MRSA. About 1 in 3 of us carries SA on the surface of our skin, or in our nose without developing an infection. This is known as being colonised by the bacteria
MRSA MRSA (sometimes referred to as the superbug) stands for methicilin-resistent Staphylococcus aureus (SA). SA is the bacterium from the Staphylococcus aureus family. It was discovered in 1961 in the UK, it is now found worldwide. (www.mrsasupport.co.uk) The organism Staphylococcus aureus is found on many individuals skin and seems to cause no major problems. However, if it gets inside the body, for instance under the skin or in the body or into the lungs, it can cause important infections such as boils or pneumonia. Individuals who carry this organism are usually totally healthy, have no problems whatever and are considered simply to be carriers of the organism. About 1 in 3 of us carries SA on the surface of our skin, or in our nose without developing an infection. This is known as being colonised by the bacteria. However in addition to the boils and pneumonia, you call also contract impetigo, if they get into the bloodstream they can cause more serious infections. (www.nhsdirect.nhs.uk) The term MRSA or methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus is used to describe those examples of this organism that are resistant to commonly used antibiotics. Methicillin was an antibiotic used many years ago to treat patients with Staphylococcus aureus infections. Today it is no longer used except as a means of identifying this particular type of antibiotic resistance.
This essay will attempt to discuss the importance of safer sex health education and the importance of health promotion in this area.
This essay will attempt to discuss the importance of safer sex health education and the importance of health promotion in this area. Over the last twenty years, two events have occurred which have shaped sexual health promotion and education, specifically, the emergence of the HIV epidemic and the change in social attitudes towards sexuality and sexual behavior (Irwin, 1997). These events are in turn reflected in an increasing emphasis on primary prevention (DOH, 1992). Health promotion and health education within this clinical area is a legitimate role for the health professional and is an essential nursing function (Ingram-Fogel, 1990). In 1987 The World Health Organisation (WHO) discussed the issues of sexual health promotion and concluded that due to a wide range of individuals, cultures, social differences, sexuality and gender roles, there is no single definition of a sexually healthy individual. However, Curtis et al (1995) cites the WHO's (1986) description of sexual health state that, "He or she needs a capacity to enjoy and control sexual and reproductive behaviour in accordance with a social and personal ethic. Freedom from fear, shame, guilt, false beliefs and other physiological factors inhibiting sexual response and impairing sexual relationships. Freedom from organic disorders, disease and deficiencies that interfere with sexual and reproductive functions
The purpose of this assignment is to complete a health needs assessment within a defined community. It will seek to explore socio-economic factors and health issues. The community is a small town in the North of England with a geographical area approx 9 s
Health Needs Assessment The purpose of this assignment is to complete a health needs assessment within a defined community. It will seek to explore socio-economic factors and health issues to find what conditions are most prevalent within the ward and how they impact on the community. The assessment process will be guided by a framework which will explore all aspects of the community. Health inequalities have existed in society for at least thirty years that we know of. The first report on health inequalities was the commissioned Black Report by the then Labour government. This was then brushed aside when the conservatives came into power in 1979 (Acheson 1998). Both the Black report (1980) and Acheson's reports (1998) where commissioned to look at health trends and trends in inequalities faced by the population of the time, and to see how government and social policy could work best to tackle and improve these outcomes. The Acheson report looks at general health trends, socio-economic position, mortality, morbidity, income, education, employment, housing, homelessness, public safety, transport, health related behaviours and ethnicity (Acheson 1998). All of these issues will be explored as part of the process within this health needs assessment of the ward being discussed to build up a health profile of the community. What is health? ' [Health is] the extent to which an
The relation between age and fertility. Over time women become less fertile so there is a lower chance of conceiving and higher chances of miscarriage, when they give birth they are more likely to experience difficulties and the born child is more likely
Difficulties with later pregnancies Problems with Older pregnancy The increased desires for a fulfilling lifestyle means women are leaving starting a family later and later. Whereas woman would normally have a strong urge to start a family they now want to succeed in a working world and leave having children until they have a secure relationship and financial stability. Higher standards of education in school educates children on better contraception and family planning meaning people don't start families until they feel 'ready'. However the increased risks associated with later pregnancies should be a factor in their decisions. Giving birth at a later stage presents (1) 3 main difficulties. Over time women become less fertile so there is a lower chance of conceiving and higher chances of miscarriage, when they give birth they are more likely to experience difficulties and the born child is more likely to have a Genetic disorder. All these problems mean that older pregnancy carries a much greater risk which should encourage people to give birth at younger ages. The optimum birth age is between 20-34, once you reach 35 the problems will start appearing. Figure 1 shows a steady increase of people aged between 30-34 and 35-39 giving birth, plus people aged 40+ are also slowly increasing in their birth rates. It also shows that people under 29 have been having fewer births. A
The problem for unpaid carers is that they have few rights and resources but many roles and responsibilities. Discuss this statement in the context of entitlements and support for carers.
