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'Describe the organisation and work of the people at Bletchley Park.' Bletchley Park, also known as Station 'X', was setup in 1938 with two main aims. One was to decode the hundreds

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Introduction

History Coursework Year 10 'Describe the organisation and work of the people at Bletchley Park.' Bletchley Park, also known as Station 'X', was setup in 1938 with two main aims. One was to decode the hundreds of signals and messages sent by Germany and its allies, which used simple codes. And the other was to crack the Enigma; the most important aim of Bletchley Park. Station X was set up in Milton Keynes, which is about 50 miles north of London. It was not set up in London for security reasons, and because of the risk of bombing, if war was to break out. Also as it was a rural area, it increased the secrecy, and also allowed it to expand. During 1939, there were less than one hundred people working at Bletchley Park, yet four years later there were over 7,000. To break the Enigma, there was a need for a range of different specialists, as well as for 'common' workers. The academics (code breakers) ...read more.

Middle

Welchman soon realised that they were going to get nowhere without more manpower (as they were sometimes getting nearly 2000 messages a day), and this was not possible due to the organisational structure. Welchman therefore put together a paper on his proposed ideas and presented it to the Deputy Director, Commander Travis. Travis, seeing the importance of this organisational structure, gave it enthusiastic backing. Within days, these ideas were put into action. Welshman's ideas consisted of many different huts for specific jobs. These huts greatly increased the secrecy, as no hut knew what another hut was doing. One of the code-breakers in hut 6 described her work; "We were very, very departmentalised. You never discussed your work with anyone your little group that worked with you. I hadn't a clue what was going on in the rest of the park and nobody else had a clue what we were doing, except the real high ups." This helped to prevent any German agents finding out what was going on. ...read more.

Conclusion

Once decoded, the message was passed to Hut 3 or Hut 4 (depended on the subject). These two huts were for analysing and translating the message. Finally the message/information was then sent to MI5 using British Type X machines. The hut system, designed by Gordon Welchman, was used as it was well organised, professional and very efficient. With the masses of information that Bletchley Park was intercepting each day, something had to be done, and therefore the hut system had to be introduced. The organisation of Bletchley Park was crucial to it being a success. And if it was a success, the Allies would have a massive advantage over the Germans. Winston Churchill knew how important this was, and as a result gave Bletchley Park what they wanted and needed. He was greatly interested by Bletchley Park and asked to have deciphered intercepts delivered to him every day. His interest in Bletchley Park was shown when he visited it to see for himself what was going on and personally thanked the staff. All this paid off and before long, Bletchley Park was decoding the Enigma messages before the Germans could themselves. ...read more.

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