George McCrea Professor Mark O'Connor English 1302 April 26, 2003 "Illegal Immigrants and Hospitals" Many hospitals through out the United States are plagued with many problems that prohibit them from being an effective part of every day life. When one goes to a hospital, they have all intentions on being treated. In most scenarios when one goes to a hospital, they are treated. Hospitals give care to all genders, and race. There are no restrictions that prohibits a hospital from giving care to a specific race are gender if they are a legal citizen. Hospitals today are facing the question as to whether are not they should provide service to non-Americans which would consist mostly of illegal aliens, who can not afford to pay the hospital bill. The World Encyclopedia noted an illegal aliens as "A non citizen living in a country without authorization from the government"(51). There is a lot of controversy that follows this question in a number of states in the United States. Texas, which is considered to be a "hot spot" for illegal immigrants, would be a perfect example of one of those states that deals with a lot of illegal immigrants receiving free hospital care. On a typical day an illegal immigrant or citizen will get hurt, go to the emergency room, receive treatment, go home, and never pay the bill. So what is the problem? The problem is that, these illegal
Choose At Least a Twenty Year Period and Explain and Explore (Using 'Social Constructionism' and 'Power') How Ideologies of Welfare Have Changed and Developed In relation to your work in the field.
CHOOSE AT LEAST A TWENTY YEAR PERIOD AND EXPLAIN AND EXPLORE (USING 'SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIONISM' AND 'POWER') HOW IDEOLOGIES OF WELFARE HAVE CHANGED AND DEVELOPED IN RELATION TO YOUR WORK IN THE FIELD. The move away from the post-war consensus of Welfare Services, in which the state played the central role towards the new mixed economy of welfare that we see today, began under the Labour government in the late 1970s, but was hugely influenced by the incorporation of New Right ideologies into mainstream Conservative party politics when they came to power in 1979. This essay will attempt to examine over the twenty-year period between 1979-1999 how ideologies of welfare have changed and developed in the area of support for people with learning disabilities and mental health problems. In order to do this, the social and economic conditions that led to new policy implementations will be looked at along with the Thatcher Governments decision to attempt to "Roll back the State" in the area of welfare provision. How successful their aims were and what outcomes this had for people with additional needs will be measured in relation to the theory of social construction. Care in the Community initiatives and influential reports will be examined and how the dimensions of power have contributed to the changes that have taken place will be given consideration. Finally the impact and changes
Given the known risks from smoking, what action should governments and individuals take to protect health?
Caroline Ayanru Access to Social Work Training English Module essay Topic: Given the known risks from smoking, what action should governments and individuals take to protect health? The emphasis of health promotion rather than disease prevention is recognised as we move into the 21st Century. It is against this background that the actions of governments and behaviours of individuals will be presented with regards to health risks that exist from smoking. In order to understand these actions, tobacco advertising, which plays a key role in defining behaviour, will also be examined. Health and illness are difficult concepts to define. It is estimated that about 50% of premature deaths in Western countries can be attributed to life style (Hamburg et al., 1982). Smokers contribute significantly to this amount as they on average reduce their life expectancy by five years. To put this into perspective, each time a person smokes a cigarette, they take an average of five minutes off their life; the time that it takes roughly to smoke the cigarette. The most commonly quoted definition of health is provide in the constitution of the World Health Organisation (WHO, 1946). Yet, ironically, as recently as the 1940s, smoking was considered harmless and the general attitude was that smoking relieved tension. However, research (Smoking, Microsoft
HIV-Infected Health Care Workers Who Perform Invasive, Exposure-Prone Procedures:Defining the Risk and Balancing the Interests of Health Care Workers and Patients
Tammy L. Greene Assignment #4 HIV-Infected Health Care Workers Who Perform Invasive, Exposure-Prone Procedures: Defining the Risk and Balancing the Interests of Health Care Workers and Patients INTRODUCTION In the early 1990s, a report of a dentist who transmitted Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) to a patient resulted in mass fear and confusion among the health care industry, regulatory agencies, and the public at large. After conducting an extensive study, the United States Centers for Disease Control (CDC) confirmed that six patients of Dr. David Acer had become infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) while under his care in the early 1990s. (1) This incident, known as the "Acer cluster," however, is the only known transmission of HIV from a health care worker (HCW) to a patient in the United States. Because of obstacles to reporting exposures and unreliable data regarding how many physicians have been infected with AIDS, the fact that the Acer cluster is the only documented instance of transmission should not be considered dispositive. Further, the CDC's confirmation of a report in France of an orthopedic surgeon who was diagnosed with full blown AIDS in 1994 and transmitted the virus to a patient in 1992 during surgery demonstrates that the Acer cluster is not an anomaly. Some infection control experts hope that the incident in France will dispel
"Assess the success of the' community care' policies over the last two decades in providing for the long-term needs of the elderly."
