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Each year 1 million people die from malaria. Discuss whether these deaths are avoidable and what is being done to prevent and treat the infection

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Introduction

´╗┐Each year 1 million people die from malaria. Discuss whether these deaths are avoidable and what is being done to prevent and treat the infection. Student Number: Word Count: 2197 Each year 1 million people die from malaria. Discuss whether these deaths are avoidable and what is being done to prevent and treat the infection. ?It occurred to me that malaria was a genocide. How was it that we had a disease that killed a million-plus people a year, and we let it happen? This was a genocide of apathy.? (Ray Chambers, Lifeblood, page 70) Malaria kills a million people a year, and infects up to 500 million more. It is calculated that in lost work days, expenses and wasted potential it costs Africa $30-40 billion a year (A. Perry, Lifeblood, page 11) .This expense could be spared as malaria is a preventable and curable disease. Malaria is caused by a protist parasite, of which there are 4 species that can infect humans. Of all the types of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum is the most serious, and accounts for the majority of the life-threatening cases of malaria each year. Malaria attacks the human body through entry via an Anopheles female mosquito, and goes on to destroy red blood cells and affects many vital organs include the liver, kidneys and spleen. Malaria is mainly present in Africa, Asia, the Middle East and South and Central America. Due to the nature of the parasite, it is the leading infectious killer in the world and therefore an important global health issue. ...read more.

Middle

The recombinant virus could be used to manufacture a cheap malaria vaccine in large amount, all that is needed to do is harvest infected tobacco or tomato plants and process them for immunogenic proteins. Another drug still in the experimental stage is NITD609, which although so far has only been tested on mice, has promising results. The drug is said to be able to fight the parasites that cause malaria, as the mice injected with the drug were free from malaria after just one dose. Costs in the USA for malaria research come in at $612 million, showing that substantial efforts and funding is being put in (The Economist, 22 Oct 2011). However this could be used for funding the preventative methods and cures that we already have for malaria, controlling it before a new vaccine is even needed. A treatment that has shown to work already is Intermittent Preventative Treatment (IPT). IPT is the dispensation of a course of an anti-malarial treatment to a certain amount of the population, whether they currently have malaria or not. The purpose of this is to reduce the malaria burden in the specified population. This is especially important for children and pregnant women. While this has been set out in the WHO?s Malaria Report 2010, it still needs wide scale implementation to work, and there is not enough funding for this. The first thing that is stopping malaria from being a disease of the past is that eliminating malaria in a stable country is a lot easier than doing so in an unstable country. ...read more.

Conclusion

go without, enough IRS so that each household can spray their walls to reduce the mosquitoes life cycle, and money should be given to educate people living in malaria prone areas about how they can improve their environment so that the number of mosquitoes is reduced. Appendix Appendix A: Appendix A. This table shows the global resource requirements in millions of US dollars, that were estimated to be needed in the Global Malaria Action Plan, with the idea of removing malaria as a problem in the world. (WHO Malaria Report 2010, page 11) Appendix B: Appendix B. This shows the funding for malaria-related initiatives for the past 7 years, including where the funding comes from. (WHO Malaria Report 2010, page 12) Appendix C: Appendix C. This table shows the countries within African that have a decrease in cases of malaria between 2000 and 2009. Countries in bold have tried malaria-prevention initiatives. Countries with a cross by their names have had low levels of malaria for the time period. Countries with a star by their names have substantial improvements in several areas of their country but not wide-scale improvement. (WHO Malaria Report 2010, page 41) Appendix D: Appendix D. This table shows the countries outside of Africa that have a decrease in cases of malaria between 2000 and 2009. Countries in bold have tried malaria-prevention initiatives. Countries with a cross by their names have had low levels of malaria for the time period. Countries with a star by their names have substantial improvements in several areas of their country but not wide-scale improvement. ...read more.

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