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University Degree: Human & Social Geography

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  1. To what extent is the west to blame for the failure of the global south to achieve economic growth?

    Along with products, the third world countries also export raw materials to the west aswell. The fact that this occurs can be seen as the west using the south just for their own benefit to reduce costs and help the development of their own economies and leaving the south in the poor state that they are still in. Also when it comes to agriculture the western markets will put up tariff barriers and subsidies will be given to domestic farmers with the EU being an example with (CAP).

    • Word count: 2679
  2. Conformity and Obedience. This essay defines the phenomenon of Conformity, Obedience and Deviance in the light of historic research and contemporary experiments. Concluding to the fact that deviance is a valuable Human attribute that makes our life what i

    Two might appear to be one and the same. However, historic researches have helped us analyze a major difference between them: Conformity: Conformity is the extent to which the individual will change his/ her perception and attitude to be in accordance with the group norms. Now these norms can either be explicit or implicit. As Fiske wrote that conformity is going with the crowd and showing adherence to the group norms. Furthermore, as per J. Jetten (2006), an individual must feel part of a group and this feeling must be evidently different than what one feels for other groups.

    • Word count: 2601
  3. Homelessness. Of course poverty is just a general effect from the corporate capitalist economy; however homelessness is one significant factor from poverty which highlights C. Wright Mills theory about private issues becoming public issues. Howev

    1 yet still managed to pay out"�375m to 323 people designated as "code" or key staff." 1, just a small example of what is really going on and as to why the majority of the population are suffering from the economy in many ways. Regardless of the fact that poverty is inevitable with a state ran as such it is the effects which it has had on the population which is significant. Perhaps people do not realise the extent of homelessness because of what a stereotypical homeless man looks like; bad hair, long beard, dirty, grubby and looking in bins - not a man in a suite who has been made 'redundant' who cannot feed his family or afford to pay rent so that they have to move in with their own family.

    • Word count: 2710
  4. Is Psychology a Science? This paper aims to discuss the differences between the natural sciences and social sciences. It further discusses the discipline of psychology as a science and as a discipline under the social sciences.

    One of the major branches that it holds is critical psychology. This paper aims to discuss the differences between the natural sciences and social sciences. It further discusses the discipline of psychology as a science and as a discipline under the social sciences. Natural sciences are defined as "disciplines that deal not only with natural events (i.e., independent and dependent variables in nature) using scientific methods."1 This serves as an umbrella discipline to other disciplines such as Biology, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Physiology and the like. Some scholars regard this discipline as exact and mature science because disciplines under natural sciences use one common language and methodology.

    • Word count: 2100
  5. This short paper will introduce and discuss following concepts: poverty, globalization, development, culture and cultural diversity. These are all important phenomenon, describing the world of rich and poor that we live in. Reducing the economic dispariti

    Poverty is therefore often described as the lack of goods consumed due to lack of necessary income. Living on less than 1 US Dollar is often called "absolute poverty" or "extreme poverty" whereas "poor" is commonly used for living on 2 dollar a day. These are measured in "purchasing power parity" dollars1 (Thomas 2000). However, income is not the only factor that matters. Poor health is frequently recognized as a major aspect of destitution. It can be measured in various ways, for example using statistics of infant and child mortality, life expectancy, and malnourishment (Goldin and Reinert 2007).

    • Word count: 2180
  6. Immigration. There are different kinds of Immigration that have cropped up since World War II in Europe. This essay will explain and analyse the cause of this such as the push and pull forces and Lees model.

    (emigrationexpert.co.uk: N/D). They fall into five categories: physical, demographic, economic, social and political factors. Examples of 'push forces' branch from ill health, natural disaster, harsh climate, inaccessibility, to unemployment, poverty, heavy taxes, civil unrest, ethnic cleansing...etc. Examples of 'pull forces' are a hazard-free environment, family or ethnic ties, high living standards, better salary, good welfare services, freedom of speech, propaganda...etc. However, there is a much more detailed theory to why people immigrate, which is known as 'Lee's model'. It sees the places of departure and arrival as possessing a series of attributes. Each person perceives these attribute another way, depending on individual characteristics such as age, gender, marital status, socio-economic class and education.