"Assess the success of the' community care' policies over the last two decades in providing for the long-term needs of the elderly." Longevity has increased for both men and women during the course of the 20th century. Life expectancy at birth rose by over 28 years for females and 24 years for males between the years 1900 and 1980. Caring for older and more dependant people is therefore a major social policy issue nowadays. Although increased life expectancy is obviously a positive achievement, with it unfortunately comes the perception of being a burden. Many older people do want to feel that they are a burden. They want to live as independent a life as possible. The government introduced the Community Care Reforms, first described in a 1989 paper called 'Caring for People'. The NHS and Community Care Act 1990 made the necessary legal changes, which were fully implemented in 1993. This essay will aim to assess how successful the community care policies have been in meeting the main aim of elderly people and how much of a change the reforms have made to their everyday lives and what effect this will have on their long-term care needs. To do this, the essay will consider what problems existed in community care policy in order to bring about the reforms. It will then examine these reforms and the issues raised within them. It will then go onto look at the necessary legal
Use a study of children or adolescents with diabetes and a study of adults with diabetes to illustrate issues that arise when applying health psychology to a chronic illness.
Use a study of children or adolescents with diabetes and a study of adults with diabetes to illustrate issues that arise when applying health psychology to a chronic illness. "Illness is the night side of life . . . Every one who is born holds dual citizenship, in the kingdom of the well and in the kingdom of the sick". - Susan Sontag Lecturer: Sarah Hampson Word Count: 2586 Words Jennifer Sagor BSc Psychology Year 4 Since the mid 1900's we have seen advancements in medicine that at one point could only be dreamed about. There has been an accumulation of discoveries that demonstrate how diseases some of them renowned for their terrifying afflictions, could be eliminated forever. The 'development of extremely high-tech machines greatly advanced the diagnosis and surgery, and a massive drug industry has developed drugs to combat almost every illness'1. Since then medicine has become dominated by the pursuit of 'cures' or fast acting treatments mainly to the benefit of acute conditions but has also greatly increased the life expectancy of those with chronic conditions. The benefits of this success have surmounted even the wildest of expectations, but research suggests that this strong focus on acute care models has been at the expense of improving the care of those who cannot be cured meaning those with chronic illness2. Chronic conditions are 'any disease or condition
Six years ago, my grandmother suffered a sudden heart attack. With no knowledge of CPR, I called 9-1-1 and waited powerlessly for the paramedics to arrive. She died in the living room while I waited. I was the only person home at the time.
