• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Meeting Special Needs

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Unit 3C1 Meeting Special Needs For this piece of work I will be looking at a particular person who has a special need and the technology they use to help them. I am going to write about Stephen Hawking, a nuclear physicist suffering from Motor Neurone Disease. Motor Neurone Disease is an incurable, degenerative disease. The Motor Neurones in your brain send instructions to the body in the form of electric impulses. Degeneration of Motor Neurone leads to weakness and wasting away of the muscles. Senses and intellect are rarely affected, so it's like the person is trapped in their own body. Steven Hawking was diagnosed with this disease in his early 20s, and now can only do minor movements like blink and move his index finger. To get through home, social, and work life, he uses specially adapted technology to help him do and access things he can't. Social Life To communicate Steven needs specially adapted technology, as he can't speak without help. * To talk, he uses a speech synthesizer. To do this, he selects words and builds them up into a sentence, then sends them to the speech synthesizer. ...read more.

Middle

* To use the telephone, he uses either his laptop mobile phone card or connects his wheel chair directly to a mobile phone socket. He does this by sending digital commands from his computer making the phone system to dial a number, answer the phone or hang up at the end of a call. He talks via his voice synthesizer. Evaluation on Home Life The technology is useful at home because it gives him more independence and enables him to do things he usually wouldn't be able to do. The controller makes it more convenient, as it has a wide range of technologies it affects so it's more mobile, and he can move round more. If it was a big bulky thing, or needed loads of wires connecting everything he wouldn't really have much freedom, so its an advantage that they are all wireless from the remote. The disadvantage is that because they are technologies they will need maintenance and could malfunction, which could be very dangerous since Steven is quite dependant on them. ...read more.

Conclusion

Evaluation on Work Life These technologies benefit Steven a lot in his work life because they enable him to share his intellect with the world. The advantages of these technologies are that they make his work life more convenient for him as they make him less dependant, and he can share more. The disadvantages of these technologies are that Steven is totally dependant on them, so if there is a problem there could be dire consequences, like if his computer gets infected with a virus, and he hasn't had a chance to save his work to a disk it could all be wiped and maybe weeks of research and writing could be wiped. Conclusion Although Steven Hawking is severely disabled he manages to get through social, work, and home life quite dependently with his computer. This is good because without these technologies he would truly be trapped in his body. The computer is his backbone, and without that he wouldn't really be able to control any of the technologies. This is a huge disadvantage because if something was to happen to it then it would prove very difficult for Steven. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Design and Technology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Design and Technology essays

  1. What are the advantages and disadvantages of Virtual Reality?

    The information has to grow in terms of accessibility and in a faster way, so that everyone can be informed about it. There were problems in many areas like in architecture, medicine and education that nowadays are much easier to solve.

  2. Bedside table development evaluation

    It also covers all features discussed in previous interview (section A). Materials that are used for this product will be MDF, Plywood and softwood, these all come in suitable sizes relevant to the product. Finishes for this product will be chocolate brown gloss paint as this colour is what was

  1. Devlopment evaluation of my bedside table.

    (see research) Product is suitable for the specific age range as it accommodates features that will be suited to such an age group i.e easily opened drawers, preventing strain, specialist product height so out stretched arm don't knock items of the top table etc.

  2. Free essay

    Future Technologies

    Nanotechnology a combination of VR technology, computers and gene engineering and Bio Cybernetics a combination of Computer technology gene engineering and nanotechnology. I will explain these future technology further down. It is impossible to summarize them because these technologies are too complicated and there are so many possibilities, which result

  1. Research in the uses of silicon

    Fermion Index Fermion Index = 0.0467 Boson Index = 0.9533 Photoelectric: PESilicon = 3.34 barns/electron U=PESilicon x ?electron= 7.76 barns/cc. Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units) Silicon is Not Radioactive Silicon in the Environment (Occurrence) Silicon is rarely found in nature in its uncombined form.

  2. It is important that Sarah is blind having access to speech and Braille output ...

    Special needs at Home - unit 3c Voice Synthesizer Sarah's is new in this country, and she has all these problems she wants to use a technology that helps her life go easier. She had a hard time to do her homework at home, she always had to ask for

  1. How do people with special needs use technology

    Mp3 players are also light weight, so if he wants to go out and listen to it at the same time it would be good. At the same time he can use his walking sticks. Compared to CD players it is less bulky and it can carry more songs than a CD player.

  2. ICT Meeting Special Needs

    He has now been training the computer recognise his voice better for about 10 years. This technology is very important to my uncle as this helps him to chat to family and friends with the headset or microphone through an instant messaging service like msn messenger.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work