Nursing Practice Problem and PICOT Question: What effect does health promotion on mental wellbeing have on nurse use of psychiatric service treatment?
Quantitative and Quantitative Studies Name of Student Institutional Affiliation Course Name Professor's Name Due date ________________ Quantitative and Quantitative Studies Nursing Practice Problem and PICOT Question PICOT Question: What effect does health promotion on mental wellbeing have on nurse use of psychiatric service treatment? Population of choice: Nursing staff at the Oklahoma City Hospital Intervention: Promotion of mental wellbeing Control or Comparison group: Nurses that lack awareness on mental heath Objective or Outcome: Advancement of mental wellbeing resources Time: sensitization duration will run from the 26th of April to 19th May, 2021. Background The quantitative study by Tsaras et al. (2018) observed how nursing falls under the category of the most difficult and mentally exhausting careers. It is well accepted that most nurses struggle from stress and anxiety as a result of their jobs. Tsaras et al. (2018) conducted research to identify predictors of medical disorders risk by evaluating the prevalence and associated facets of anxiety and depression of care workers working in public psychiatric facilities. In terms of nursing relevance, identifying main variables that predict depression and anxiety in nurses' psychiatric facilities can help provide a better understanding of their mental well-being processes. It will also be beneficial in
Health and Illness The Black Report (1980) Townsend and Davidson (1982) as cited in Senior and Viveash, (2005) found evidence to support the view that the higher a person's social-class the more likely they would have good health. The report used infant mortality rates, life expectancy, mental illness and causes of death of people in different social-classes. This indicated that at birth not every person shares an equal chance for a long and healthy life based on their social class. Taylor and Field, (2007) stated that the Black Report was sanctioned by the Acheson Report in 1998. The Acheson Report also recommended that the government should focus on reducing child poverty, income inequalities and poor living conditions. Having low income can also affect a person's health in midlife. Ogden (2007) postulated that the lower social-classes have unhealthy lifestyles and behaviours, such as smoking, drug and alcohol abuse that led to more illnesses and earlier deaths. The higher social-classes have values and beliefs that lead to healthier behaviours and lifestyle choices. However, Davey Smith (2003) argued that morbidity and mortality rates are higher in adults later in life as a result of poor nutrition, social and environmental condition during pre-conception, infancy and early childhood. A study was conducted on adults who contracted Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) and it
The Importance of Health Promotion and Well Being Word Count: 2194 According to the World health organization (WHO) health can be defined as "...a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." (WHO; 1946) This definition of health is very impractical as it suggests that if a person does not poses all these qualities then they are deemed not healthy, however this notion does give us a platform to discuss what health is. The suggestion that health may be something other than the absence of illness presents a new holistic view of health, Ewles and Simnett (1985) proposed six areas of human existence in which health may be considered, social, spiritual, societal, physical, mental and emotional concepts of health. Health promotion on the other hand "is a process of enabling people to increase control over their health and its determinants, and thereby improve their health." (WHO, Ottawa Charta 1986) This suggests that health promotion is a form of health education given to patients in able to empower them to take control over their health. Health promotion aims to give equal opportunities and resources to everyone so they can take control of the things that determine their health. This essay will identify the key principles a nurse needs to carry out health promotion to enhance patient well being, it
The Care Value Base The care value base is beliefs about the right way to treat patients/clients. The care value base can form part of a code of conduct. Care work aims to improve a clients quality of life by meeting their needs (pies). The care values are based on a set of shared values which the whole of our society agrees on. Such values are made legal by the human right act, which became the law in the UK on October 2nd 2000.It is from the human rights act that the care value base originates. Promoting anti-discrimination practice; * freedom from discrimination * the right to be different * Aware of assumptions, made surrounding, gender, race, age, sexuality, disability and class * Understand prejudice, stereotyping and labelling * Use of language (political correctness) Maintaining confidence of information * Secure recoding systems * The need to right and know * Value and protect clients Promoting and supporting individuals' rights * Dignity * Independence Promoting individuals from abuse * Free from any type of abuse- verbal, physical, sexual, neglect and emotional. Promoting effective communication and relationships * Provide and obtain information * Express values * Express and understand needs, fears and wishes * Maintain identity * Providing individual care * Control of own life * Respect * Needs catered for * Improve
Biopsychosocial/Biomedical Model Summary Throughout the first section we looked at the biopsychosocial model which looks at curing medical illness through social treatments and improvements. The psychological part of this model revolves around the potential causes for a health problem such as the lack of self control, whereas the social part of the model investigates the factors such as their socio-economic status. The model is based on cognitive theory as it implies that treatment of disease requires that the influence should come from a patient's way of functioning. Whilst looking at this model we covered the basis of hyperkinesis, according to Weller (2009) he defines hyperkinesis as a condition in which there is excessive motor activity as developmental hyperactivity of children is characterised by very restless impulsive behaviour. Hyperkinesis is often associated with children often between the ages of two and four who have a poor attention span and the inability to concentrate. It is becoming more common through adolescence as it links with hyperactivity and restlessness; it is also become a recognised disorder due to high numbers of children being diagnosed with hyperactivity. I have come to the conclusion that with hyperkinesis both parents and teachers identify possible symptoms and then report this to their local doctor so that they can be diagnosed. However, I
