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University Degree: Applied Sociology

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  1. Critically explore some of the issues that should be considered when conducting research in social science

    Social science research involved the collection, exploration and reporting of information about people and societies.(Yates 1998,p.3) .There are several number of issues to consider when conducting research in social science according to Alderson& Morrow(2007) like privacy and confidentiality, the right selection of participants, consent and the impact the research has on children. Research with children usually tend to emphasis on ethics which moral issue that influence the methodology used governed by the code of practises ( France et al., 2000) as well as the issues of informed consent and confidentiality (Sieber, 1982) Participants might be harmed as a result of their participation as many vulnerable groups tend to experience distress when talking about their painful experience that happened in their past.(Cooper,1999).

    • Word count: 1716
  2. Why is it important to communicate science well? The initial issue with reporting science within the media is a contradicting set of goals between scientists and science reporters.

    In the first study the group of atomic industrial workers were found to have a higher risk of leukaemia than normal, and in the other study, there was no significant evidence that there was an increased cancer risk. After several months, the JAMA studied the media reports on the experiments, finding that the reports were biased; emphasising the cancer risk displayed in the first study and downplaying the findings of the second study. Obviously, this is due to paper selling and keeping the reader interested, but Bishop (1997)

    • Word count: 1765
  3. Reasons for Working. How does paid employment affect your identity?

    According to Sennett (1988) these changes are leading to a corrosion of character, whilst Du Gay (1996) says an unpredictable identity has established that views life as an individual project of enterprise. James (2007) believes this mentality of ?selfish capitalism? has led to an epidemic called the ?aflluenza virus?. I endeavour to explore these issues in relation to identity, and the implications this may have on my peers and I as we venture out into the world of employment. Researchers working on a project entitled the Social Change and Economic Life Initiative (SCELI) (cited Noon & Blyton, 2006)

    • Word count: 2557
  4. A Summary for Anthony Giddens Essentials of Sociology

    Love is used as an example of a topic that has a different reception based on which country it may be viewed in, the key contrasting nations being Afghanistan and Western-countries. After explaining that the concept of love being a factor in marriage has not been common occurrence until recently, it concludes that what is considered natural currently, has not always been and may not always be and our accepted way of life is influenced heavily by what has occurred before.

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    One great importance of this method is that the data collected from the sample can be generalized to the entire population ?external validity? (Lindsey and Beach 2002). Probability sampling technique deals with a large population of individuals and thus makes use of different methods such as simple random sampling, stratified random sampling, systematic, and Cluster sampling methods. Under this method, it is important that the researcher obtains an epistemological knowledge and ethical foundations involved in its application to research process and also know the appropriate characteristics of the universe of which the sample would be drawn from.

    • Word count: 2191
  6. Utilitarianism. When it comes to welfare and wellbeing utilitarianism plays its role and can be considered an important part.

    Plato expounded a similar idea of utilitarianism when he dealt with happiness and ethical value in Dialogues. He saw that the more ?self controlled (man) is, the more happy he will be? Critically, at the same time Plato saw that wisdom must be appropriated if happiness is to be fully realised as a failure in this ?may invite aggression from rough neighbours, or may?lead to a species of smugness? (Lodge, 1966) Here we already have two different types of utilitarianism arising.

    • Word count: 2251
  7. Why are men less likely to report domestic violence than women?

    Men can be victims of domestic abuse. The effects of domestic abuse can be just as serious for men as they are for women. Studies which have been carried out by Professor John Archer from the University of Central Lancashire around domestic violence indicate that women are as likely to use domestic violence as men, however they are twice as likely than men to be the victims of domestic violence and subsequently be injured or killed by an intimate partner, between a quarter to half of all domestic violence victims are men (Kevan 2011).

    • Word count: 2108
  8. The Role of Media. Peace Journalism and the Rwandan Genocide

    Hindsight, the media and the international community are said to have failed by solely standing and watching it happen. What the reasons for this lack of media coverage is, how media contributed to the Rwandan genocide, and how media can contribute to a peaceful international society, is what this paper attempts to answer. Rwandan Genocide In only 100 days of genocide, nearly 1 million Rwandans had been killed, and nearly 2 million Rwandans sought refugees in neighboring countries. Extremist Hutus picked up their weapons and machetes, and attempted to kill all Tutsis and moderate Hutus. They spoke the same language and originated from the same country, but throughout history they had become different ethnic groups that eventually became to

    • Word count: 2672
  9. Reality TV: A Deterioration of Mass Entertainment, or a Positive Experience for Viewers? The Views of Salman Rushdie and James Poniewozik.

