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University Degree: Healthcare

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 20
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  1. Marked by a teacher

    The problem for unpaid carers is that they have few rights and resources but many roles and responsibilities. Discuss this statement in the context of entitlements and support for carers.

    4 star(s)

    Everyone has different experiences of caring and carers come from a diversity of differing lifestyles and circumstances. Some carers have a passion to help others and will provide unconditional amounts of care and time not only to their direct family, but also to neighbours, friends and members of the community. However, in some cases, carers feel they have a duty to provide care for the individual because it?s their partner, sibling or parent and can see it as more of a burden. Caring, like many other roles has it advantages and disadvantages. Some carers get a great sense of achievement when the service user responds to them in a positive way.

    • Word count: 3480
  2. Marked by a teacher

    A personalised induction will always be more effective. Discuss. Base your answer on the theoretical concepts and techniques presented in class

    4 star(s)

    Modalities are used to communicate with the outside world using five senses: visual for sight, kinaesthetic for touch, auditory for hearing, olfactory for smell and gustative for taste. A person's modality is the sense that they feel the most comfortable using. However, for certain people they can be comfortable with using more than one modality at the same time. There is a sixth modality which is referred to as digital, this refers more to people who think mostly in language and symbols.

    • Word count: 2002
  3. Marked by a teacher

    Role of Radiography in Modern Imaging Service. The Interventional Radiology; Guidance for Service Delivery (2010) aims to guide local service development of interventional radiology through summarising clinical evidence and by illustrating

    4 star(s)

    Despite the different models of service delivery posed the potential impact on radiology departments are likely to be similar. The Royal College of Radiologists (date) report the need to overcome various barriers to improving interventional radiological departmental services. These include: * Equipment availability * National shortage of radiologists, radiographers and interventional radiology nurses * Current radiology departmental opening times * NHS IT strategy Recent data (see figure 1; appendix 1) illustrates huge percentage increases in imaging examinations and hence workload over the last three years; and whilst there has been a significant improvement in the availability of equipment, according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the UK lags behind other European countries in terms of radiology equipment provision (European Society of Radiology 2011).

    • Word count: 3866
  4. Marked by a teacher

    The relation between age and fertility. Over time women become less fertile so there is a lower chance of conceiving and higher chances of miscarriage, when they give birth they are more likely to experience difficulties and the born child is more likely

    4 star(s)

    From this time onwards your fertility starts to decrease. (3)According to the Human Fertilization and Embryology Authority, "At 35 you're half as fertile as when you were at 25; at 40 you're half as fertile as when you were 35". Meaning that the time it takes to conceive gets much bigger over a relatively small amount of time. In fact by the time women are in their early 40's or late 30's they may have trouble conceiving at all and become infertile. (3)There are a variety of reasons fertility decreases with the main one being the reduction in ovary function.

    • Word count: 3292
  5. Marked by a teacher

    The purpose of this assignment is to complete a health needs assessment within a defined community. It will seek to explore socio-economic factors and health issues. The community is a small town in the North of England with a geographical area approx 9 s

    4 star(s)

    which details a five step process. Step one defines who the population is, step two identifies health priorities which then builds a profile about the population group to target and benefit, step three looks at identifying conditions impacting on the community and identifies any gap in service provision which would lead to a proposed change ready for steps four and five, the development and implementation of and action plan and then evaluating its effectiveness (NICE 2005). Due to word constraint, only steps one, two and three will be explored.

    • Word count: 4401
  6. Marked by a teacher

    Health promotion. This essay will discuss the definitions of health promotion and empowerment, and how the two are interlinked. I will also be talking about my artefact and which health promotion models have been used to enable the production of my artefa

    4 star(s)

    Cook, R (2000:48) states that this method of distribution is a very beneficial one, as many men are easily embarrassed by this subject and the artefact could help overcome this barrier, as they don't need to ask the information, it is easily accessible. Health promotion is used to raise awareness and educate individuals about the necessity to change their lifestyles. The World Health Organisation (1986) defines health promotion "as the health and well being of the whole population rather than a specific disease, and it enables people to take control over their own health to help to improve it," whilst Naidoo and Willis (2001)

    • Word count: 3436
  7. Marked by a teacher

    MRSA. About 1 in 3 of us carries SA on the surface of our skin, or in our nose without developing an infection. This is known as being colonised by the bacteria

    4 star(s)

    Today it is no longer used except as a means of identifying this particular type of antibiotic resistance. (Hernan, M, D & Chang, R 2006) MRSA is no more infectious than other types of SA bacteria. However, MRSA infections are more difficult to treat due to the antibiotic resistance of the bacteria, Antibiotics can still be used to treat the MRSA- the infection may simply require a much higher dose over a much longer period, or use of an antibiotic to which the bacteria is not resistant. MRSA is viewed today as a current topic and is often associated with patients in hospitals as they often have an entry point for the bacteria to get in such as a surgical wound or intravenous tubing, but it can also be found in patients not in hospital.