Six years ago, my grandmother suffered a sudden heart attack. With no knowledge of CPR, I called 9-1-1 and waited powerlessly for the paramedics to arrive. She died in the living room while I waited. I was the only person home at the time. My thoughts went to my grandmother when I awoke early last summer to the shrill sound of my mother's screams. Bounding to the living room, I found my little brother lying lifelessly in the arms of my mother. He had stopped breathing and was turning blue. I refused to let this happen again. Without hesitation, I snatched him from my mother, placed him on the floor, dropped to my knees and administered CPR. Nine long minutes passed before the paramedics arrived, and during that time, I managed to keep my brother alive. The ambulance rushed him to the intensive care unit at the local hospital where he spent several weeks making a full recovery. While I never felt responsible for my grandmother's death, I resolved at the time to learn CPR, and in doing so, embarked on a journey that would shape my career interests and save my brother's life. In sharing the story of my younger brother's cardiac arrest and near death, I learned that many people in my community lacked the training and emergency plan needed to save a loved one's life. Determined to address this risk, I initiated programs offering CPR training both at homes and at local high
Name: Krámer Kornél Course: BABL Year: III. Subject: Marketing of Services Tutor: Tom Owens Marketing strategy of a fitness club Table of contents Introduction 3 Research 3 Results 5 Targeting 9 Positioning 9 West tends to east 9 The Triplet Border of Schengen 10 Companies focused in the industrial park 10 Based on the processing industry 11 30000 students 11 Unlimited estate market 11 The script for employees 12 Know the "ideal" client 13 Become an expert 13 Use multi-step marketing 13 Get some help 13 Customer care program 14 Implementing the ideas 14 Introduction What does fitness mean? Is it a way of life? A far away dream? A constant struggle? Is it about joy and pleasure, or deprivation and punishment? The way man view the process can determine his or her level of success. Many new fitness enthusiasts start off on the wrong foot, and even veterans can be led astray. There are some important points to remember: eating is not about willpower, exercise isn't a penalty, and deprivation is never a successful long-term strategy. A healthy routine should be based on adding things to life not taking them away. It's about trying delicious new foods and moving body and mind in ways that inspire people. For example: learning a new exercise; reading a book on T'ai Chi or triathlons; taking a rock climbing lesson; spend time thinking about ways to enrich
Drug Abuse In Contemporary Society By: Aisling Bevins, Caitriona Lydon, Eimear Nolan, Fiona O'Donoghue & Catriona O'Neill. Subject: Applied Social Studies Year: 2 Class: X Lecturer: Gerard Spillane In the following assignment we will be looking at drug addiction and substance abuse among society. Firstly we shall define terms such as 'drugs', 'substance abuse' and 'dependence'. We will then look at the sociological perspective of drug abuse and its seven sociological stages; how age and peer pressure can result in this type of abuse, and the four stages linked with peer pressure; the main drugs being abused along with the physical and emotional effects on the abuser; the effect on the abusers family; and finally the range of services available for substance abusers and addicts. The term 'drug' can be used to refer to any substance (other than food) that chemically alters the functioning of an organism. Since ancient times people have used drugs to stimulate or relax, to bring on sleep or prevent it, to enhance ordinary perceptions, or to produce hallucinations. Substance abuse is a pattern of use that displays many adverse results from continual use of a substance. The characteristics of abuse are a failure to carry out obligations at home or work, continual use under circumstances that present a hazard (such as driving a car) and legal problems such as arrests
Public policy and health in the UK and the USA Odin W. Anderson in his article "Issues in the health services of the U.S." claimed that the United States of America and the United Kingdom occupy extreme ends of the market plus/ market minus continuum as far as their respective health systems are concerned. It is true that the U.S. system is market oriented, and that there is often a high degree of government intervention in the operation of the health system of the U.K., however, developments in both countries have arguably effected their position upon this continuum. It is the purpose of this essay to outline the key features of both the U.S and the U.K.'s health systems in relation to their evolution over time. I also intend to discuss the problems facing both systems, which are often remarkably similar, and to outline the variations in policy style employed to tackle such problems. In so doing I hope to make explicit what might explain the variations to be found when comparing the two countries systems. The health system to be found in the United Kingdom is seen as a good example of the `direct' model of health care provision. It is a system of universal coverage paid for out of general taxation and administered by the state. Access to health care depends upon the need for treatment, and such treatment is free at the point of service. This system is both supervised by,