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Bletchley Park.

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Question 1 Bletchley Park (station X) was set up in 1938 by MI6 so that the British could crack the German code and know what the Germans where doing. It was just outside London near a town called Bletchley, it had good road and rail links and good communications, it wouldn't attract attention and it was in the countryside so expansion would be easy. Bletchley Park was the home of the secret Government Code and Cipher School. This was the centre of British code-breaking during the war. The code-breakers were specially chosen from among the cleverest people in the country. Some were brilliant mathematicians or linguists. By 1944 they had a big team to help them. Seven thousand men and women worked in shifts round the clock in small wooden or concrete buildings known as 'Huts'. Many did repetitive but important jobs like filing or operating the code-breaking machines. ...read more.


The 'Y' Stations also intercepted thousands of other enemy messages each day. Outside a 'Y' Station a forest of tall aerials picked up radio signals from as far away as the Soviet Union and Japan. Inside, a team of Morse code operators worked 24 hours a day, listening in to coded messages and writing them down. Your job would be to translate the Morse signals into letters and write them down as fast as you could. If you made just one mistake it would be impossible for the code-breakers to break the code. Control kept in contact with Y service all day and night. On average more than 3,000 coded messages arrived at Bletchley Park each day from the 'Y' Stations. Messages were taken to different 'Huts', depending on whether they had come from the German army, air force, navy or another source. A message from a U-boat would go to Hut 8. ...read more.


The huts were used to speed up the process of breaking codes; each hut had its own individual job making it easier work for the other huts. The huts connected to each other by a wooden box, messages from Hut 3 were parcelled and sent in a van to the MI6 headquarters in London at the end of each day. From MI6, orders and information were given to the army but sometimes the army didn't rely on the info because no source was given. Work was very strict and secret inside each hut so that spies wouldn't find out what was going on; the workers occasionally worked on a non stop basis, Workers rarely spoke to other workers from different huts and each employee at Bletchley Park was sworn to secrecy. Bletchley Park was set up to break the German enigma but it also broke other decoded messages such as the ones from the Japanese and the Italians. The huts system was well organised for efficiency, speed and secrecy. That is why Bletchley Park was so successful in its work. ...read more.

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