possessed the winning edge among all hopefuls of my age who hanker to become doctors. Sadly, my auspiciousness and restless desire were not enough to combat the extremely arduous tasks encumbered unto me by my extra science subjects. I came to realize over my junior and senior year that being a doctor required indefatigable memorization of seemingly inutile terms such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the scientific name of yeast. Whenever I imagine my doctor's clinic having no single trace of yeast, I kept on questioning myself why I needed to con these two words.

    • Word count: 1888
  3. Demographic trends and how they affect Russia.

    A share of those of 65+ years old was 13,7%. It two times exceeded the international standard according to which the nation is considered old. As a result for one thousand of working people there were 276 children and 323 pensioners, and it can fatally affect the national economy. Experts consider that the main cause of demographic crisis is high death rate. Statistical review Before considering major trends of the demographic situation in Russia it is worth observing the data of the previous years. Here is the statistical information concerning demographic situation in our country for the last three years.

    • Word count: 1436
  4. Walking and Parkour, it is evident that while walking as a leisure activity and parkour have some similarities, they are both regarded quite differently in the societies that produced them

    to do this as a pleasure. Individuals from poor and less fortunate backgrounds were restricted from performing this activity as during those times they had little to no time to spare. Prior to this, people who were found, 'walking around' were punished by laws designed to stop this from occurring (Urry 2007:64). Suddenly we have barriers of power between the individual and the government which as will later be discussed is something that the practice parkour cannot relate to as the power was in the hands of those who performed int.

    • Word count: 1761
  5. The Flynn Effect: Are we getting more intelligent?

    and the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) and found that test scores were increasing each decade by up to .06 IQ points per year between 1930 and 1990. The test scores have been continuous and roughly linear from when testing begun to present (Hiscock, 2007). Although Flynn's research has given evidence to support that IQ levels are rising, it is still unclear as to why this is happening. Dramatic increases in IQ levels have proved puzzling to researchers in the field of intelligence, as no explanation has been yet accepted.

    • Word count: 1775
  6. Confucian ethics can help todays businesses succeed

    Also, employees who handle cash transactions accurately on a regular basis can receive an award. Another Confucian ethic that can help a company succeed is loyalty. Loyalty in business means employees are satisfied with their work and with their company and are less likely to leave. This helps the company because it is more costly to hire and train a new employee. To help create company loyalty, I would use promotions and awards to help keep my employees satisfied. Courteousness (Li) is another Confucian ethic that is important in today's business world. Courteousness in business means treating customers with good manners and good service.

    • Word count: 1435
  7. Migration, Diaspora and Transnationalism. Migration is an aggregation of individual behaviours into the social forms, usually not being explained by a single or constant theory as it is a combinated competing paradigm with trade-offs between differentiat

    The risk minimization approach was built upon the segmented market theory which consists of varies sub-groups and hierachy of labours, with different remuneration or fringe benefits, and it is the decision of migrants to choose where to settle. Another strategy the writer gave is family network in which migrants were settled for generations and the risk of unintended consequences would be minimized. The world system theory, by Immanuel Wallerstein, suggested that migration is driven by the global economy through the expansion of Europe by setting up colonies from fifteen century, and resulting in the recent globalization of transnational corporations.

    • Word count: 1831
  8. I Got the Blues

    But since a TAN provided this information to the public, some viewers may make feeding children in Africa their agenda, too. They can put pressure on their government to increase food aid or enter diplomatic relations with the government of the starving nation. TANs can also directly put pressure on a state to enact a policy change. An example of this is the "boomerang effect," where oppressed individuals in State A who cannot negotiate with their government communicate with an NGO in State B who can put pressure on State B's government to put pressure on State A.

    • Word count: 1896
  9. Different types of commitment in marketing

    On the other hand, online service might make some customer feel more comfortable as they can ignore the aggressive service providers, so if the company does well in the online service, they can also increase the commitment to their customer.Moreover, the traditional service encounters are still preferred because the Internet cannot reproduce all of the pretended social elements (Sauer and Burton.

    • Word count: 1512
  10. Social Exclusion

    There has even been a recent study in the United Kingdom (UK) which came up with the shocking result, that the majority of crimes are committed by people who are not being welcomed and accepted by their society, i.e. being socially excluded (UKSEU, 2001). Yet, social exclusion can strike anyone. Having an on-going and constantly improving technology as well as economic welfare, people are persistently undergoing change. These adjustments promote people but in tandem leave others behind. Humans who belong to the less privileged faction or minority social groups are though often found to be more assailable of facing social segregation.

    • Word count: 1401
  11. The image of gun as a cultural image

    In traditional cultures, the image of gun symbolizes such power, manhood and masculinity. This type of culture still prevails and can resist to or isolate itself from popular culture. People have gun to feel secure or show themselves more powerful than they seem. Having a gun is a product of traditional culture. It can also be observed in Turkish culture. In many houses in which traditional culture reigns, some kinds of gun are perceived as a crucial part. When a child is born, a kind of gun or weapon is given to him or her. These societies are mainly patriarchal.

