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University Degree: Social Theory

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 3
  1. A Short Summary and Evaluation of Talcott Parsons Functionalist Contributions

    In 1927 he took up a position at Harvard University where he remained for the rest of his academic career. First among his contribution to be considered is his patterned variable of action.Pattern variables according to Parsons & Shils (1951) are the principal tools of structural analysis outlining the derivation of these categories from the intrinsic logic of social action which is the inherent dilemmas of choice facing actors. There are five pattern variables of role-definition that Parsons discusses, although he says that there are many more possibilities.

    • Word count: 578

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Expound Durkheim's theory of anomie, bringing out the acute and chronic types. Evaluate Durkheim's view that the main source of the malaise of modern society lies in this phenomenon. How could it be minimised?

    "In conclusion, the idea of 'anomie' is still very much relevant today and is especially evident in modern society, where we are further separated and divided by computer technology, the Internet, increasing bureaucracy, and specialisation in the workplace. Perhaps more than ever before, members of Western society are exposed to the risk of anomie. However, much of Durkheim's ideas of anomie have been criticised and even Merton's theory has been criticised for assuming too much conformity and consensus along with an overly integrated view of society, and an over socialised view of people."

  • "Classical sociological theory has likttle relevance in understanding contemporary employment" - discuss

    "In conclusion, classical sociological theory still helps us to understand how best to deal with complex employment situations and how to re-order society to give the workforce more status and involvement. It must be noted, however, that there are limitations to the theories because of the way the workplace has changed since Marx and Durkheim's time. Their theories can be used as a basis for analysis, but not as definitive guides to understanding contemporary employment."

  • "Compare and evaluate Durkheim and Tonnies' accounts of social integration in modern societies"

    "In conclusion, both Tonnies and Durkheim present views on social integration within modern society, and they have both shown how social integration has adapted over time. Society has become increasingly diverse, and although this may mean that communities may have suffered as a result, and social integration may have weakened in some respects, it has also given rise to great freedom of expression and freedom of choice. Durkheim has displayed how individualism and solidarism are compatible and can both live along side each other, however he has also shown possible problems that may occour from this social situation. In a large city it would be impossible to say hello to every body as you walked down the street, and although Tonnies may argue that this reflects a decline in social integration, Durkheim may argue that this reflects an interdependent functioning society."

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