• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16
  17. 17
    17
  18. 18
    18
  19. 19
    19
  20. 20
    20
  21. 21
    21

Today is an era of movement and migration and human uprootedness.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

INTRODUCTION Today is an era of movement and migration and human uprootedness. People around the world are in a constant quest to, improve their lives, flee from political repression, and escape from natural and/or man-made disasters (Augie Fleras and Jean L. Elliot, 2002: 242). Immigration is a major social phenomenon that involves more than just a physical relocation, but importantly it is the adaptation to a new environment and, some would agree that, individuals that are more flexible, assertive and those who are better decision makers are more apt to becoming successful migrants. Immigrants vary not only in their individual points of origin and destination, and in the skills they bring, but they also vary in their reasons for migrating. For most migrants the choice to migrate is influenced by economic reasons, which differs from migrant to migrant (J. A. Jackson, 1969: 111), thus economic possibilities appear to be the common thread that instigate migration. Individuals from Third World countries are more prone to violate the terms of their visa to overstay their visits in North America to pursue economic possibilities, which may be generalized as a: * Desire for social advancement, which includes: o Betterment for children and self o Higher learning o Gainful employment o Hope for a new beginning o Upward and social mobility And, this might include owing a house, an automobile or becoming an entrepreneur; all these things symbolize success for many migrants, and most individuals who seek to fulfill these possibilities, and more, may well consider themselves to be economic-oriented migrants. Barry Chiswick (2000) claims that economic migrants move from one place of work and residence to another either within a country or across international boundaries, and they tend to be more ambitious, aggressive, and entrepreneurial (61). Hence, illegal immigration within Canada and America could mostly be influenced by a quest for economic attainment. ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION Illegal immigration occurs when a person's presence is in violation of the law, or when the person engages in fraud or misrepresentation, or arrived without proper documents at ports of entry. ...read more.

Middle

That day, about four people were apprehended and pushed into an unmarked van. Everyone had to identify themselves to the officers or else get thrown in the van. Usually the ones [immigration officers] wear regular clothing so you can't recognize them easily. Anyway, over the years, I've come to have a second-sense of cautiousness. I came here to make money to send to my family, and I wasn't going to let them catch me before I was ready. Boss man was not even upset that he was fined, but was upset that they took three good, dependable workers. From that day on there was always a lookout person, and those who were illegals were made to work at the back of the factory. Boss man was also more cautious when it comes to hiring illegals, but even so, he still employed them because he was able to get away with many tax restrictions and pay cheap salaries that no Canadian would feel comfortable with.6 Workplace raids can be a good way of catching illegal immigrants. However, adding to the realism, it can be disruptive, affecting citizens, legal residents and undocumented individuals alike." Shelly Carey 7 who came to Canada for economic reasons also recalls a similar situation where she was nearly apprehended by immigration officials in a home on Lansdowne Avenue in downtown Toronto. She recalls getting a telephone call warning her to get out of the house. The person on the other end of the phone, she says, informed her that a person called immigration officials to search out the home because of the prevalent drug use and sale. Unfortunately, Dawn along with two other persons, who were illegally residing in Canada for several years, were detained and questioned by three men from Immigration Canada. Shelly points out that the officers came in an unmarked white van, wore regular attire and could be mistaken for businessmen. ...read more.