    Poniewozik argues that reality television is a good way for people to make their own deductions from what they see. He claims that when watching a reality television show, no hidden implications are imposed on the audience whereas that is not the case when it comes to fiction (Poniewozik, 2003). In response to a famous moment on American idol, Poniewozik states, "It didn't nudge us to laugh at her or prod us to cry for her. In about two minutes, it told a quintessentially American story of ambition and desperation and shrinking options, and it left the judgment to us."

    • Word count: 701
  10. The National Autism Association is one website that aims to assist the population through awareness programs and research, because autism is an epidemic that is on the rise

    One epidemic in particular has recently been in the spotlight due to its rapid increase among new borns. ?Michael D. Kogan of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and colleagues announced that about 1 of every 91 American children has a disorder on the autism spectrum (Grant).? It is something that needs to be addressed and examined. The National Autism Association is one website that aims to assist the population through awareness programs and research, because autism is an epidemic that is on the rise. ?Autism is a bio-neurological developmental disability that generally appears before the age of 3 (The National Autism Association),? but the causes still remain debatable.

    • Word count: 1210
  11. By examining some of the manifest and latent social functions of education, this essay will try to answer the question Do Schools Work? and if not, what are the alternatives.

    Schools classify students. Labeling occurs in schools as a result of the constant evaluating of the students. In most schools, students are grouped together by not only grade level, but by their academic level. The grade level is what actual grade they are in school; the academic level is actual level that they are working at. In one grade 1 class there could be 4 or 5 different reading groups. By grouping students by academic levels, schools are able to remediate students on a lower academic level, while still being able to advance students on a higher level in another classroom or area of the class.

    • Word count: 2130
  12. Ethnic History. Journal Assignment #2 asks that we write about our experiences of race, class, gender and other features of difference and inequality in our lives

    Today, sitting down to write this assignment I have a whole new perspective--this assignment is in no way simple! Merriam-Webster?s dictionary defines ethnic as ??2a : of or relating to large groups of people classed according to common racial, national, tribal, religious, linguistic, or cultural origin or background <ethnic minorities> <ethnic enclaves>; b : being a member of a specified ethnic group <an ethnic German>? (Ethnic, 2012). I have been staring at this definition for over an hour. I have reread the material we have covered in class to date, and yet, I am stymied. My initial instinct is to write about my racial makeup.

    • Word count: 2070
  13. Drawing upon what you have learned about city road, outline some of the ways in which differences are made and remade on a street that you know. For this assignment I have chosen to discuss Marton Road, Middlesbrough

    The road itself is approximately five miles long. The area I will focus on is from the social club up to James Cook University Hospital which is roughly 1 mile long. It is mainly a working class area with varied social backgrounds. The street itself has a number of different shops varying from hair dressers to bakers to big chain convenience stores like Tesco, Aldi and Spar. I intend to discuss how the shops/facilities have changed as well as the social uses and also the migration aspects, which is in part due to the evolving local area such as the huge Hospital expansion and its effect on the original local population.

    • Word count: 859
  14. Body Modification

    Our society puts good dental hygiene very high, Everyone is expected to have nice teeth. When I was younger I was dealt with all sorts of things with my teeth. At first it was stainless steel dental caps and then braces and teeth whitening, anything to get straight, white teeth. However in some other societies this way of looking at teeth is completely turned around. In Sumatra straight and white teeth are not the ideal beauty but instead tooth sharpening is looked at as being beautiful. Although getting your teeth whitened and straightened doesn?t seem like something too extreme it is a form of body modification and conforming to popular American society.

    • Word count: 1422
  15. Rubbish has no value Identify the argument for and against this view

    Value is also very complex as the word ?value? can mean many things. Is it that we need to re-think and re-name the tern ?rubbish?? The following essay is going to identify the arguments for and against the view that ?Rubbish has no value?, drawing on evidence collected, including Thompsons (rubbish theory 1979). ?Rubbish has no value? let?s begin by defining what the term ?value? means. There are many uses of the word ?value? aesthetic value (Brown, 2009, p.130) is something that has a useful ?value? something that may be cheap or practical, and even though it may add something in weight, cost and time it is something that people are usually interested

    • Word count: 1750
  16. Outline the key changes that have taken place in the population, economic and social structure of London.

    In net terms the concentration has been even more striking ? indeed until the late 1990s London effectively accounted for 85-90% of additions to the UK?s migrant stock, coming down to 55-60% in the last 5 years, as migration has started to take off in other regions. The impact on London?s own population over the last 20 years has been dramatic, both quantitatively and qualitatively. The chronic population decline of the previous quarter century has been replaced by net growth (of around 50 thousand p.a.); the share of foreign born in the population has doubled over 20 years ( Michael Snyder 2007).

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  17. The existence of Face-Work in a Technological Society. Erving Goffmans essay On Face-Work, defined face.

