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University Degree: Applied Sociology

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 2
  1. Show how gender may be important in forming our identities

    There are two gender categories, male and female. There are three possible ways to decide which gender category individual belongs to. First is anatomical evidence. This refers to the appearance of people's bodies and their genitalia. It can be complicated by clothes which people wear. Second is genetic evidence, this is the individual's DNA, which contain s*x chromosomes. Usually human has two X chromosomes (woman) or one X and one Y (man). But sometimes could happen, than a human has more than two s****l chromosomes, then the person could find themselves to be re-categorized. Third is socially constructed evidence.

    • Word count: 857
  2. Critical Annotated Bibliography in Sociology

    Durkheim's work is a major milestone in the study of sociology and has influenced research ever since. Engels, F. and Marx, K. (1969) 'The Communist Manifesto' in Selected Works, Volume One, Moscow: Progress Publishers, pp. 98-137. The Manifest is a declaration of the power and ideology of Communism, and analyzes the problems of class struggle, capitalism, and their contributing elements. The bourgeoisie's formation of free trade transformed non-bourgeoisie society into sectors of labourers, while controlling and mastering their modes of production and social statuses.

    • Word count: 901
  3. Physical changes

    He then had to see a therapist in order to learn how to connect what he saw and what he already knew by his sense of touch. This made me realize that we take our eyesight for granted. Most of the eye conditions the author mentioned can be controlled or treated with corrective lenses or surgery. Out of all the condition, Glaucoma is the scariest aging conditions to me.

    • Word count: 488
  4. Death Penalty

    In the United States, out of 17,000 reported murders, only about 110 were sentenced to death (Schaefer, 2008 p177). Whether or not capital punishment is a deterrent is widely debated. There have been several studies done and researchers believe, as suggested in Sociology: A Brief Introduction, that the death penalty does not serve as a deterrent. Such studies quote the murder rate in states that utilize the death penalty with those who do not, which show that states without are below the national average, generally speaking.

    • Word count: 838
  5. Bureaucratic Structure and Personality.

    Weber has said that "in such an organisation there is integrated a series of offices, of hierarchized statuses" (p1). He goes on to say that each office has different jobs and responsibility, there is a pecking order in terms of how and what work is carried out, this pecking order is a way of "distribution of authority within the system" (p1). This can be identified with what is known as chain of command. Certain rules and regulations need to be followed, without these rules there will be no real order, people not working efficiently as there is a lack of discipline.

    • Word count: 822
  6. Explain the Relevance of the Prisoner's Dilemma to Hobbes' Social Contract Theory.

    Aversion of the state of nature, and cooperation with others in civil society is a rational preference to the state of nature. To avoid the perpetual fear of living in the state of nature, Hobbes argues that people possess the natural and rational impulse to enter into a social contract, which involves the individual giving up the right to govern oneself. This right is given up to a sovereign. The sovereign may be an individual or a ruling body, and citizens are required to obey it because it is the sovereign that keeps society from degenerating into the state of nature.

    • Word count: 875
  7. Is Hobbes the pessimist of philosophers?

    Contrary to Hobbes's beliefs, humans do not need a sovereign to prosper. The United States distributes power between three branches of government, each with the power to overrule the other - and the US is not in a state of chaos. People themselves have the ability to decide right and wrong, as stated in Locke's laws of nature, and don't need a sovereign to determine what to think for them.

    • Word count: 393
  8. Native American Mascots: Tribute or Mockery?

    Since sports are so popular today and draw so much attention, I believe that Native Americans and other protesters use these sports venues as battlegrounds for their long, hard fight against racial discrimination. In some cases, Native Americans have won the battle and forced schools to either change their mascot or retire it completely. A March 4, 2002 article in Sports Illustrated entitled ?Indian Wars?, states ?since 1969, more than 600 schools and minor league pro teams have dropped nicknames deemed offensively by Native American groups (Price).

