• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Introduction to the History of Modern Philosophy.

Extracts from this document...


Introduction to the History of Modern Philosophy Course Assignment a) Plato and Hobbes would both answer the question by stating that a rose is not red in the dark, however they would have separate reasons for believing this based on their view of perception. Plato would say that the rose is not red because there would firstly be no motion between the eye and the rose, in the same way we cannot see at night because the fire from the eye cannot be attracted to the fire from the daylight, because there is no motion. The eye would not see the rose, therefore although it involves the eye, there is nothing "appropriate" for it to interact with, therefore there is no birth of whiteness. Plato states in the passage, " These could not have been born if either the eye or what it saw had gone to anything else." Thus if there is no motion between the eye and the rose, and the rose and the eye, the eye does not become filled with vision, and then see and then become a seeing eye, and therefore it does not give birth to colour. There is no mutual interaction between the two, and things only come into being by mutual interaction. Plato stated that nothing exists as a self-contained unit, it has the potential to become something for someone. ...read more.


Hobbes believes that motion is spread from the shining object, to the eye, through the optic nerve, and then to the brain. Once in the brain both light and colour are produced. Hobbes then states that the brain resists the motion, and so is repelled back along the optic nerve. Thus we do not conceive the motion happening in the brain and as a result think that it is external to us, "and we call it 'light'." Therefore Hobbes is explaining how sensory images are a product of the body's reaction to a given stimuli. Hobbes also gives an explanation of how things travel from the shining object to the eye, this is explained through motion. He states "from experience" the motion from the fire is a mixture of expansion and contraction, which he says is usually called, "sparkling" or "glittering". These generate motion which thrust back from each other or push against one another, and pass the motion "right up to the eye itself." Thus motion travels from the object to the eye, through the pushing of motion against motion. d) Hobbes explains that we see things as external to ourselves because once the motion has spread from the given object to the brain, the brain resists the motion and sends it back along the optic nerve, thus to the eye and back to the object. ...read more.


This uneven property has motion of there own which alters the 'pure' light and makes it 'confused' light, or colour. The main distinction is whether the 'pure' light is reflected from a polished or unpolished body. This is because theses bodies either contain internal motion which can alter the light or whether they have no motion and simply let the 'pure' light reflect off it and remain 'pure'. This demonstrates Hobbes' distinction between light and colour but there appear to be several problems with this distinction. The first is a relatively simple problem, Hobbes suggests that colour is produced from the reflection of pure light off unpolished bodies. Therefore a body such as a metal vase can either produce 'pure' light and 'confused' light, depending on whether the vase has been polished or not. But will the vase not still have colour even if it has been polished? The vase will have the potential to reflect 'pure' or 'confused' light but will appear to be always coloured, how is this possible according to Hobbes' theory. The second potential problem is that Hobbes does not take into account that the source of the 'pure' light can be coloured. If I were to look directly into the fire I would not see 'pure' light, it appears yellow and golden in colour, but this is not possible due to Hobbes' theory because it has not been reflected off any unpolished properties. There appear several problems with Hobbes' distinction between light and colour. James Peck 011-600-486 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Applied Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Applied Sociology essays

  1. In this section, a compartmentalized exploration into the reasons advanced by Hobbes, Locke and ...

    (Hobbes 1946:80). Equality, Hobbes argues, is what brings about the possibility of a human being to harm another. "... one man can thereupon claim to himself any benefit, to which another may not pretend, as well as he..." (Hobbes 1946:80).

  2. American Culture. It is evident that part of the definition of contemporary American ...

    Americans generally believe that theirs is a superior country, probably the greatest country in the world. It is economically and militarily powerful; its influence extends to all parts of the globe. Americans generally believe their democratic political system is the best possible one, since it gives all citizens the right

  1. The History and Evolution of Birth Control

    In the fourth century B.C., Aristotle actually wrote about early condoms and another method of postcoital contraception where the woman squatted and exerted pressure on her lower abdomen in order to push the s***n out of her v****a. Moving on to the Middle Ages, attempts to control s****l activity turned to enforcing abstinence with something called a chastity belt.

  2. Internal and External factors of Motivation

    Why do similar people react and behave completely differently in similar situations and why do people react differently at different times. Things like what lies behind the compulsion some people have to use drugs, which motivation are innate and which are learned and taught.

  1. Attitudes towards Depression: Developing a Reliable and Valid Questionnaire

    middle and the scale always measures attitude in term of level of agreement or disagreement to a target statement". But what are attitudes? What was Likert trying to measure? There are several definitions describing attitudes. According to Fishbein and Ajzen (1975)

  2. Discuss some of the ways in which technologically mediated communication has helped to constitute ...

    But in the eyes of Garnham (2000) and social theorists such as Thompson (1995), to discover how the media, and specifically technologically mediated communications, have become constitutive of modernity it is important to look at the development of such communications, the liberty of the individual (Barbrook, 1995), how new technologies of communication have penetrated social life (McLuhan, 1960)

  1. Thomas Hobbes, is known more for his work in the field of political philosophy, ...

    being on a rollercoaster. Further to this, Hobbes argues that humans also have a basic behavioural path, in that there are certain intrinsic rules and values that we each conform to. Hobbes therefore, discounts the classical Greek and Christian ideas of humans having been created by a greater being, and following their designated path in life.

  2. This evaluation study will thoroughly study factors that influence teen pregnancy and parenting on ...

    The researches done thus far have concentrated on the gender preferences amongst different societies and have only exhibit the association of certain social environments with specific ideals of the self-concept philosophies.         Rosenberg and Pearlin (1978) in their study tried to classify some of the main components that make up the structure of the self-concept philosophy.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work