Georgina Thomas -AO2- "Explain the Part Pilgrimage plays in the life of Christians" There are many reasons for going on pilgrimage. Some go on Pilgrimage searching for God, to reaffirm their faith. Others go to have the opportunity to worship freely with other believers, a feeling of belonging, being 'allowed' to worship. Another reason is to go as an act of penance to make up for sin; this reason isn't as common as it was in the Middle Ages when priests would sometimes give pilgrimage as a penance The benefits from going on pilgrimage vary from person to person. A sense of belonging is one of the many things gained. The person I interviewed was a relative who went on pilgrimage in May of this year, she said 'I gained a lot from travelling; I had an overwhelming mountaintop experience whilst proceeding around the Stations of the Cross, meeting new people along the way'. She also said "the spiritual discipline showed me a kind of peacefulness I don't normally come across.' my relative believes she can find peace in Lourdes that she cannot get anywhere else. Others may say a lot is gained purely if you stay open to the new surroundings. Lasting friendships are gained in this way. Some pilgrims may strengthen their relationship with God and gain an understanding of their blessings and failings. Also pilgrims can realize how lucky they are, with good health and not take it for
"Explain what a study of Mark's Gospel can tell Christians about the nature of discipleship" By looking at Marks's Gospel we can find out a lot about the nature of Discipleship and the Apostles. The Apostles name's were Simon Peter, Andrew his brother, James the son of Zebedee, John his brother, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew the publican who changed his name from Levi to indicate a new life, James the son of Alphaeus, Thaddeus, Simon the Cananite and Judas. The word 'Apostle' means someone chosen out ordinary disciples to become a leader. When a priest/vicar is ordained, this means he is now an Apostle. An Apostle is anyone chosen to Preach. There is some controversy to whether Mary Magdalene is an Apostle, but according to Mark, she is not counted in the final twelve. Catholics would say that Apostles are only male leaders in the church, but in the Church of England they believe that any disciple can become an Apostle, male of female. The word Apostle is from the Greek word 'to send'. A disciple is someone who learns, listens and follows. Anybody can be a disciple and anyone who follows Jesus is a disciple. When Jesus called the Apostles, they were ordinary men with ordinary lives who all wanted something. The four fishermen wanted taxes to change and the tax collector Mathew led a comfortable life, but was lonely. There were two zealots in the group, and their
Jane Eyre-English Coursework "Explore how Bronte uses setting to reflect the experiences of her characters". Bronte describes every setting in "Jane Eyre" in a vast amount of detail, using a number of different language techniques, so as to portray the experiences of her characters, almost subconsciously, to the reader. She seeks also to convey the moods of her characters, using methods such as pathetic fallacy and symbolism, in order to express their emotions indirectly. Bronte uses all of these methods, as well as a number of scenes containing juxtaposition, and the overall structure of her writing style, consistently throughout the book, as she follows Jane through her life. Jane's personal changes and experiences, at each stage in her life, and those of her fellow characters, are powerfully communicated to the reader. Bronte employs close descriptive detail in her portrayal of Gateshead which reflects Jane's emotional turmoil. As well as this, she uses symbolism when setting the scene in the red room, in order to portray Jane's feelings and mood to the reader. For example, she describes all of the red objects within the room: " hung with curtains of deep red damask", " the carpet was red" and " the table at the foot of the bed was covered with a crimson cloth". These vivid, deep shades of red all are known to symbolise danger and blood, which usually tend to create a
"Explore some of the ways in which Bronte protests against the prevailing 19th century views on education and religion in the first nine chapters of 'Jane Eyre'."