    • Word count: 2680
  8. Marked by a teacher

    This essay will attempt to discuss the importance of safer s*x health education and the importance of health promotion in this area.

    4 star(s)

    Freedom from fear, shame, guilt, false beliefs and other physiological factors inhibiting s****l response and impairing s****l relationships. Freedom from organic disorders, disease and deficiencies that interfere with s****l and reproductive functions ". This definition appears to focus on the positive elements of a s****l being with an element of negativity surround "disorders and disease". The author has recently completed a placement a Watford general hospital and was given the opportunity to visit the Genito-urinary medicine clinic and observe the nurses giving advice and treatments to patients and was able to gain a better understanding into the specific role that they perform.

    • Word count: 1265
  9. Marked by a teacher

    THE HEALTHY SCHOOLS INITIATIVE AND SCHOOL MEALS REVOLUTION Have school meals changed for the better, and are children aware of the importance of healthy eating as a vital part of daily life?

    3 star(s)

    There are also comparisons made with school meals of generations from the 1940's through to the 1990's, in an attempt to see how the school meals have changed, in nutrition, taste and choice. It would appear that the meals today are well received and children are certainly becoming more educated on the benefits of healthy eating through school programmes, and this study delves into the stories behind the headlines, and attempts to prove that the change in school meals is certainly for the better.

    • Word count: 11590
  10. Marked by a teacher

    Describe any one approach to identity. Discuss how this approach can help to explain the identities of people with disabilities.

    3 star(s)

    Therefore, does not take into account when a person becomes disabled succeeding adolescence. Tajfel's Social Identity Theory allows for a significant change in any stage of life and could well have been a good choice of an approach to identity for the purpose of this essay. However, I think that the criticism of this particular theory is that it could be seen to trivialise major social differences, such as disability, due to it being based on laboratory-based studies from simplified social processes.

    • Word count: 1785
  11. Marked by a teacher

    Health And Social Care A01 Unit 2 Communication

    3 star(s)

    Written communication is central to somone working within a care setting, as in care work there are always writen records to support any treatment or decision authrozied by the service user as these could be proven useful at a later date. The rules of governing writing are different compared to oral communication. In a health care setting accuracy and darity is exteremly important, as many people know, when having a conversation with someone then repeating to someone else some

    • Word count: 1608
  12. Marked by a teacher

    The purpose of this essay is to carry out an assessment of a patient and present a plan of care of three specific problems that the patient has encountered. The model chosen to guide the care plan is the Roper, Logan and Tierney's Model of Nursing

    3 star(s)

    The rationale for choosing Jane was because I was involved in her care. I also wanted to emphasize on the function of nursing, which is to assist the individual to prevent, alleviate or cope positively with problems (actual and potential) related to activities of living (Roper et al 2000). IDENTIFICATION AND ANALYSIS OF THE ROPER-LOGAN TIERNEY MODEL OF NURSING The ward uses the roper, Logan, Tierney (2000) model as its theoretical framework for assessment. The model is applicable to the lifespan of a person from infancy to old age and contains the idea that actual and potential problems can place a person anywhere along a continuum from total dependency to independence.

    • Word count: 3344
  13. Marked by a teacher

    Unit 10 care practice and provision

    3 star(s)

    WPCT has fourteen general practices, sixteen pharmacies covering both rural and urban areas, twenty dental practices. The WPCT looks after the health care of the population of all parts of the Wokingham area; it works in partnership with the Wokingham district council which is also part of the Thames valley strategic health authority, other Local PCTS and NHS Trusts, Voluntary Organisations and the Bracknell Forest Borough Council. They work in partnership with these organisations to ensure all aspects of health, social and other of the best possible care is available for people within Wokingham.

    • Word count: 8503
  14. Marked by a teacher

    The reasons for increased interest and use of complementary therapies are not well understand ,though many opinions have been offered .Some have suggested that the move towards complementary therapies represents a '' flight from science

    3 star(s)

    There is growing recognition of the interplay between mind and body upon the state of an individual's health and wellbeing. Discussion: The reasons for increased interest and use of complementary therapies are not well understand ,though many opinions have been offered .Some have suggested that the move towards complementary therapies represents a '' flight from science ''(Smith ,1983).In all studies ,patients using complementary therapies tend to be those will relatively more education and higher incomes (Sharma ,1992).These results are 'not compatible with a picture of a patient unable to understand the medical possibilities or to make discriminating choices'(Fulder and Munro ,1985).

    • Word count: 2328
  15. Marked by a teacher

    Social work assessments are an art and a science.