    • Word count: 2635
  7. The Occupational Degeneration of Filipino Americans Caused by Racism. A Filipino doctor who ends up being a nurse at a small hospice in Oklahoma City, an eminent high school principal in a Quezon City private school who downgrades to an obscure 8th grade

    According to the 2007 American Community Survey published by the U.S. Census Bureau, 3,053,179 Filipinos permanently reside in the United States of America and this makes the Filipino population the second largest Asian-American minority group in the United States (http://factfinder. census.gov). Coming only five-hundred thousand people short than the Chinese, the Filipino-American population is expected to overtake the Chinese-American population and ultimately become the largest Asian-American minority group by the end of the 21st century (San Juan 6). The commencement of the influx of Filipinos to the United States dates back to the 18th century.

    • Word count: 2060
  8. Is Cognitive Therapy an Efficacious Treatment for Depression?

    Similarly, IPT emphasised resolution of interpersonal problems and builded interpersonal skills. However, recent studies have questioned the efficacy of CBT and IPT in treating depression, suggesting that the effectiveness of treating depression with psychotherapies were grossly over estimated and it is not as effective as pharmacotherapy. Therefore, the controversial topic of whether CBT is an efficacious treatment for depression needs to be explored further before a conclusion can be made on how to effective CBT is in treating depression. Efficaciousness Evidence based practice (EBP)

    • Word count: 2393
  9. The Diagnosis, Etiology and Treatment of Attention-Deficit/hyperactivity Disorder from a Neuroscience Perspective

    Therefore, the current essay explores this topic further, comparing both the neuroscientific and the socio-cultural model of ADHD, concluding that while both sides provide valid arguments no consensus has been found yet and further research should be done. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder of childhood onset, which can continue into adulthood, and is characterized by problems with concentration, impulse control and overactivity. The disorder has been extensively studied, with several thousands of peer-reviewed papers in the scientific literature (Brassett-Harknett and Butler, 2005).

    • Word count: 2576
  10. Human Development. There are many aspects to take into consideration when discussing countries that has a high level of human development from others that do not. Some countries have maintained a steady growing development rate while others can`t seem to

    An example of this could be weather issues such as hurricanes, earthquakes, tsunamis and factors that have to do with disease or outbreaks. This example is at an international level, a level for the whole countries aspect while we look at places with high human development such as the United States or Canada and we see that there are very few places that experience those types of damages. The amount of money a family has can fluctuate the rate of growth in a more family orientated aspect.

    • Word count: 2825
  11. China report

    In china there is no strike, no conflict because of the lack of freedom of speech, as a result there is no interruption of production so less unforeseen costs. As we know, China is one of the countries where corruption is the most present, by consequence the country has a bad reputation. Economic evidence suggests that high levels of corruption significantly reduce the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), level of international trade, and economic growth rate. By siphoning off profits, corrupt politicians and bureaucrats reduce the returns to business investment and, hence, reduce the incentive of both domestic on foreign businesses to invest in that country.

    • Word count: 2950
  12. Proposal of Development of Environmental Education in Hong Kong. Aim - develop a mechanism for enhancing Hong Kong government and NGOs cooperation in implementing Environmental education and public awareness activities.

    Although some projects initiated innovative educational programmes, they are usually mediocre and not making any significant impact on the society because they are small in scale, scattered and occurring in isolation. These efforts alone are not enough to foster the cause of environmental education in the region. It is, therefore, necessary to develop the mechanism of internal cooperation that promotes and fosters the forces, expeditious in the implementation of environmental education at the grassroots. 3. Objectives and Target Groups The Environmental Education Project would not only undertake a "study," but also "put its findings into practice."

    • Word count: 2877
  13. The Modernization of American Mobility The Transformation of Diners on the Open Road

    1 The development of diners is as a result of widespread automobility in America. John Jakle and Keith Sculle, scholars from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champagne, noted in their study on fast food restaurants in the United States that diners are a "generational subculture built substantially around cars". 2 Diners began as lunch wagons designed to meet to the demands of New England factory workers in the 1890s. Those workers, running on tight schedules, relied on diners for its convenience and cheap and quick meals.

    • Word count: 2642
  14. Attachment

    Bowlby emphasises a critical period whereby if a child had not experienced attachment or bonding in it's first two-and -a-half years of life, then irreversible damage would result and no further amount of good mothering would undo it. Bowlby went as far as so suggest that lack of bonding at this early stage, or maternal deprivation (1) as he termed it, would result in later personality disorders, including 'affectionless phsychopathy'. There have been many criticisms of Bowlby's work regarding his insistence that the mother should be the primary carer for the child.

