What is globalisation? Is it a new phenomenon? If not, how is this wave of globalisation seen to differ from what has come before?

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130011722 Robert Bickerstaffe

What is ‘globalisation’?  Is it a new phenomenon?  If not, how is this ‘wave’ of globalisation seen to differ from what has come before?

The issue of globalisation is one of the most fiercely debated by academics around the world. The question of what globalisation is can take many answers, with the word defined by UNESCO as, circumstances arising from the changing character of the production, consumption and trade of goods (UNESCO, 2003). Globalisation has different meanings to others, and may be viewed as not one process but as several, including perhaps globalisation of the economy, of knowledge and governance (2007).

The background to most for the word ‘globalisation’  will be statements that one cannot avoid these days, claiming that the world is getting smaller, that we now live in a global village and that geography is now obsolete. Trade and communications are like never before. Where once it could take weeks to deliver documents to the other side of the world, it now takes seconds due to current systems.

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Whether or not globalisation is a new phenomenon of recent decades, or a continuation of a theme that has continued for more than a thousand years, can be debated, but it is reasonable to accept that the term itself is known now more than ever. Professor U. Beck claims in his book, "globalization is a new game with expired rules and basic concepts of the old game" (Beck 2007). Beck like many others is among a group who would consider that globalisation began with the age of airplanes and personal computers that kicked on global relations. Many academics would dispute ...

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