    • Word count: 1875
  12. Free essay

    America Needs Socialized Medicine

    There are many people in America who do not have health care because they cannot afford it and a lot of times these are the people who need it the most. Are not the lives of children, older folks, and those with low income just as valuable as the middle to upper class? It is true that there is Medicare or Medicaid provided for some, but not everything under that system is covered. Sered and Fernandopulle point out that "in 2003, Medicaid covered only slightly more than half of the Americans whose family income was below 200 percent of the poverty line" (1).

    • Word count: 1102
  13. Contaminacin del aire

    llama a m�s l�deres a sumarse a una estrategia global de prevenci�n, as� como Fidel Castro que acaba de anunciar el cambio de su hist�rica frase "Patria o Muerte" hacia "Vida o Muerte" en virtud de comunicar su preocupaci�n por el tema. Cuando las personas son entrevistadas en las zonas urbanas identifican la contaminaci�n del aire con cosas como: el humo gris que emanan los medios de transporte motorizados (motos, veh�culos, buses, etc.), afecciones en los ojos, malestar en la garganta, expulsiones de gases de las industrias, entre otros.

    • Word count: 1235
  14. The social construction of race

    Yet in the UK and across the western world developed discourses of race still exist - alleged 'biological attributes \ characteristics', most obvious being skin colour, have transformed into racial signifiers indicating class, intellect and behaviour (among others) leading to the construction of marginality. The idea of Racialization proposes that race does not exist outside of representation and is wholly a social construct where 'ethnicity', in this case 'blackness' carries pre-conceived assumptions and expectations - our society has become 'racialized'.

    • Word count: 1695
  15. to what extent did the lack of development contribute to the 2004 asian tsunami?

    A country also needs to have the necessary technology to set up relief efforts just after a disaster strikes. The death toll will be higher if there is little or no relief efforts made. Setting up the communications infrastructure to issue timely warnings is an even bigger problem, particularly in a relatively poor part of the world where development in technology is poor. You will also need the development in infrastructure to maximize the safety of the people. The buildings must not be built on floodplains as the stability is very weak.

    • Word count: 1403
  16. Is Globalization A Good Thing Discuss With Reference To Economics

    British coal fired power plants causing acid rain in Scandinavia. Intensification of flows - It is generally accepted that the world is more connected and easily accessible than at any point in its history. There are modern media technologies, telecommunications and of course the internet. Also there are more flight routes and flights than ever before. Events occurring on the other side of the planet can no longer be desensitivitised by distance. Increasing economic interpenetration - brands like Coca Cola, KFC, and McDonalds are now found around the planet. Also films and television programmes are sold globally. This brings western type culture and business practices to differing cultures and societies.

    • Word count: 1724

    Crime rates remained high in the slum areas but were reduced in the suburbs suggesting that it was the environment responsible for crime rates rather than a particular immigrant group. In the slum areas Shaw and his collaborators through methods like participant observation found young men had formed gangs which had there own distinctive sub-cultures where criminal behaviour was an accepted norm. These youths had been involved in a culture in which delinquent behaviour is prescribed and criminally defined behaviour patterns are acquired in a social and cultural setting (1)(Quinney).

    • Word count: 1758
  18. Aids in Africa. Today the virus has spread rapidly and 22 million people are living with AIDS in Africa since the end of 2007. In this past year 1.5 have died in the Sub-Saharan African region according to Avert, which is an international AIDS charity.

    He walked away and was never heard from again. Doctor's froze his sample and forgot about it. It wasn't until a quarter century later, in the mid-1980's that researchers studying the growing AIDS epidemic took another look at the blood and discovered it contained HIV, which is the virus that causes AIDS. This was the oldest specimen of the AIDS virus ever isolated and may be the answer to how the virus was transferred from animals, monkeys or chimpanzees, to humans(Time). Today the virus has spread rapidly and 22 million people are living with AIDS in Africa since the end of 2007.

    • Word count: 1534
  19. Lewis and Clark

    Members of this particular journey will have to be equipped with certain attributes. The members chosen must be intelligent, literate, physically fit enough to complete the journey, posses survival skills, and other skills unique to each man. There is a wide variety of individuals from this time that could take part in this expedition. I would choose men based on their individual qualifications and experiences. I would proceed to gather an array of candidates, first I would take a few individuals with a military background, second I would have a few candidates with specialties in geography and map making, thirdly

    • Word count: 1478
  20. Social and Cultural Continuity and Change

    Doi Moi reforms have lead to increasing migration to urban areas, younger generations have moved out of home to live at work in cities where there is access to higher level education (families may send the children to cities to supplement family income) this has lead to the break up of homes. As a result young Vietnamese people from the same region band together in the cities to form surrogate families, who take on the traditional role of the families they have left back in rural areas.

