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University Degree: Pharmacology
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Using the structural, historical and cultural dimensions of the sociological imagination, identify the critical issues that relate to how western medicine has responded to the challenge of alternative medicine.
Its biological in nature, therefore it reduces illness to a biological process. Its scientific in nature, thus regards the scientific method as providing the only means by which to access valid knowledge. Its mechanistic in nature, therefore conceptualizes the separation of body and mind and perceives the body as a machine of which a disease is a malfunctioning part that requires fixing, and the biomedical model emphasize on finding a cure, rather than prevention of the disease. In contrast, alternative medicine practitioners regard health and illness not only as a physical matter, but also as an emotional and spiritual one.
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NMDA receptors are affected which was said in a new study that the interactions with dopamine and glutamate neurotransmitter pathways are a key factor in the regulation of the inhibitory affects of alcohol and brain function. They found that alcohol stops the NMDA glutamate receptor, which is a reason you feel "drunk".
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On April 28 1994, it was reported that some bacteria in patient samples could resist all currently availible antibiotics (2). In order to prevent this from happening on a massive scale, the use of antibiotics should be kept to a minimum and there should be larger investments into alternative treatments. During 1979-1987, 0.02% of pneumococcus strains were penicillin resistent in 13 hospitals in 12 states and in 1995, the figure had increased to 6.6% (3). This shows how quickly the resistance of a particular strain can widely increase and so action against the use of antibiotics must take place as quickly as possible.
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The medical benefits of cannabis have been proven by extensive medical research. This research has led to disproving many myths about the drug, e.g. it does not cause cancer, damage the lungs, impair short-term memory, nor causes brain damage. It is tobacco that cannabis is usually smoked with which causes these illnesses. Cannabis helps to ease pain, nausea and vomiting caused by serious illnesses such as cancer, AIDS, Multiple Sclerosis. It can improve the quality of life of many sufferers. It is less harmful than tobacco or alcohol. It should be a matter of choice whether or not people smoke cannabis because it is a fundamental human right that they can decide for themselves and this has been taken away as the decision has been made for them.
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There are many Biosimilars being developed in the market which are waiting to be approved. POTENTIAL MERITS AND DEMERITS OF BIOSIMILARS: MERITS: Biosimilars had come as a boon to the biologists when there was a concern of biopharmaceuticals patent expiration. They are cheaper versions eliciting the same biological effects as that of original biopharmaceuticals. They help in treatment of many orphan diseases. DEMERITS: Biosimilars are not identical with biopharmaceuticals in structure, manufacturing and purification. There are many potential problems identified with Biosimilars which include: * Patient safety and Immunogenecity: As biosimilars are not similar to biopharmaceuticals, the potential risk associated with them is also different.
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