The prevailing 19th century views on education and religion in the first nine chapters of 'Jane Eyre' "Explore some of the ways in which Bronte protests against the prevailing 19th century views on education and religion in the first nine chapters of 'Jane Eyre'." Imagine a girl growing up around the turn of the nineteenth century. An orphan, she has no family or friends, no wealth or position. Misunderstood and mistreated by the relatives she does have, she is sent away to a school where the cycle of cruelty continues. All alone in the world, she seems doomed to a life of failure. What's a girl to do? I think that Jane's later life is how Charlotte would have liked her own to be. It is like many stories, even those written in the present day, which is the author's fantasy. The fairytale-like ending resembles not just any fairytale, but one in particular, Cinderella. 'Jane Eyre' is set in the early to mid nineteenth century and we see how different life today is, compared with the time which Jane lived. Immediately we see that Lowood's religious education does not necessarily mean the orphans are treated well. Their food is basically inedible, their lodgings are cramped, and some of the teachers are cruel. Bronte drops a few hints about the suspicious goings-on when Helen reveals that "benevolent-minded ladies and gentlemen" make up the tuition and that Mr. Brocklehurst
"Explore the way in Which David Lean creates atmosphere and dramatic tension in 'Great Expectations' focusing on the opening churchyard scene and Pips first visit to Satis House."
Great Expectations: Media Course work "Explore the way in Which David Lean creates atmosphere and dramatic tension in 'Great Expectations' focusing on the opening churchyard scene and Pips first visit to Satis House." Tom Funnell Introduction The film "great expectations" is based on the novel by Charles dickens in the late 19th centaury, . Even when this film was made, one of the first with sound, there was a great use of cinematic devices. These where mastered by David Lean to create atmosphere and dramatic tension, especially in the opening scene and the scene where Pip meets Ms Havisham. The film was based on the novel "Great Expectations" written by Charles Dickens at the turn of the century. The genre for such a film would have to be a historic drama. Although the film was made in 1946 it is still a historic genre because the story was set in the late 1890s. This is because of the large doses of dramatic tension included in the film. While being set fifty years prior to the films release. It is a film all about the way a mans life can change just by money. We learn of how people change when the become wealthy after having been less well off. It is educational while being entertaining. It was written in a time of great social difference. You were either very poor or very well off. Dickens, the novels author, had had a clear view of the "rich/poor" divide. He was
"Family background and social class are most influential in determining voting behaviour in Britain." Discuss.
Essay: "Family background and social class are most influential in determining voting behaviour in Britain." Discuss. There are many different factors that affect voting behaviour in Britain, such as; media, political campaigns/broadcasts, opinion polls, tradition, social/family background, gender, age, ethnicity and even religion. These factors can be put into two groups, volatile; things which are more immediate such as campaigns, policies, opinion polls etc. and stable; things that are long term such as family/social background, religion, upbringing etc. People look to these factors, among other things, to explain why there is such a low turnout of voters in British General elections; in 1992 only 77.7% voted. This dropped to71.5% in 1997 and down to an unbelievable 60% in 2001. In this essay I am going to discuss these factors and determine which factors have more effect on voting behaviour, volatile or stable. Family background and social class are two factors which definitely fall into the 'stable' category. These are obviously stable as they are both long term pressures that occur in peoples lives from a very early age. I would certainly agree that these were influential factors because this determines what kind of life the person has, whether they are rich or poor, working or upper class, what education they had etc. In politics, these are all important as
