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Who benefited from Alexander II's Reforms?

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Billy Street Who benefited from Alexander II's Reforms? In this essay I will attempt to describe which social changes in Russia benefited from Alexander II's domestic reforms such as emancipation, legal, economical, educational, and censorship reforms. The emancipation can be seen as a half-filled promise by many and as a result only small groups of people benefited. Most peasants had huge debts place upon them when they were forced to buy their land from the nobility over 49 years, with overblown prices, and also with added interest. However, in the Western Provinces, the authorities were much more European-influenced and took more compassionate measures with the freed serfs. While prices of land almost doubled in the non-black soil provinces, prices in the Western Provinces even dropped from an average of 184 to 183 million roubles. In these areas, the peasants seemed to profit from the new freedom to travel, marry, trade, and live without having the crushing and repressing debts that were found in other parts of Russia. The nobles also had mixed fates after emancipation. ...read more.


The economical changes that Alexander II promoted were largely positive to all of Russia. It was not so much as a change in law, but a renovation in outlook. Trade was promoted and pushed forwards. Grain exports grew extremely during his reign, and Russian trade with other countries expanded to a great extent. Domestically, things grew as well. In order to help assemble the country and attempt to encourage trade, Russia lunged head first in the Industrial Revolution and expanded her railway system from 7,000 to 140,000 miles. Not only did this benefit the companies who contracted out to build the new system, but everyone in general felt the benefit of the new railway system and the expansion of internal and external trade. The new supply of Russian and foreign goods increased the standard of living in many areas; increase in good variety of quantity is an economic definition of improved standards of living. The baking system was improved, as now they were spread throughput Russia benefiting almost all of the population. ...read more.


Even though this was happening, progressive laws were passed omitting academic and educational groups from preliminary censorship. On the whole, books published expanded greatly, which benefited all. The availability of books increased literary rates and life quality of most Russians increased. Alexander II's censorship reforms were greatly beneficial to all. On the whole, peasants benefited more than the nobles. The economy, publishing companies, and the legal system were improved, leading to benefits all around. Reforms in higher education, relaxation of censorship regulations, new developments in finance, trade, communications, and reform in the army were all towards the benefit of Russia as a whole, and aiding it to move away from a feudal society into a modern capitalist society. These reforms benefited the revolutionary minds of Russia in that they wanted to take things further, after all, autocracy still remained. This was an era of rising, now more and more radical intelligentsia were becoming attracted to the prospect of popular revolution as the only means to achieve proper 'great reform.' ...read more.

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