    • Word count: 931
  9. A Summary for Anthony Giddens Essentials of Sociology

    Love is used as an example of a topic that has a different reception based on which country it may be viewed in, the key contrasting nations being Afghanistan and Western-countries. After explaining that the concept of love being a factor in marriage has not been common occurrence until recently, it concludes that what is considered natural currently, has not always been and may not always be and our accepted way of life is influenced heavily by what has occurred before.

    • Word count: 534
  10. Reality TV: A Deterioration of Mass Entertainment, or a Positive Experience for Viewers? The Views of Salman Rushdie and James Poniewozik.

    Poniewozik argues that reality television is a good way for people to make their own deductions from what they see. He claims that when watching a reality television show, no hidden implications are imposed on the audience whereas that is not the case when it comes to fiction (Poniewozik, 2003). In response to a famous moment on American idol, Poniewozik states, "It didn't nudge us to laugh at her or prod us to cry for her. In about two minutes, it told a quintessentially American story of ambition and desperation and shrinking options, and it left the judgment to us."

    • Word count: 701
  11. Drawing upon what you have learned about city road, outline some of the ways in which differences are made and remade on a street that you know. For this assignment I have chosen to discuss Marton Road, Middlesbrough

    The road itself is approximately five miles long. The area I will focus on is from the social club up to James Cook University Hospital which is roughly 1 mile long. It is mainly a working class area with varied social backgrounds. The street itself has a number of different shops varying from hair dressers to bakers to big chain convenience stores like Tesco, Aldi and Spar. I intend to discuss how the shops/facilities have changed as well as the social uses and also the migration aspects, which is in part due to the evolving local area such as the huge Hospital expansion and its effect on the original local population.

    • Word count: 859

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Critically evaluate the cognitive approach to psychology

    "In conclusion to the cognitive approach within psychology, it is clear to see that the cognitive approach has under gone a lot of changes over the years in regards to what aspects to study in order to fully understand what the approach is about. Many studies have arisen trying to explain how we process information, our cognitive processes and so on. As quoted at the beginning of this essay from Groome (2006) in regards to what cognitive psychology is, it is evident from the research I have done that it is a very broad term and can often lead to different interpretations. The cognitive approach, however has often lead to different applications, for example, it has been very beneficial to those who have dysfunctional thoughts, feelings and behaviours. So I can conclude that cognitive psychology is still an on going approach and therefore does not provide us with a true and clear picture of what actually goes on within our information processing stages."

  • Compare and contrast the approach into studying children's friendships taken in the Bigelow and La Gaipa (1974) study with that taken by Wiiliam Corsaro.

    "To conclude, we need to look at each researchers methods to be able to see the discrepancies between Corsaro's findings with that of Bigelow and La Gaipa, which shows the implications of the contrasts in their research which has been highlighted in the essay. Therefore, by Corsaro using ethnography and exploring children's TMA 02 - Darlene Duncan - T1878621 - Page 05 activities as a participant, he is able to collate more complex and detailed data than Bigelow and La Gaipa during their resrearch, because research methods such as theirs, essay writing about friendship expectations, may yield an incomplete picture of a child's understanding of the social world. As Corsaro himself said, "I think we really need in our research is to remember that it's important to focus on children in their present lives. The future of childhood is in the present". (Interview with William Corsaro, 2010)."

  • Evaluate the claim that British identity is defined by shared values.

    "In conclusion, it is clear to see that the British identity is not a simple matter, the nation is not fixed or permanent and things are constantly changing. There are a number of influences that have contributed towards the British identity, and this can be defined through relationships between people and place, imagined communities, diverse societies and shared cultures that form a national identity. Culture is claimed by some people to be the habits, practices and values of a way of life, Raymond Williams (1958) (cited in Clarke, 2009, p.219) claimed that there are selective traditions that cause some aspects to be excluded, despite the view that cultural products are common to all residents, It is clear that there are a lot of sources from which to gain information about the portrayals of the British identity, although one should also take into account the writers or speakers interest or role in the matter, because they can often manipulate the wording to give or enhance particular significance."

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