"Far From The Madding Crowd" Blind Date Script. Graham: It's Blind Date! And here is your host, Miss Cilla Black! Cilla: Hello ladies and gentlemen, and welcome to Blind Date. In a moment we'll be meeting the lucky lady who gets to pick from one of these gorgeous guys! So, let's meet the boys! So, hello number 1; what's your name and where do you come from? Bo: Good Evening, Cilla. My name is William Boldwood, and I am from Weatherbury. C: Nice to meet you, William. So tell everyone a bit about yourself. Bo: Well, Cilla, I am a 42 year old bachelor, I own a large farm, and.... I'm incredibly wealthy! C: And, I understand, correct me if I'm wrong love, that you have had a nasty experience involving a Valentine's card? Bo: That is correct, Cilla. I once received a Valentine's card through in the mail, and I had no idea who the sender was. I was a little afraid, you see, it could have been anything. So, I erm, placed it on my mantelpiece. Well, then I couldn't stop thinking of it, so I stared at it for quite some time. C: How long for, love? Bo: For a matter of days, Cilla. C: Oh dear. Well I for one am always scared when the postman comes, I mean, when them bills get posted through my door I know I'm too terrified to open them for a week! C: Alright love, well, best of luck tonight, and please don't be scared of the date cards if you're picked 'cause we've only
"Far From the Madding Crowd" By Thomas Hardy. Why Did Bathsheba Send the Valentine and What Were the Consequences? Chapter XIII Sortes Sanctorum: the valentine. Bathsheba is a beautiful young female farmer who gets noticed by everyone (men that is) and loves being the centre of attention. This is what is happening at the corn-market in Casterbridge. Bathsheba is not interested in anyone but enjoys the interest that everyone gives her. However she is aware that one person isn't taking any notice of her, yet she feels a slight attraction. "A very good-looking man, upright about forty," is how she describes this mysterious man. He is Farmer Boldwood, but Bathsheba doesn't know this. When Boldwood comes to the door Bathsheba is already curious. She doesn't even know him, nor has she ever met him but she is already questioning who he is and thinking of the possibility of marriage to him. The following is a quotation taken from the book when Boldwood comes to Bathsheba's door and her maid answers it. "Who is Mr. Boldwood?" said Bathsheba. "A gentleman - farmer at Upper Weatherbury." "Married?" "No, Miss." "How old is he?" "Forty I should say - very handsome - rather stern looking." "What a bother this dusting is! I am always in some unfortunate plight or other," Bathsheba said complainingly... This shows that Bathsheba almost has an imaginary checklist in
Anna Galloway As Level Investigation "Finding out how much acid there is in a solution" PLAN I will carryout an acid-base titration to determine the concentration of hydrochloric acid (HCl); I will do this by making up a solution of sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) of known molarity. I will then citrate the unknown molarity of acid into the sodium carbonate; from these results it will enable me to calculate the molarity of the unknown acid. The reaction: Sodium carbonate + hydrochloric acid sodium chloride +water + carbon dioxide Na2CO3(aq) + 2HCl(aq) NaCl(aq) + H2O(l) + CO2 Planning to make the sodium carbonate solution: I already know that the approximate concentration of the hydrochloric acid is around 0.2mol/dm, from the above balanced chemical equation I know that 2 moles of hydrochloric acid react with 1 mole of sodium carbonate; therefore I will make a solution of sodium carbonate of 0.1 mol/dm^3. Half that of the approximate molarity of the hydrochloric acid, I have made it 0.1 mol/dm^3 so to keep the volumes of solutions being titrated of a sensible amount as regard to the size of glass wear available. Calculations: Sodium carbonate salts relative formula mass: Na2CO3 . 10H2O = 106 . 180 = 286 N.B there is 1 mole of sodium carbonate crystallised with 10 moles of water in this Salt Volume of sodium carbonate required per
How do different poets convey the idea of Love? "First Love" by John Clare was written in the 19th century. It is a poem about how the poet had fallen in love but it turned out it was unrequited. Whereas "Song" by W.H.Auden written in the 20th century, is a poem about how someone has been in love but then lost them to death. They are both quite similar in the fact that they are both about loving someone but not being able to have them. However they are different because "Song" is about two people having been in love and then losing it, rather than "First Love" in which the love is unrequited, and not being fulfilled. In the poem "First Love" by John Clare the poet writes about what seems to be a very overwhelming feeling. The poem is written in three stanzas and in each one the feelings develop. It has a rhyme structure of AB,AB, CD, CD etc. The first stanza has eight syllables in each line and the other two have a pattern of 8,6,8,6,8,6,8,6. I think it may be written like this because in the first stanza the feeling are simpler and then they get more complex as the poem progresses- like the syllable patterns. In stanza one the crush begins. He sees her and is suddenly struck by her beauty- "Her face it bloomed like a sweet flower." This simile is saying that her face opened up and revealed something beautiful just like a flower does. It brings the image of spring