Florence Nightingale. Florence Nightingale was born on 12 May 1820 in Florence, Italy the year after Queen Victoria was born. She was raised in Derbyshire, England. Her father did not educate her at a school but at home where she was given a classical education which was unusual for a girl. When Florence was young she was very interested in nursing and in 1849 she started studying hospital systems in England and in Europe. In 1850 she began training as a nurse at the Institute of St Vincent de Paul in Alexandria, Egypt. It was a Roman Catholic hospital. After that she went to Paris, France and then she finished her studies at the Institute for Protestant Deaconesses at Kaiserwerth, Germany. Florence was so well trained that she became superintendent of the Hospital for Invalid Gentlewomen in London in 1853. In 1854 the Crimean war broke out. When Florence read about the appalling conditions at the British Hospital barracks she immediately wrote to the British Secretary of War volunteering her services to work in the hospitals. Unaware of this the Minister of War was proposing that she should take charge of all nursing operations at the War front. Florence set off with 38 British nurses for Scutari (now part of Istanbul, Turkey) and found the following shocking conditions. 1. The men can lie in filth for 2 weeks before being seen by a doctor. 2. The men are lying on
Accountable Practitioner- Consent Caulfield's (2005) Four Pillars of Accountability provides a good overview of the elements that need to be addressed in relation to the professional role. This assignment will look at three of the pillars: relevant legal, ethical and professional issues that impact on the role of a nurse. Other areas that can inform professional judgement and decision-making practice include clinical guidance from the Department of Health (DoH), the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE), alongside information from the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) and the General Medical Council (GMC). All of these have been looked at by my group throughout the module and will be considered when forming this essay. This assignment will discuss my leaning throughout the module and analyse my development as an accountable practitioner. I will also discuss the accountability of student nurses and reflect on my branch of nursing which is Mental Health. Towards the end of my assignment I will write a critical incident report which will reflect on an event which happened on a past placement regarding my chosen topic. Hendrick (2004) interprets accountability to be about justifying your actions, omissions and decisions. And in order to be accountable you must have the necessary knowledge to explain the motives behind your action (Dimond, 2005). In the School of
Within this assignment I will be looking at effective discharge planning to include all members of the Multi Disciplinary Team in order to meet all needs of the individual
The Department of Health 2010 suggests “Discharge or care transfer is an essential part of care management in any setting. It ensures that health and social care systems are proactive in supporting individuals and their families and carers to either return home or transfer to another setting. It also ensures that systems are using resources efficiently. This practical resource provides practitioners and organisations with advice to support improvements in how they manage the discharge of individuals and transfer of care between settings.” Within this assignment I will be looking at effective discharge planning to include all members of the Multi Disciplinary Team in order to meet all needs of the individual in question. I will look at problems which may arise once the patient has been discharged and provide nursing interventions and the rationale behind these interventions. In this instance I will be providing a discharge plan for a gentleman, who for confidentiality reasons in accordance to the NMC code of Conduct 2008 which states “You must respect people's right to confidentiality” I will refer to as Mr S. Mr S is 87 years of age, lives in a flat and is mainly house bound, although he does go out occasionally with his family. He has a carer who comes in twice daily to help him with his personal care. Mr S cooks his own frozen microwave meals for lunch and his
Case Study. This essay will examine the nursing process involved in managing chronic venous leg ulcers (CVLU).
This essay will examine the nursing process involved in managing chronic venous leg ulcers (CVLU). The decision to focus on CVLU was made during a community placement where their treatment accounted for more than half of nurse’s workload. According to Posnett et al. (2009), CVLU affect 1-2% of the UK population with over half having an active ulcer for more than one year, costing the National Health Service (NHS) between £266- £314 million. Personal cost to individuals living with CVLU was highlighted by Briggs & Flemming (2007). They report the majority of CVLU sufferers find it incapacitating with physical impacts such as pain & reduced mobility along with psychological impacts of low self-esteem, depression & social isolation. NHS Choices (2012a) define leg ulcers as sores below the knee that are non-healing by six weeks. They advise that different ulcers such as diabetic, traumatic & arterial ulcers can occur however Brown (2011) states around 80% of ulcers are venous. CVLU occur when blood in the lower extremities cannot adequately return to the heart causing hypertension & congestion in the legs. This occurs when calf muscle pump function is reduced, failing to pump blood back towards the heart or if valves in the leg veins that normally prevent blood flowing backwards are damaged. Pressure forces blood and fluid through the capillaries, resulting in irritation to
The purpose of this paper is to briefly describe leukaemia, provide a discussion of the role of the nurses in the early diagnosis, prevention as well as follow up of patients as far as leukaemia is concerned, provide a teaching plan, and identify local resources within the Wilkes-Barre community in Pennsylvania.
Leukaemia Leukaemia Author Institution Name Course Number/Name Instructors Name Date of Submission Leukaemia Leukaemia is the word that is commonly used to refer to a set of disorders which involve the increase within blood circulation of immature leucocytes which are known as blasts (Koren and Lishner, 2010). These may also be referred to as haematological neoplasms and are associated with systems such as the circulatory system and the lymphoid system besides organs such as bones (Shapira, Pereg and Lishner, 2008). Leukaemia may be considered a word that describes a broad spectrum of malignancies associated with the immune system cells and organs (Gribben, 2008). The purpose of this paper is to briefly describe leukaemia, provide a discussion of the role of the nurses in the early diagnosis, prevention as well as follow up of patients as far as leukaemia is concerned, provide a teaching plan, and identify local resources within the Wilkes-Barre community in Pennsylvania. Leukaemia affects more adults in comparison to children with 90% of those diagnosed with the disease being twenty years of age or older. The various types of leukaemia include acute lymphoblastic leukaemia whose subtypes include precursor B acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, precursor T acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, Burkitt’s leukaemia as well as acute biphenotypic leukaemia