    • Word count: 2738
  15. Mississippi

    (Mississippi Slave Laws Summary and Record , 2004) The slaves in Mississippi mainly resided on cotton plantation. Before the invention of the cotton gin, the slaves had to manually hand pick the seeds out of the cotton plants. The average plantation owner owned 14.1 slaves. They tended to cultivate both corn and cotton because of their complimentary growth cycles. Slave uprisings and other insurrections forced legislature to find ways of regulating the massive slave population. Slave laws or "black codes" were introduced. Mississippi government even made it clear that freemen were not wanted there. Offenders would be sold into slavery, regardless of status. Runaway slaves were to be captured and returned to their owners at all costs.

    • Word count: 2485
  16. What is meant by the term social construction of childhood

    His assertion was that 'mediaeval society childhood did not exist'3. Children of that era were expected to act accordingly; they were expected to participate in all aspects of social life alongside their parents. Foul language, sexual acts, death were all permitted in their presence. Children had no formal education and did the same work as their parents or worked in the fields. They did not get special protection or treatment at this time, children were punished by the law for the same antics that adults were and to the same severity.

    • Word count: 2219
  17. With Reference to examples, compare and contrast the impact made by Mesolithic and Neolithic peoples on Irelands cultural landscape

    Around 9,000 years ago at the end of the Palaeolithic era, there began a new period in history, known as the Mesolithic Age (Greek mesos "middle" and lithos "stone"). It is during this time the first settlers came to Ireland from Scotland ("It is thought that these settlers first colonized the northeast of the country from Scotland. Although sea levels were still lower than they are today, Ireland was probably already an island by the time the first settlers arrived by boat. There is nothing surprising in this, though, for most of the Mesolithic sites in Ireland are coastal settlements.

    • Word count: 2820
  18. What can representations of criminal women tell us about our anxieties regarding the other?

    Our anxieties regarding the "other" here are shown not just through the judgements put upon these criminal women, but in how they are portrayed in the popular media and films. Case Study One: Myra Hindley. This is possibly the most famous British murder case in Britain. The infamous mug shot was taken when she was arrested and still haunts the public today. Myra Hindley in her mug shot is emotionless and stern looking; evoking hate and anger from the public after the media published the picture.

    • Word count: 2207
  19. Summary of the rural planning and sustainable rural development

    Therefore, the writer explained the importance of thorough understanding of rural-urban relations in regional context and claimed that the different degrees and forms of integration of the national economy in the world system determine the pattern of rural-urban transformation. Chapter Two reviewed the trends of poverty and rural-urban disparities in the south and southeast Asia. Lo and Saliah assessed the dualism and disparities between rural and urban sectors by using a holistic macro-spatial framework characterised by the spatial organisation of rural-urban relations.

    • Word count: 2505
  20. Equality between men and women within the European Union

    During the 17th century, some significant changes occurred. The first women writers appeared, although the major part of female writers still published their pieces under the cover of a male name. The most famous writers were Rachel Speght, Katherine Evans, and Margaret Fell. Since no woman before them had dared to be so outspoken, this opened other doors for female artists. It is safe to say that from the 17th century, the role of women started changing- slowly, but steadily. The 18th century is not by chance called the 'Age of Enlightment'- change over treatment of ladies was great.

    • Word count: 2756
  21. United nations report

    2.0 Key sustainability issues The main issue for the UNEP is potentially climate change as fossil fuels are continuously used and also, the use and protecting ecosystems by attempting to have a total green economy. "The defining issue for many is climate change - not just because it presents a multitude of very real threats, but because it provides tangible opportunities to make progress on a wide range of sustainable development issues. By pursuing a green economy based on efficient and equitable resource use we can not only cut down greenhouse gas emissions and protect essential ecosystems, but reinvigorate national

    • Word count: 2275
  22. The emergence in London(TM)s Labour market of occupational as well as income polarisation, and of a migrant division of labour

    (Susan. Fainstein, pg 112). If anything evidence provided implies that such cities are prone to extremes in inequality (Friedmann 1986) with the argument that cities of Global-City status tend to have huge levels of polarization. As stated by Friedmann, "class polarization has three principal facets: huge income gaps between transnational elites and low-skilled workers, large-scale immigration from rural areas or from abroad and structural trends in evolution of jobs" . Sassen (2001) also defines occupational polarization as the increase in the number of highly paid and low-paid workers and to the decline in the number of middle-income workers, both of which result from the shift from manufacturing to financial and business services which is seen as particularly marked in Global cities.