    • Word count: 1361
  21. How has the notion of community been used in Government policies?

    This was a drastic change from the previous Conservative government. 'The 'Thatcher revolution', fuelled by social, political and economic change, was committed to a 'dismantling of the protective elements of state welfare, to breaking the power of the organised labour movement and to a reaffirmation of market forces that would bring poverty and unemployment to unprecedented levels' (Novak, 1998, in Ledwith, 2005, p.15). Thatcher's famous speech in 1987 stated 'there is no such thing as society. There are individual men and women, and there are families' (Thatcher, 1987, in Lund, 1999, p.449).

    • Word count: 1680
  22. Understanding Geography

    Since the 1960's, geography has rapidly changed with the progression of the computer. The computer allows geographers to create and use programs that enable us to digitally produce maps. This brought forth the study of Geographical Information Systems, known as GIS. GIS is a "computer system capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations" ("What"). Even though most people have never heard of GIS, it is in their daily lives. For example, a map of a park could have been made with GIS, and a common person might have never noticed it.

    • Word count: 1345
  23. : Critically analyse the ways in which the figure of the dangerous youth is produced in the mediascape

    It's everywhere, T.V., Radio, Movies and Video games, and violence, s*x, drugs and crime are what help media sell the most. Now that's a sick to think about, but very true. Media is such a broad topic that we chose to narrow down to what we felt are the most influencing on today's youth. Television and Video Games. Things that wouldn't be your number one guess on where your child is learning things, but are two of the highest concerns society has for its children, and the numbers are increasing dramatically.

    • Word count: 1689

    Studies which led to vast debates over the differences of considering physical attractiveness in choosing a potential mate amongst sexes have been conducted, with some studies like (Speed & Gangestad, 1997) suggesting that females value physical attractiveness than males which contradicts the meta- analysis by Felngold (1990) which stated that both sexes value physical attractiveness but males value it more than females. Conclusively physical attractiveness is a significant determinant in choosing a potential mate. There are ample evidence which suggest that people who are similar in physical appearance are likely to attract each other and are likely not to break up (Garcia & Khersonsky, 1996 & Felngold, 1988b )

    • Word count: 1716

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Discuss whether good governance depoliticises development, and if it does, discuss the negative or positive implications of such.

    "Conclusion The writing made attempts to discuss whether 'good governance' depoliticise development. It further discussed the probable positive and/or negative implications of the phenomenon, if it were, for development theory and practice in the current epoch. A variety of issues were reflected upon, mostly invoking the observable conflation of good governance with adoption of neo-liberal policies. In most cases, reference was made to third world and Africa in particular. Pause! 1 United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Human Settlements, What is Good Governance?"

  • Briefly describe and evaluate Piaget(TM)s theory of cognitive development, taking into account some of criticism that have been made .

    "Conclusion Despite the numerous objections and criticism to Piaget's theory of cognitive development, he was in fact the first psychologist to even look at how children see the world and as a consequence initiated a vast amount of further study into the area. In those terms he has made a substantial contribution to our understanding and appreciation of this complex subject area. Much of his theory has been directly applied and accepted in modern education. Many of the criticisms of Piaget surround his underestimation of childhood abilities and also the age at which the cognitive developments are said to take place. It is not however, disputed that the changes themselves do in fact occur, so in that respect, Piaget's work has been and still is greatly significant. Never the less, Piaget's ideas still maintain a vital influence in both general psychology and contemporary education."

  • This paper attempts to analyse how and in what ways the Chinese diaspora interacts with Indonesian ethnic policies towards Chinese. It focuses on the commoditisation of Chineseness and explores the social networking of Chinese diaspora in order to underst

    "4. Conclusion This could be understand by the ideology of Chineseness is constantly changing. Ethnic identity is not only based upon race, blood, tradition and ancestry but also may varies from generation to generation shaped by local circumstances. In discussing the causes and development of four conflicts in Indonesia, the degree of integration of the diaspora group within the host society has important implication for potential security challenges. Among the underlying factors, political disputes and economic and social disparities outweighed the other factors and played a more significant role in triggering the initial conflicts. 5. Reference: 1.Anderson, B.(1983). Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism, London: Verso. 2.Brah, A. (1996) Cartographies of Diaspora, Routledge, London. 3.Brynen R(2003). "Diaspora Populations and Security Issues in Host" 4.Chang-Yau Hoon(2004)' How to be Chinese Ethnic Chinese experience a 'reawakening' of their Chinese identity' Inside Indonesian Apr-Jun 2004 5.Human right watch, Indonesia Alert: Economic Crisis Leads to Scapegoating of Ethnic Chinese"

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