The purpose of this assignment is to discuss the psychological, sociological and social policy perspective of a case study and discuss the impact which it has on public health. The key aspects which are crucial to this assignment are Jasons confusion a

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The purpose of this assignment is to discuss the psychological, sociological and social policy perspective of a case study and discuss the impact which it has on public health. The case study which I am going to be discussing involves a sixteen year old boy named Jason who lives with his parents in a wealthy suburb of a large city. He is experiencing confusion regarding his sexuality and thinks he may be gay. He doesn't know how to approach the subject with his parents as his father has made homophobic comments previously. He is also spending increased amounts of time out of the house with his peers, consuming alcohol and smoking cannabis. His work at college is also suffering.

I am going to look at the key aspects of the case study. The key aspects which are crucial to this assignment are Jason’s confusion about his sexuality, his drug and alcohol abuse, the rebellion against his parents and homophobia, not just from his parents, but also from his peers and a brief history to make a clear picture of homophobia through the years.

Approximately 10% of the population is gay, lesbian, or bisexual (Robinson et al, 1994). However, among school-aged youths, only one to three percent identifies themselves in these categories (Kessel et al, 1998). It is estimated that 5–7% of the population may belong to a gay, bisexual and transgendered group (Keogh et

al, 2004). This could be due to confusion of sexuality or the difficulty surrounding “coming out” as a gay man or woman in society. The fears of “coming out” surround the ideation that they would be criticized and ridiculed by the community and their peers.

Within regards to Jason's sexuality, confusion is a common thing surrounding people of this age, but can stem from early childhood and as early as infancy, as children are often pressured into gender roles, such as blue vs. pink. This type of behaviour is usually “drummed” into children’s head by their parents by repeatedly telling children things such as “girls like boys and boys like girls”. It is not common for parents to accept boys who show feminine traits, such as playing with dolls. Fathers pressure their sons into what they deem as acceptable games and behaviours such as playing football and rugby and being very rough and tumble, where as girls are expected to play house with the barbies and dolls and are told to be very girly and gentle.

People can become labelled as homosexual by other people and teased and taunted, even though the taunted person may feel heterosexual. If a young boy is doing something which others view as to be feminine, they can be labelled as a homosexual, often given taunts and remarks such as “gay boy”, “willy woofter” and “faggot”. Gender roles can influence peoples own opinions on others, such as men wanting to become nurses. Some people automatically assume that you must be gay if a man wants to become a nurse and it is a female’s role to become a nurse. However, research shows that Nursing is predominantly female, but has a growing population of male practitioners, with an increasing interest in the forensic field.

 The teenage years is the time in which we begin to gain an identity and it is a distinct developmental stage in which dramatic neurological changes affect brain function and behaviour (Herman, 2005). Gay people who are scared to come out can often lead a self-destructive lifestyle in the hopes that people do not assume that they are gay and will carry on accepting them. Several models of gay psychosocial development describe the initial stages of awareness and confusion about same-sex attractions, followed by acknowledgment of homosexuality, disclosure to others, and eventual integration of sexual identity into a comprehensive sense of identity . This can be a distressing time and can cause confusion as to which sexuality is a person’s preference. Family relations are often painful, and gay adolescents are susceptible to loneliness, isolation, depression, and suicide (Radkowsky & Siegel, 1997). The role of the parent is significant in helping to form an identity and self-esteem. The role of the parent as well as peers and their reaction to a disclosure of homosexual identity is significant in the formation of positive sexual identity and a strong sense of self-esteem (Coenen, 1998). Parents are role models in children’s lives and are who children aspire to be when they are growing up. All children expect their parents to be supportive of their choices in life and want to make their parents feel proud of them. Negativity towards homosexuality from parents can be very confusing for homosexuals, especially if they are yet to “come out” and become open about their sexuality. They may feel that they are letting their parents down and may become less than their parent’s expectations. Fears surrounding never having biological children can influence a homosexual person.

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Adolescents have adapted their language and terminology in recent years. They are known to call homosexual people derogative names such as “faggot”, “queer”, “puffter” and “fudge packer” to name a few. This type of language is very demeaning and insulting, and also can be threatening and frightening. Harassment of gays is believed to be especially harmful during adolescence and young adulthood and is linked to the unusually high suicide rate among lesbian and gay youth (D’Augelli, 1992). The terms “fag” and “queer” have also begun to become normative names for heterosexual males to call each other as a bit of ...

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