    3 star(s)

    However a balanced approach suggests that social work assessments are an art and a science. "Assessment has to partake of scientific theoretical, artistic, ethical and practical elements, something which has long been recognised by practitioners, and regarded as traditional in social work and all the helping profession". (Clifford 1998:233) The purpose of why assessments are undertaken is to reach conclusions that explain, predict and evaluate in order to suggest intervening methods. Therefore they should be focused and factual. It should also be a needs led approach, which looks at what is needed to make a difference rather than looking at what is available.

    • Word count: 3178
  16. Marked by a teacher

    Critical Success Factors of e-prescribing.

    3 star(s)

    Decision support aids the clinician by allowing the most appropriate drug to be selected for the patient's condition. It also has the potential to warn the patient about allergies, potential drug interactions and ensure that medication doses are correct, in relation to the patients height, weight etc. Administration The administration element of electronic prescribing software assists nursing staff to correctly distribute drugs and therapies to inpatients. As a result it completes the electronic medication record and permits the removal of drug charts.

    • Word count: 1519
  17. Marked by a teacher

    Poverty and healthcare.

    3 star(s)

    Poverty is used here to indicate a fixed and minimum set of basic resources which all individuals are said to require in order to physically sustain life. This definition however, appears rather narrow in relation to social problems as highlighted by Bephage (1997), who argues that what is considered as basic needs in one society, may not always be appropriate in another society, because cultural needs differ according to the society lived in. Relative poverty which is given as an alternative to absolute, according to Bephage (1997)

    • Word count: 1762
  18. Marked by a teacher

    Elderly people in Residential Care.

    3 star(s)

    Grundy and Arie (in Tinker 1992:161) have suggested that residential care is needed for those who need round-the-clock support and live alone. Current provisions which stem from the 1948 National Assistance Act require local authorities to provide: 'residential accommodation for persons who by reason of age, infirmity or any other circumstances are in need of care which is not otherwise available to them' (CPA, 1996 for full definition see Annex A). Residential care: consist of respite care, short stay and full time residential care.

    • Word count: 3721
  19. Marked by a teacher

    Critically Assess Sociological Explanations for Inequalities in Health by Gender

    3 star(s)

    This is probably because women are more sensitive to the symptoms of illness and family health. It is much easier for the women/mother to see their GP than a man because generally their partners are the full-time worker, which makes it harder for them to see a doctor. Women are more likely to be labelled by their GP when it comes to psychiatric diagnoses. Szasz(1966) argues that such labels are confusing, e.g. the label of 'clinical depression' may disguise the fact that someone is very miserable The approach further suggests that the statistics could also be wrong because of the lifestyles that men are socialized into.

    • Word count: 1048
  20. Marked by a teacher

    Concepts of Health, Health Care And Health Promotion.

    3 star(s)

    (Statutory Instrument cited in Perry A. 1997: 58). But what is health? The1948 WHO definition of health as, "...a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity" (Hogston R, Simpson P. 1999:27) has been openly questioned, as most people who consider themselves 'healthy' would not say they had 'complete' well-being. Many diabetics and asthmatics live 'healthy' lives despite their 'illnesses'. As the concept of health differs between individuals, it may seem easier to define ill health using Miles' definition, (cited in Perry A.

    • Word count: 3118
  21. The aim of this qualitative research study is to determine the affects of personal therapy on trainee counsellors.

    This for me suggested further investigation in to trainee experience was needed. Another study which was investigated was a qualitative study into the experience of mandatory personal therapy during training by Murphy, D (2005) Murphy investigated the involvement of personal therapy on the trainee counsellor's emerging processes in particular their: "reflexivity, growth, authenticity and prolongation" Murphy (2005). Once again he found positive results of therapy and stated that although forty hours mandatory therapy is effective it would be useful to have personal therapy throughout the degree course. From my personal experience I felt that I agreed with Murphy and Oteiza that more than forty hours personal therapy would help trainee counsellors personal growth.

    • Word count: 1616
  22. BACP Ethical Framework evaluate the ethical, professional and audit issues which may arise.

    Do I take it for granted that the conversation was confidential, even though it was in passing? Is this something I need to discuss with him? Yes I think I should discuss this with him. Are there also any legal implications involved as a counsellor working within the GP practise which I need to consider? I will need to review my contract. If I do not tell her and she moves away and her mother later dies, will that push my client over the edge, she has already mentioned she has considered overdosing. Are her suicidal thoughts due to the Prozac (medication)

    • Word count: 2406
  23. Effects of Prenantal Drug Abuse

    During pregnancy, the drugs used by the mother can enter directly into the baby's bloodstream. The most serious effects on the baby can be HIV infection, prematurity, low birth weight, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, small head size, stunted growth, poor motor skills, and behavior problems. A mother's continuing drug use puts her children at risk for neglect, physical abuse, and malnutrition. It may be difficult for some pregnant women who are addicted to drugs to just impede their abuse. Many women who use drugs have had troubled lives. Studies have found that at least 70 percent of women drug users have been s******y abused by the age of sixteen.

