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University Degree: Human & Social Geography
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(Mkandawire, 2005). At the international level, global liberalisation was stimulated by the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) which was first implemented in 1948 as a mechanism to promote free and fair trade among member countries. 2.0 GLOBALISATION and The Process of Market Integration The process of global integration of markets began in the mid 1800s, with the rise in international trade driven by European colonialism. Market expansion was fuelled by rapidly increasing populations, urbanisation and new overseas markets seeking to trade low cost raw commodities for processed goods.
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A critical appraisal of the impact on social injustice of the welfare state and associated policies.
It explores the problems associated with this utopian view and how these could be overcome to ensure a more just society for all, including a society where every child, regardless of family circumstances, would be afforded the same opportunities in regards to education, employment, life expectancy and potential earning. Finally, it will look at the implications for a society of equals, i.e. is this type of society realistically possible in a 21st century context. The welfare state in Britain was introduced after the Second World War in order to tackle the problem of mass deprivation and squalor that existed within the country.
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Moreover, they have differences that make them unique. THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA GEOGRAPHY Geographically, the Republic of South Africa occupies the Southern tip of the continent of Africa. Its jagged northern border is shared by Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, and Mozambique, and it completely surrounds Lesotho. On the western side is the Atlantic Ocean and on the Eastern and Southern sides the Indian Ocean. (See appendix ?C-1?) Its main feature is a high central plateau that covers much of the country and sweeps up toward the north, surrounded by a mountain bulwark dividing it from the mostly narrow coastal
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