    • Word count: 2308
  23. Child Development essay

    How a child is raised by their family can influence how a child develops. Family's beliefs and morals will create certain opportunities for a child but may remove or restrict others. However, which of these factors can shape the development of children in their first ten years, and how severe or long lasting may they be. With this in mind, two factors that can be considered are bereavement and sexual abuse. Child sexual abuse has no universal definition. However, a fundamental characteristic of child sexual abuse is the central position of an adult that allows him or her to force or coerce a child into sexual activity.

    • Word count: 2136
  24. adults social work

    Although the idea behind the Community Care Act 1990 was to maintain people at home, during my time as a carer with the local authorities, only once have I seen anyone with Dementia (living at home alone) with 24 hour care (she was self funding). I have noticed through personal involvement that, not all service users with dementia are sixty and above, dementia can strike at almost any age. My aim therefore is to locate the gap in accommodation when caring for dementia service users to enable them to live life in specialised accommodation as a family.

    • Word count: 2155
  25. Case study - discuss a case assigned to myself whilst on placement and use an analytic stance to discuss the interaction and interventions used with the service user.

    However a meeting held with Mr J without his relatives had a more positive outcome. Mr J has had previous input with social services. His case notes state that he cancelled all support after six weeks. The initial six weeks support through the DMBC is not charged for. However after six weeks the care provided is mean tested. Mr J was due to leave GP respite within the next few days. His need for support would be prioritised as critical. However, this presented a problem, as the resources needed were not available. Mr J refused to stay in GP respite any longer and stated that he wished to return home.

    • Word count: 2766

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Discuss whether good governance depoliticises development, and if it does, discuss the negative or positive implications of such.

    "Conclusion The writing made attempts to discuss whether 'good governance' depoliticise development. It further discussed the probable positive and/or negative implications of the phenomenon, if it were, for development theory and practice in the current epoch. A variety of issues were reflected upon, mostly invoking the observable conflation of good governance with adoption of neo-liberal policies. In most cases, reference was made to third world and Africa in particular. Pause! 1 United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Human Settlements, What is Good Governance?"

  • Briefly describe and evaluate Piaget(TM)s theory of cognitive development, taking into account some of criticism that have been made .

    "Conclusion Despite the numerous objections and criticism to Piaget's theory of cognitive development, he was in fact the first psychologist to even look at how children see the world and as a consequence initiated a vast amount of further study into the area. In those terms he has made a substantial contribution to our understanding and appreciation of this complex subject area. Much of his theory has been directly applied and accepted in modern education. Many of the criticisms of Piaget surround his underestimation of childhood abilities and also the age at which the cognitive developments are said to take place. It is not however, disputed that the changes themselves do in fact occur, so in that respect, Piaget's work has been and still is greatly significant. Never the less, Piaget's ideas still maintain a vital influence in both general psychology and contemporary education."

  • This paper attempts to analyse how and in what ways the Chinese diaspora interacts with Indonesian ethnic policies towards Chinese. It focuses on the commoditisation of Chineseness and explores the social networking of Chinese diaspora in order to underst

    "4. Conclusion This could be understand by the ideology of Chineseness is constantly changing. Ethnic identity is not only based upon race, blood, tradition and ancestry but also may varies from generation to generation shaped by local circumstances. In discussing the causes and development of four conflicts in Indonesia, the degree of integration of the diaspora group within the host society has important implication for potential security challenges. Among the underlying factors, political disputes and economic and social disparities outweighed the other factors and played a more significant role in triggering the initial conflicts. 5. Reference: 1.Anderson, B.(1983). Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism, London: Verso. 2.Brah, A. (1996) Cartographies of Diaspora, Routledge, London. 3.Brynen R(2003). "Diaspora Populations and Security Issues in Host" 4.Chang-Yau Hoon(2004)' How to be Chinese Ethnic Chinese experience a 'reawakening' of their Chinese identity' Inside Indonesian Apr-Jun 2004 5.Human right watch, Indonesia Alert: Economic Crisis Leads to Scapegoating of Ethnic Chinese"

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