MRSA. About 1 in 3 of us carries SA on the surface of our skin, or in our nose without developing an infection. This is known as being colonised by the bacteria
MRSA MRSA (sometimes referred to as the superbug) stands for methicilin-resistent Staphylococcus aureus (SA). SA is the bacterium from the Staphylococcus aureus family. It was discovered in 1961 in the UK, it is now found worldwide. (www.mrsasupport.co.uk) The organism Staphylococcus aureus is found on many individuals skin and seems to cause no major problems. However, if it gets inside the body, for instance under the skin or in the body or into the lungs, it can cause important infections such as boils or pneumonia. Individuals who carry this organism are usually totally healthy, have no problems whatever and are considered simply to be carriers of the organism. About 1 in 3 of us carries SA on the surface of our skin, or in our nose without developing an infection. This is known as being colonised by the bacteria. However in addition to the boils and pneumonia, you call also contract impetigo, if they get into the bloodstream they can cause more serious infections. (www.nhsdirect.nhs.uk) The term MRSA or methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus is used to describe those examples of this organism that are resistant to commonly used antibiotics. Methicillin was an antibiotic used many years ago to treat patients with Staphylococcus aureus infections. Today it is no longer used except as a means of identifying this particular type of antibiotic resistance.
THE HEALTHY SCHOOLS INITIATIVE AND SCHOOL MEALS REVOLUTION Have school meals changed for the better, and are children aware of the importance of healthy eating as a vital part of daily life?
Student U0939171 ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ MODULE ED3000 ________________ ________________ Independent Research Project ________________ ________________ THE HEALTHY SCHOOLS INITIATIVE AND SCHOOL MEALS REVOLUTION ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ Have school meals changed for the better, and are children aware of the importance of healthy eating as a vital part of daily life? ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ By ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ STUDENT : U0939171 ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ A Dissertation Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the BA (Hons) Early Childhood Studies ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ Cass School of Education ________________ ________________ University of East London ________________ ________________ April 2012 ________________ CONTENTS Abstract Page 4 SECTION 1 Introduction
Describe any one approach to identity. Discuss how this approach can help to explain the identities of people with disabilities.
Describe any one approach to identity. Discuss how this approach can help to explain the identities of people with disabilities. Introduction Identity is the term used to describe who a person is in the way they see and react to the world around them. Identity is constructed by how we see ourselves and how we think other people perceive us. For decades, (the first psychological theory of identity being created by William James, 1890) psychologists have conducted research into this field in order to understand how people make sense of the world and how they go about their everyday lives. At the present day there are three main approaches to identity: Erik Erikson and James Marcia's psychosocial approach; Henri Tajfel's Social Identity Theory (SIT); and Social Constructionist theories. All three approaches can be applied to the identity of people with disabilities but for the purpose of this essay I will be focusing on the Social Constructionist theories. This is mainly because I feel that social constructionism it is the theory that allows a more fluid approach to the identities of people with disabilities. For example, Erikson and Marcia's psychosocial approach, although has scope to explain the identities of those with disabilities in adolescence through normative crisis, it can be argued that it then ignores any significant changes in later life. Therefore, does
The reasons for increased interest and use of complementary therapies are not well understand ,though many opinions have been offered .Some have suggested that the move towards complementary therapies represents a '' flight from science
Complementary Therapies Introduction: Complementary therapies in health care are not new. The use of herbs, oils, lying on of hands or the treatment of forms of energy within the human body appears to have existed in some form or another for thousands of year. Social trends and cultural change similarly influences a person's health care beliefs. As a result ,some health care practices such as herbalist or healing have been the object of persecution during certain periods of social history .Perhaps current health care trends demanding choice in health care treatment are simply social trends and a response to consumer desire in the search for the 'Panacea for all ills'. Interestingly the shift towards individualised forms of health care is not only occurring in one small area of western society but, according to the British Medical Association (BMA), a number of indicators suggest that there has been an increase in the use of non-conventional therapies not only in the UK but also in the US and in Europe. Additionally, the successful use of preventive medicine and enhanced quality of health in the West has resulted in an increasingly critical reflection of the way in which health and illness is perceived and care meted out when treating disorders. There is growing recognition of the interplay between mind and body upon the state of an individual's health and wellbeing.
Health And Social Care A01 Unit 2 Communication
Communication A01 There are many different ways in which you communicate with somone, these include, oral communication, written communicaion, computerised communication, and communication for people with special needs for example, braile, sign language and makaton. Oral communication is communication by the word of mouth for example having a conversation with someone requires the development of skills and social coordination meaning to show an interest, being able to interest the person you are having a conversation with and having the ability to start and end conversations. Argyle 1983 devised a model called the, "Sender and Reciever Model." This model encodes oral messages by the sender and then decodes by the reciever: Sender Encodes Message Decodes Reciever Thompson 1986 argued that communication is important for two reasons such as, enabling people to share information and enabling to have relationships with people as Thompson claimed that, "relationship is the communcation." Oral communication helps with everyday tasks such as, * Problem solving * Greeting people * Asking for information * Providing support * Explaining issues and procedures * Exchanging ideas or Learning ideas Oral communication is central in being able to bond and to have relationships with people, health care workers have to have highly developed social
This essay will attempt to discuss the importance of safer sex health education and the importance of health promotion in this area.
