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Juvenile Delinquency

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

INTRODUCTION As the world is growing and developing, delinquent and criminal behavior among young people also increase at the same pace and it has become more and more complex and confusing. In this coursework, this issue is examined, some basic assumption relating to juvenile delinquency are presented, followed by a description of various factors underlying and causes that are contributing to this phenomenon. Effective approaches and measures for preventing juvenile delinquency and solutions and restorative justice to both perpetrators and victims are suggested. Some regional variations and comparative facts among different countries are highlighted. This coursework ends with a case study and concludes with a summary and recommendations for future actions. Juvenile delinquencies have been increasing recently as evidenced by newspaper reports and raise a lot of concern among the parents, public, government, as well as the law enforcement officers. This issue shall not be neglected as youth and adolescences are the national assets and they are the leaders of our country in the future. In general, juvenile delinquency refers to the antisocial or criminal activity of minors and which violates the law or commits a status offense (Joseph, 1995). The upper legal age for juvenile may be varied depends on different states and countries, or even gender. In Malaysia, the legal juvenile age is 21 years old and below, according to the Prison Act 1995. However, serious crimes and repeated offenses can result in sentencing juvenile offenders to prison. Juvenile delinquency can be divided into two categories, first is acts or omissions which are prohibited by law under the respective legal system, and another one is acts which are known as status offense (Hussin, 2005). The acts that are prohibited by law under the respective legal system are those that is being exposed to moral danger such as girl's involvement in prostitution, drugs consuming, robbery and etc. In true context, if these activities are committed by adults, it is considered as a crime and may be sentenced to prison. ...read more.

Middle

The most obvious affected by juvenile delinquency are the victims. Whether the crime involves theft, or violence, the victim always suffers loss. The victim may incur expenses related to lose wages, health care, or psychological care in addition to the cost of replacing damaged or destroyed items. This is very obvious we can see that when the victims was injured or even murdered by juvenile delinquency, that was necessary the victims should need to go for psychological care or hospital to check that whether what others side effect will caused to the victims. Beside than the victim's part, the other part which is very obvious affected by juvenile delinquent is on the juvenile delinquent themselves. The juvenile who commits a crime also suffers effects that he or she is probably unable to predict. They may lose their freedom while being incarcerated or placed on probation after they sentenced crime and they may lose ground academically as well. Although placement in residential detention centers for juveniles may be appropriate consequences for the adolescent's criminal actions, it also puts him or her in relationships with other delinquents, who may be more sophisticated or influential. This makes recidivism likely and in many states, when a juvenile older than 14 becomes a repeat offender, they can be tried and sentenced as an adult. The delinquency may even have future consequences on the adolescent's college and career choices. http://www.exampleessays.com/viewpaper/73887.html This also affects the juvenile in their adult lives as the crime can be on their record as long as they live. Experts still have not found the main reason why juveniles commit crimes until now, but normally it was cause by the family issues, media pressure, mental health problem and etc. Furthermore, another part which effects by juvenile delinquency is by the families. The upheaval and trauma of having a family member who is a juvenile delinquent can create instability for the other relatives. ...read more.

Conclusion

Conclusion As discussed from the above coursework, it is seen that juvenile delinquency covers a multitude of different violations of legal social norms, from minor offences such as truancy and run away from home, to serious crimes such as drug consumption and killing people, committed by young people. Some types of juvenile delinquency constitute part of the process of maturation and growth and it disappear spontaneously as they grow up, as there are many socially responsible adults use to commit various types of offences during their adolescence. Quite often, however, the situation is more serious. Poverty, social exclusion and unemployment often cause marginalization, and young people who are marginalized are more susceptible to developing and maintaining delinquent behavior. Furthermore, young people are more likely to become victims of crimes committed by juvenile delinquents. This is largely a group phenomenon, it is always engaged in by certain subcultures of young people who have jointly assumed a particular identity. It is also primarily a male phenomenon, as seen from some of the discussion above, it is seen that crime rates for male juvenile and young adults offenders more than double those for females, some criminal activities are associated with intolerance of members of other cultures or religious, racial or ethnic groups. To effectively avoid and prevent the juvenile delinquency, more priority should be given to this matter by everyone, from the government, society, family, schools, and etc. Reference: Juvenile Delinquency - prevention, assessment, and intervention, edi7 by Kirk Heilbrun, Naomi E.Sevin Goldstein, and Richard E. Redding. Social change and juvenile delinquency by Europe Committee on Crime Problems, Council of Europe, Directorate of Legal Affairs(1979) Prevention and control of juvenile delinquency by Richard J. Lundman 1993 Hussin, D. N. (2005). Children's Right International. Retrieved July 22nd, 2009, from ChildJustice.org: http://www.childjustice.org/docs/hussin2005a.pdf Joseph, J. (1995). Black youths, delinquency, and juvenile justice. Greenwood Publishing Group. Rose, T. (2000). Juvenile Justice and the Status Offense:An Justification for the Current System. Retrieved July 22nd, 2009, from University of Oregon: http://gladstone.uoregon.edu/~uofla/Winter00/Rose.html ...read more.

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