    There are various degrees of physical interaction in all modes of electronically mediated communication. Each participant still possesses a face and face work is still exercised, just in a different way. Using body movements and facial expressions to establish a face are now replaced with other strategies such as choice of words and pictures.?Electronic communication has established a new range of frames of interaction with a developing etiquette? (Miller). Two or more people participants are still involved and the cooperation of these participants to maintain a face is based on similar rules that apply to a regular face-to-face interaction.

    • Word count: 1368
  18. This evaluation study will thoroughly study factors that influence teen pregnancy and parenting on the educational advancement of a girl child in Buea-Cameroon.

    In their study they failed to find a significant association between depression and substance abuse amongst the youth of the blacks as well as the Puerto Rican states. On the contrary they found a very strong association between the two factors when researching the white youngsters, and that too amongst the girls more then the boys.         Siegel and Ehrlich (1989) in the study also concluded that there was a high amount of socioeconomic status (SES) differentiation between the adolescents who suffered depression due to substance abuse.

    • Word count: 32767
  19. My Newfoundland Culture

    His mother tongue was English, his religion was Roman Catholic. All of the dominant culture that I grew up with I can accredit to my father, for when he finished high school he did as many of the young men did back then. He married my mother who he met while attending University and moved back to Lawn and built a new home for himself, his wife and his future family. The cultural landscape has undergone many changes over the past few decades in Newfoundland; however the smaller out ports have stood the test of time and stand unseemly untouched.

    • Word count: 1027
  20. Research - In this assignment, we are trying to find the factors and effects of online addiction for university students.

    The activities of online addiction always include the relationships, gaming, information searching and money. Relationships meanings students spend a lot of time to stay in chat rooms, start the online friendships replace the real-life friends. Gaming is those use computer to play multi-user games such as online-game and Lan game. People who compulsive search the information include s*x is also called online addiction. At the same time, online gambling is also become a problem and is quickly moving up the scale to addiction in university students. (Young, 1998) Excessive internet use is a more common problem in university students.

    • Word count: 6087
  21. Diversity and Individual Behaviour.

    The results of a study suggested black men must work at least twice as hard as equally qualified white men to rise above the stigma their skin color provides (Pager, 2009).? The humiliation is, for the most part, due to labeling. According to Devine and Elliot (1995), in the 1930?s the adjectives used to describe an African-American were superstitious, lazy, and ignorant, and today the adjectives vary from unintelligent, loud, and criminal to musical, athletic and very religious. Discrimination is often difficult to observe, and yet, despite the antidiscrimination laws discrimination still occurs.

    • Word count: 1359
  22. Capital punishment in the Islamic Republic of Iran

    Turkey, for example, is a parliamentary, secular democracy. Indonesia is one of the world's largest republics, but an uncertain one as the nation still struggles to evolve a representative political system after decades of repressive authoritarian rule. Iraq is currently a case study in nation-building in the aftermath of the dictatorial regime of Saddam Hussein and Iran is a theocratic republic with a growing democratic reform movement. Whilst many Islamic states have moved closer to democracy, the aforementioned groups and States along with several other Islamic States, particularly in the Middle East, advocate the death penalty as a capital punishment for many different types of crimes.

    • Word count: 1548
  23. Popular Culture Essay. In my essay I will scrutinise feminism in advertising. We live in a world surrounded by commercial advertisements

    In doing so, popular culture often results in stereotyping people such as women, the disabled and other minorities because depicting them as stereotypes is easy. With advertising as another form of popular culture the stereotyping becomes very bold to ensure fast selling of huge volumes within a short time. To make achieving these targets, manufacturers/ capitalists will not have time to build up their own characters meaning stereotyping must be used. Although these manufactures of these manipulated mass cultural images say popular culture mirrors or echoes the society, the opposite is also true.

    • Word count: 2704

    Expert Knowledge ? someone that has knowledge, skill and is qualified in a particular subject. 2. Lay Knowledge ? someone who does not have specialized knowledge or training in a subject. This report will examine three examples of risk and will detail not only expert information but it will review lay opinion as well. 1. Firstly the cycling and the benefits of wearing helmet will be assessed. 2. Then a case study that detailed an allotment and the hazardous substances found in the soil.

    • Word count: 1986
  25. Compare and contrast Goffmans and Foucaults explanations of how social order is made and remade.

    He believes that social change comes about due to actions being built and rebuilt (E. Silva, 2009, page 317). Goffman examined rituals and interactions in everyday lives and saw how tact and trust were shown through the use of actions, gestures and language between strangers. Strangers exchange a number of codes of civil indifference through implicit contracts which both allow acknowledgement and protection. However, order breaks down when these codes are misinterpreted or misread and on some occasions punishment follows. First impressions are important and Goffman believes that individuals ?put on a show? to try and manage the impression they are giving which helps us to read the situation and categorise people to make a sense of order.

    • Word count: 1518

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