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  1. Teenage pregnancy in Croydon - literature review and research outline.

    TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction.......................................................................................................................4 2. Literature Review...............................................................................................................4 3. Methodology......................................................................................................................5 4. Conclusion..........................................................................................................................6 5. Time Chart..........................................................................................................................7 6. References..........................................................................................................................7 1. INTRODUCTION Research studies have suggested that teenage pregnancy is a major global issue and it needs to be addressed accurately due to the health, social and economic risks associated with this issue (Baker, 2007; Roth et al., 2009; Kamberg, 2012). Decline in the number of teenage pregnancies have been reported as a result of the strategies undertaken by governing bodies across Europe to reduce the number of unplanned teenage conceptions. However, England still has the highest rate of teenage pregnancies which are mostly unplanned (Teenage Pregnancy Associates, 2011).

    • Word count: 2109
  2. Action Plan for research into the effects of playing violent video games.

    Ethical consideration: Make the research as objective as possible and not let personal bias and opinion affect the study. I have read quite few books and pieces of research about violent video games and increase of aggression in adult and children. I was not particularly interested in violent video games and aggression. However, I think this is opportunity to broaden my knowledge and get into further research. I am certain that this topic is relevant to everyone who play games as well as who do not play or used to play video games.

    • Word count: 2323
  3. Reasons for Working. How does paid employment affect your identity?

    According to Sennett (1988) these changes are leading to a corrosion of character, whilst Du Gay (1996) says an unpredictable identity has established that views life as an individual project of enterprise. James (2007) believes this mentality of ?selfish capitalism? has led to an epidemic called the ?aflluenza virus?. I endeavour to explore these issues in relation to identity, and the implications this may have on my peers and I as we venture out into the world of employment. Researchers working on a project entitled the Social Change and Economic Life Initiative (SCELI) (cited Noon & Blyton, 2006)

    • Word count: 2557
  4. APPLICABILITY OF PROBABILITY SAMPLING TECHNIQUE IN AFRICAN CONTEXT

    One great importance of this method is that the data collected from the sample can be generalized to the entire population ?external validity? (Lindsey and Beach 2002). Probability sampling technique deals with a large population of individuals and thus makes use of different methods such as simple random sampling, stratified random sampling, systematic, and Cluster sampling methods. Under this method, it is important that the researcher obtains an epistemological knowledge and ethical foundations involved in its application to research process and also know the appropriate characteristics of the universe of which the sample would be drawn from.

    • Word count: 2191
  5. Utilitarianism. When it comes to welfare and wellbeing utilitarianism plays its role and can be considered an important part.

    Plato expounded a similar idea of utilitarianism when he dealt with happiness and ethical value in Dialogues. He saw that the more ?self controlled (man) is, the more happy he will be? Critically, at the same time Plato saw that wisdom must be appropriated if happiness is to be fully realised as a failure in this ?may invite aggression from rough neighbours, or may?lead to a species of smugness? (Lodge, 1966) Here we already have two different types of utilitarianism arising.

    • Word count: 2251
  6. Why are men less likely to report domestic violence than women?

    Men can be victims of domestic abuse. The effects of domestic abuse can be just as serious for men as they are for women. Studies which have been carried out by Professor John Archer from the University of Central Lancashire around domestic violence indicate that women are as likely to use domestic violence as men, however they are twice as likely than men to be the victims of domestic violence and subsequently be injured or killed by an intimate partner, between a quarter to half of all domestic violence victims are men (Kevan 2011).

    • Word count: 2108
  7. The Role of Media. Peace Journalism and the Rwandan Genocide

    Hindsight, the media and the international community are said to have failed by solely standing and watching it happen. What the reasons for this lack of media coverage is, how media contributed to the Rwandan genocide, and how media can contribute to a peaceful international society, is what this paper attempts to answer. Rwandan Genocide In only 100 days of genocide, nearly 1 million Rwandans had been killed, and nearly 2 million Rwandans sought refugees in neighboring countries. Extremist Hutus picked up their weapons and machetes, and attempted to kill all Tutsis and moderate Hutus. They spoke the same language and originated from the same country, but throughout history they had become different ethnic groups that eventually became to

    • Word count: 2672
  8. By examining some of the manifest and latent social functions of education, this essay will try to answer the question Do Schools Work? and if not, what are the alternatives.

    Schools classify students. Labeling occurs in schools as a result of the constant evaluating of the students. In most schools, students are grouped together by not only grade level, but by their academic level. The grade level is what actual grade they are in school; the academic level is actual level that they are working at. In one grade 1 class there could be 4 or 5 different reading groups. By grouping students by academic levels, schools are able to remediate students on a lower academic level, while still being able to advance students on a higher level in another classroom or area of the class.

    • Word count: 2130
  9. Ethnic History. Journal Assignment #2 asks that we write about our experiences of race, class, gender and other features of difference and inequality in our lives

    Today, sitting down to write this assignment I have a whole new perspective--this assignment is in no way simple! Merriam-Webster?s dictionary defines ethnic as ??2a : of or relating to large groups of people classed according to common racial, national, tribal, religious, linguistic, or cultural origin or background <ethnic minorities> <ethnic enclaves>; b : being a member of a specified ethnic group <an ethnic German>? (Ethnic, 2012). I have been staring at this definition for over an hour. I have reread the material we have covered in class to date, and yet, I am stymied. My initial instinct is to write about my racial makeup.

    • Word count: 2070
  10. Popular Culture Essay. In my essay I will scrutinise feminism in advertising. We live in a world surrounded by commercial advertisements

    In doing so, popular culture often results in stereotyping people such as women, the disabled and other minorities because depicting them as stereotypes is easy. With advertising as another form of popular culture the stereotyping becomes very bold to ensure fast selling of huge volumes within a short time. To make achieving these targets, manufacturers/ capitalists will not have time to build up their own characters meaning stereotyping must be used. Although these manufactures of these manipulated mass cultural images say popular culture mirrors or echoes the society, the opposite is also true.

    • Word count: 2704
  11. How are marked and unmarked identities socially produced

    This essay describes the way marked and unmarked identities are created. An example of marked and unmarked identity is found in Raban?s Street People. They were the homeless living on the streets of New York; they were grouped by ?others? (everyone else) as a collection of ?thieves, alcoholics, the temporarily jobless? (Raban cited in Taylor p176). The identity given to the Street People is relational; it is both detailed and negative and is the marked identity of the pairing. ?Everyone else?, the other half of the relationship, is of course the unmarked identity. People with unmarked identities have a ?vaguely positive ?normal? identity which is not really described? (Taylor, 2009, p179).

    • Word count: 2571
  12. The development of self-awareness and shifts of Locus of self Knowledge: A small-scale investigative study into developmental sequences using comparison of semi-structured interviews.

    Maccoby (as cited in Miel and Ding 2005 p. 131) proposes that for that reason, as sense of self happens by degrees. William James (1892 as cited in Miel and Ding 2005 pp 131) introduced the idea that a sense of self is divided in two stages: the self as a subject of experience and the self as an object of knowledge (Miel and Ding, 2005 pg. 131). This means that as children get older, they become more competent at self-awareness and more realistically involved in perception and responses of others in their lives.

    • Word count: 2252

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