Conclusion

Finally, illegal immigration has become a major social phenomenon and many countries are seeking ways to curtail and combat this crisis; and although immigration laws are enacted to prevent people from abusing the system, this does not deter the flow and trend of illegal immigration into Canada and America. NOTES 1. Saudi, Mani. Immigration Matters, Toronto, Share Magazine, 1993, 2. See W.G. Robinson, "Response to the Report entitled: Illegal Immigrants," Issue Paper, Feb. 15, 1983, pp: A80. 3. Audrey Thomas sponsored herself under humanitarian and compassionate grounds and was successful in her gaining landing status in 1999. She is now a Canadian citizen and resides in Hamilton, with her husband. 4. See "Offenses Related to Documents," Immigration and Refugee Act, 2002, 122(1) pp: 42. 5. Pauline Cole was unsuccessful in her application with Citizenship and Immigration Canada. She now resides in the United States. 6. Ray Plunkett married his high school sweetheart in Canada and eventually got his permanent landing. However, this marriage was not successful. Today Ray is married to Olga, who he is sponsoring, and resides with her and their child in Toronto. 7. Shelly Carey has not yet received her landing status in Canada. Currently she is seeking legal advice and is hoping to sponsor herself under humanitarian and compassionate grounds in 2004. 8. See David North and Marion F. Houstoun, "The Characteristics and Role of Illegal Aliens in the United States Labour Market: An Exploratory Study" (1979). 9. See Rita Simon and Margo Delay, "The Work Experience of Undocumented Mexican Women Migrants in Los Angeles," published by International Migration Review, (1984) pp: 1212-1229. 10. Refer to) on Human Smuggling and Trafficking, 2002, 117(4) pp: 41. 11. "Chinese Migrants in Central and Eastern Europe: The Cases of the Czech Republic, Hungary and Romania," published by Migration Information Programme, Budapest, Hungary, Sept. 1995, pp: 2, and also in New York Times, June 14, 1995, pp: A12. 12. See Robert L. Bach and Rita Argiros, "Economic Progress Among South East Asian Refugees in the United States," in Adelman (1991), pp: 322. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree International Relations section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree International Relations essays

  1. An initial statement on your choice of case study: Why have you chosen that ...

    Strikes set up vastly and the country's economy was paralysed. The tsar was persuaded to sign a Manifesto and to establish constitution and Russia became a constitutional monarchy. Strikes finished in October, 1905 and year after the promised parliament, the Duma, was convoked.

  2. Critically evaluate the concept of human security

    the security of state borders should give way to concern with the security of the people who live within those borders. Beyond this consensus, however, there are different definitions adopted by different organizations. A second challenge is that of trying to change the security paradigm at a time of heightened attention on national and state security.

  1. International cooperation against drugs. We will see at first what are the international ...

    From a legislative standpoint, the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations sets the broad policy guidelines regarding the drug problem and is assisted by two supervisory bodies: Commission on Narcotic Drugs provides the Economic and Social Council opinions on priorities for action and ensures the implementation of control

  2. How important are international institutions for the operation of todays globalized economy?

    Mindful increased financial market volatility; many scholars have recognized the importance of established institutions but also argued for the creation of new regulatory entities. Jeffrey Sachs proposes an international bankruptcy court and George Soros a formation of an international deposit insurance corporation.

  1. Analysing the Six Day War - Neorealist view

    Hence, Nasser's only viable choice was to exercise brinkmanship, that is to put on a show of force to satisfy the Arab countries and to deter Israel but not to actually wage a war. Nasser had already done so once in 1960, but unfortunately, this time it was a badly miscalculated decision that sent the wrong signals to Israel.

  2. Compose a report on the sovereignty of Tanzania

    resources it can sell to private companies and foreign states, this is particularly important due to the fact that the sale of some lands and resources have led to the displacement of Tanzanian?s. Alternatively, the African Union could allow African states to privatize their natural resources, so long as the

  1. Why did Americas commitment to Vietnam deepen throughout the 1960s? How come America lost?

    manpower resulting heavy American and South Vietnamese casualties without fully engaging the war. They had the illusion that this strategy could bring victory and underestimated North Vietnam?s determination and ability. This strategy led the enemy to retain the advantage, which North Vietnamese and Viet Cong demonstrated in the 1968 Tet Offensive.

  2. Analyse the key features of the study of International Relations. How does the subject ...

    Its relative youth therefore makes International Relations very different from other academic disciplines. As a meta-theoretical field of study, IR ?explores the underlying assumptions of all theory and attempts to understand the consequences of such assumptions on the act of theorizing and the practice of empirical research.?[22] This differs from

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work