    • Word count: 968
  24. Psychological Aspects of Aging. Aging is not an easy process, especially when you have to do it alone. Housing is an important source of continuity in the lives of most middle aged and older people.

    However, aging in place is a rising phenomenon as older Americans express a desire to continue to live in the houses and neighborhoods where they raised their children. They value their Independence, are comfortable with their neighbors, and want to continue to live in surroundings with which they are familiar (Hartje, 2004). The U.S department of Health and Human Services Administration on Aging (AOA) encourages the development of housing and communities that allow citizens to age in place. Life expectancy for a person born in 1900 was less than 50 years old.

    • Word count: 891
  25. American Red Cross Case Study

    The American Red Cross follows seven fundamental bylaws, which all Red Cross societies must obey: humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service, unity, and universality. The Stakeholders The ARC has a stakeholder obligation to fulfill its charter's expectations and deliver these promises effectively and efficiently. Some of the organizations stakeholders are their volunteers/employees, donors, communities, governments and regulators, and non-government organizations. The volunteers and donors are especially important given that the ARC is a non-profit organization that depends on their volunteers to provide service for those in need.

    • Word count: 710

"From caring comes courage."

-Lao Tzu

If you're a warm, practical person who has always been interested in protecting the most vulnerable, then a university degree in health care could be a good next step for you. There are a number of specialties to choose from, including cardiac physiology and audiology, or you can opt for a more general degree like Health and Social Care. Health care degrees are vocational in nature, so many will include hands-on experience within the three year structure.

Students of health care should be prepared to write eloquently on a range of issues within health policy and social care, especially for the more theoretically inclined degrees. If you need help with the written portion of your coursework, visit Marked by Teachers' collection of student-submitted essays on subjects allied to medicine. Study the teacher-marked examples, and before you know it, you'll be able to re-shape your own work into something excellent.

Due to the vocational nature of the degree, most graduates from will seek out care jobs, although some may go on to use their skills for roles withinresearch, consulting, teaching and management.


Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Identify the kinds of information that a frontline manager needs to carry out their role. Discuss some of the issues that they will need to handle to be effective when managing information

    "Conclusion It is clear from working on this assignment and within health and social care that a great deal of a manager's time is taken up with dealing with information. In the course reader (Mintzburg, (2003), p.291) Mintzburg identifies, during a study on this subject, that a chief executive could spend 40% of their time on duties associated with the transmission of information, I feel that this percentage could actually be higher for frontline managers. It is also clear that soft, informal information can be just as important as hard, more formal information and that both are needed to do the job of managing successfully. However, all information can become muddled, can be mismanaged and can be abused. A great deal of power comes with the holding of information and a manager needs to have good ethics in order to deal with information in the correct way. All health and social care workers, at every level also need these good ethics as information can be abused by anyone, not just managers. Health and social care still needs to move forward with regard to information technology and the use of databases but still needs to be mindful of the fact that we work with people rather than machines. We also need to be more forthcoming with regards to training in these areas."

  • Identify a health issue related to module content and discuss its impact on an individual/group from biological, social and psychological perspective. Discuss strategies to overcome the problem.

    "In conclusion it can be seen that alcohol produces a range of biological, psychological and social effects in adolescents. These effects combined with an individual's underlying personality and immediate environment can result in antisocial behaviour. There is clearly a need for more research on the effectiveness of prevention programmes if a national strategy is to be developed. The research into the effectiveness of brief interventions is encouraging and therefore Health Care Professionals should give out appropriate advice to at risk patients whenever possible."

  • Review and discussion of 1993 meeting between the United States President Bill Clinton and Italian Prime Minister Carlo Ciampi to discuss US-Italian cooperation on a variety of domestic and international affairs.

    "In conclusion, the Italian and American Constitutions created provisions limiting authoritative and centralized rule but, also, hindering massive national welfare programs like health care. The nature of limited government makes implementing large welfare overhauls difficult because representative governments open the doors to a variety of different interest groups. Furthermore, the legislative process in such governments creates systems prone to inefficient compromises. Large welfare programs such as national health care are marked by their need to be well organized and planned out, and such compromises too often impede such meticulous arrangements. Other political institutions further cramp the legislative process, like the party systems, lobbying, and regionalism. Simply stated, the nature of health care butts heads with the nature of weak, decentralized governments found in Italy and the United States. Despite their countless historical and cultural differences, Italy and America fall victim to a common enemy when it comes to significant health care reform: themselves. Without changing their institutions that impede comprehensive national welfare program legislation and implementation, meaningful advances to both their health care systems is doomed."

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