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University Degree: International Politics

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 9
  1. The power of citizenship is probably best known by those who are denied it. Examine this statement with respect to the experience of Palestinians in Lebanon.

    For Isin & Nyers the power of citizenship is similar to Arendt?s ?right to have rights?. How powerful would citizenship be for Palestinians though? Since 1948 Lebanon has firmly supported the Palestinian ?right to return?. This support has come as double edged sword. The Arab League asserts that for Palestinians to retain their ?separate and special status? they cannot be allowed to assimilate into local populations, isolating them. (Takkenberg, 1998, p. 62) Associated with this is the delicate sectarian balance of Lebanon; the president must be Christian, the prime minister Sunni Muslim and speaker of parliament Shia Muslim.

    • Word count: 2552

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Assess the impact that enlargement will have on the size and economy of the European Union. How will regional and economic policies alter to accommodate the accession of new member states?

    "In conclusion, I feel that enlargement, overall, will have a major impact on both the size and economy of the European Union. Although the EU will become a larger trading block, of approximately 500 million people, the relatively underdeveloped nature of the new member states' economies will mean that the impact on trade will be felt in the medium and long term rather than short term. The alteration of both the economic and regional policies in order to accommodate the accession of the new member countries will bring about a sense of cohesion and co - operation into the union as well as a sense of belonging. "Enlargement does not only serve as a momentum for institutional reform, it also provides current member states with the opportunity to re - open existing policy deals and bargain for a more advantageous outcome" (Stennenberg 2001 p 365)"

  • "There was no general drift to war in 1914 rather there was the determination of one power (Germany) to exploit the Balkan crisis to change the international status quo in its favour". Critically evaluate this statement.

    "In my opinion the Balkan crisis was used by Germany as a stepping stone to what we now know as world war one. Germany had always felt left out in colonial expansion. Germany felt that Britain and France were denying them their rightful share of colonial influence. They thought the Balkan crisis was their chance to increase their colonial influence without the help of Britain or France. Therefore Germany exploited the Balkan crisis in an effort to change the international status quo in its favour. Germany totally exploited the Balkan crisis to their advantage. They were determined to change the international status quo in its favour. They knew that by backing Austria during the crisis, they in turn would support Germany should a war start. Germany knew that backing Austria during the crisis would eventually lead to a European conflict and when Austria handed its ultimatum to Serbia, this conflict started. In a way Germany got what it wanted even though they weren't seen as being the ones who started the war. Germany knew that by backing Austria, it would mean that the already fragile lines of communication between Austria and Serbia would be irreconcilably damaged. This ensured that the international status quo was changed in Germanys favour."

  • To what extent do the ideas of the 'Third Way' represent a new form of politics?

    "In conclusion I shall prefer to sit on the fence and watch the Third Way unravel itself. For as I have suggested the Third Way certainly could be interpreted as a unique form of modern politics. However the Third Way will be interpreted differently by each European government. Thus in order for the Third Way to be successful as truly new form of politics that really can transgress the line between left and right it must be introduced with certain structural elements. Firstly there is a need for 'moral principles and priorities'. Secondly there is a need for 'a more detailed, clear ideology that relates more to the real world' and thirdly 'these principles need to be clear, with policies and practices on how to change current policies to Third Way policies'. (David Halpern **) ** _ Unknown Date"

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