This essay will attempt to discuss the importance of safer sex health education and the importance of health promotion in this area. Over the last twenty years, two events have occurred which have shaped sexual health promotion and education, specifically, the emergence of the HIV epidemic and the change in social attitudes towards sexuality and sexual behavior (Irwin, 1997). These events are in turn reflected in an increasing emphasis on primary prevention (DOH, 1992). Health promotion and health education within this clinical area is a legitimate role for the health professional and is an essential nursing function (Ingram-Fogel, 1990). In 1987 The World Health Organisation (WHO) discussed the issues of sexual health promotion and concluded that due to a wide range of individuals, cultures, social differences, sexuality and gender roles, there is no single definition of a sexually healthy individual. However, Curtis et al (1995) cites the WHO's (1986) description of sexual health state that, "He or she needs a capacity to enjoy and control sexual and reproductive behaviour in accordance with a social and personal ethic. Freedom from fear, shame, guilt, false beliefs and other physiological factors inhibiting sexual response and impairing sexual relationships. Freedom from organic disorders, disease and deficiencies that interfere with sexual and reproductive functions
The purpose of this assignment is to complete a health needs assessment within a defined community. It will seek to explore socio-economic factors and health issues. The community is a small town in the North of England with a geographical area approx 9 s
Health Needs Assessment The purpose of this assignment is to complete a health needs assessment within a defined community. It will seek to explore socio-economic factors and health issues to find what conditions are most prevalent within the ward and how they impact on the community. The assessment process will be guided by a framework which will explore all aspects of the community. Health inequalities have existed in society for at least thirty years that we know of. The first report on health inequalities was the commissioned Black Report by the then Labour government. This was then brushed aside when the conservatives came into power in 1979 (Acheson 1998). Both the Black report (1980) and Acheson's reports (1998) where commissioned to look at health trends and trends in inequalities faced by the population of the time, and to see how government and social policy could work best to tackle and improve these outcomes. The Acheson report looks at general health trends, socio-economic position, mortality, morbidity, income, education, employment, housing, homelessness, public safety, transport, health related behaviours and ethnicity (Acheson 1998). All of these issues will be explored as part of the process within this health needs assessment of the ward being discussed to build up a health profile of the community. What is health? ' [Health is] the extent to which an
Critically Assess Sociological Explanations for Inequalities in Health by Gender
Critically Assess Sociological Explanations for Inequalities in Health by Gender Inequalities in health happen. They are not just a biological fact, if they were purely biological we would see health and illness randomly occurring across the population, with virtually everyone having a similar chance of being ill, this is not the case. Inequalities in health both physical and mental vary depending on what class, ethnic or gender group that you may belong in. Sociologists have attempted to explain why men and women have different health chances, how gender roles are socially constructed, and are learnt through the process of socialization and not biologically determined. These social variations are assessed and explained within four general approaches of health inequalities. The social constructionist approach or artefact theory suggests that health inequalities are not actually as unequal as they first seem. Alison Mcfarlane suggests that 'the statistics are misleading'. An example of how morbidity rates are being exaggerated is that, women see their GP more frequently than men do and they report more illnesses. This is probably because women are more sensitive to the symptoms of illness and family health. It is much easier for the women/mother to see their GP than a man because generally their partners are the full-time worker, which makes it harder for them to
The relation between age and fertility. Over time women become less fertile so there is a lower chance of conceiving and higher chances of miscarriage, when they give birth they are more likely to experience difficulties and the born child is more likely
Difficulties with later pregnancies Problems with Older pregnancy The increased desires for a fulfilling lifestyle means women are leaving starting a family later and later. Whereas woman would normally have a strong urge to start a family they now want to succeed in a working world and leave having children until they have a secure relationship and financial stability. Higher standards of education in school educates children on better contraception and family planning meaning people don't start families until they feel 'ready'. However the increased risks associated with later pregnancies should be a factor in their decisions. Giving birth at a later stage presents (1) 3 main difficulties. Over time women become less fertile so there is a lower chance of conceiving and higher chances of miscarriage, when they give birth they are more likely to experience difficulties and the born child is more likely to have a Genetic disorder. All these problems mean that older pregnancy carries a much greater risk which should encourage people to give birth at younger ages. The optimum birth age is between 20-34, once you reach 35 the problems will start appearing. Figure 1 shows a steady increase of people aged between 30-34 and 35-39 giving birth, plus people aged 40+ are also slowly increasing in their birth rates. It also shows that people under 29 have been having fewer births. A
The problem for unpaid carers is that they have few rights and resources but many roles and responsibilities. Discuss this statement in the context of entitlements and support for carers.
The problem for unpaid carers is that they have few rights and resources but many roles and responsibilities. Discuss this statement in the context of entitlements and support for carers in 2010. Within this essay I aim to explore the valuable role unpaid carers play, their responsibilities, rights and entitlements. To do this I aim to examine the impact their caring role can have on their life, in terms of giving up employment, social activities, emotional and physical health and the lack of funding available for them to cope. The current legislation and recent polices will be examined to explore how they have developed to focus on the rights and recognition of unpaid carers. I hope to highlight the importance of the caring role and how new strategies and support needs to be implemented to enable carers to have a life alongside their caring role. Around 6.8million adults in Britain are carers. They provide care and support, on an unpaid basis, to relatives, friends and neighbours who are sick, disabled or elderly and who would not otherwise be able to manage (Brammer, 2010). For such a long time, carers have been almost invisible – taken for granted by those who provide services, or patronised, or (worst of all) treated as ‘part of the problem’. Carers make sacrifices of money, energy and time, and have been left unsupported, right up to the point where their own