The problem for unpaid carers is that they have few rights and resources but many roles and responsibilities. Discuss this statement in the context of entitlements and support for carers in 2010. Within this essay I aim to explore the valuable role unpaid carers play, their responsibilities, rights and entitlements. To do this I aim to examine the impact their caring role can have on their life, in terms of giving up employment, social activities, emotional and physical health and the lack of funding available for them to cope. The current legislation and recent polices will be examined to explore how they have developed to focus on the rights and recognition of unpaid carers. I hope to highlight the importance of the caring role and how new strategies and support needs to be implemented to enable carers to have a life alongside their caring role. Around 6.8million adults in Britain are carers. They provide care and support, on an unpaid basis, to relatives, friends and neighbours who are sick, disabled or elderly and who would not otherwise be able to manage (Brammer, 2010). For such a long time, carers have been almost invisible – taken for granted by those who provide services, or patronised, or (worst of all) treated as ‘part of the problem’. Carers make sacrifices of money, energy and time, and have been left unsupported, right up to the point where their own
A personalised induction will always be more effective. Discuss. Base your answer on the theoretical concepts and techniques presented in class
This essay will describe the benefit to put into practice a personalised induction, as well as how to create a script, in order to tailor a personalised induction. I will also show that it is not always possible to use a personal induction on a client. There are some points to take in to consideration when doing a personalised induction. Firstly, people are different in many ways. They have different likes and dislikes, cultural backgrounds and upbringings. These factors have provided us with different outlooks, values and perspectives. In order for the client to relax, a hypnotic induction must always have positive words and feelings, such as "you are more relaxed than you ever felt before". Negative words such as "the noise outside does not disturb you. It does not disturb you in any way", should never be used as it could produce the reverse effect. In order to have the best chance of success we need to do our best to achieve the most beneficial stat as possible. When communicating with other people it seems that we do so using language. This is not entirely true as research shows that words make up 7% of our communication, tone and volume 38% and our body language 55%. Generally in order to practice hypnosis the client will have to have their eyes closed. This is why the therapist has to be very careful on the words he uses. To be able to understand the client and to
Role of Radiography in Modern Imaging Service. The Interventional Radiology; Guidance for Service Delivery (2010) aims to guide local service development of interventional radiology through summarising clinical evidence and by illustrating
Role of Radiography in Modern Imaging Service Introduction The Department of Health (2010) defines interventional radiology as a minimally invasive alternative to open surgery or medical interventions achieved by using radiological imaging guidance. The need to improve equity of interventional radiology is recognised by the Department of Health in their publications; 'Interventional Radiology: Guidance for Service Delivery' (2010) and 'Interventional Radiology: Improving Quality Outcomes for Patients (2009). It is also recognised within the Department of Health White Paper Equity and Excellence; Liberating the NHS (2010). The National Confidential Enquiry (2005-2009) into patient outcomes and deaths clearly illustrates inequalities in provision. It reported, over a four year period, poor and inconsistent provision, throughout the country of both diagnostic and interventional radiological services. However there are many factors, or arguably constraints, such a geographical, financial, workforce and workload that currently impede equity in service provision. The 'Interventional Radiology; Guidance for Service Delivery' (2010) aims to guide local service development of interventional radiology through summarising clinical evidence and by illustrating how successful imaging services have been set up in such a way that enables good quality, equitable care by skilled
Health promotion. This essay will discuss the definitions of health promotion and empowerment, and how the two are interlinked. I will also be talking about my artefact and which health promotion models have been used to enable the production of my artefa
Empowerment in nursing practice The purpose of the assignment is to explore the principles of empowerment in nursing practice. This essay will discuss the definitions of health promotion and empowerment, and how the two are interlinked. I will also be talking about my artefact and which health promotion models have been used to enable the production of my artefact, together with the reason behind my design. The main topic within this essay focuses on testicular cancer awareness because it is widely believed to be on the increase, and psychologically this is a difficult subject to discuss with men; this issue will also be addressed. My clothing tag booklet is designed to increase testicular cancer awareness, provide information on self examination and stress the importance of early detection. Testicular cancer remains one of the leading cancers in young men ages 15- 35 years (Cancer Research UK 2003). Since the late 1970s incidence rates have doubled, however there is no evidence to suggest the cause behind this increase. (Orchid Cancer Appeal 2005). It is estimated that 1 in 210 men in the UK will develop this form of cancer by the time they are 50. (Orchid cancer appeal 2005). My artefact will therefore be designed to target young men between the age of 15-35. Research suggests that a large percentage of men are unaware of the risk of this disease and only 3% regularly