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Discuss the different kinds of love presented in the play.

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Introduction

Literature Text [Twelfth Night] Pg 319 Discuss the different kinds of love presented in the play. In this play, Twelfth Night, there are various kinds of love presented but they can be categorized as true love and infatuation. There is also another kind of love portrayed in this play which is friendship. Self-love is surely one other factor in this play. Well, what is the definition of love? True love to be exact. True love is basically based on inner qualities and actions. It is genuine and sincere. It is sacrificial meaning that it serves others. True love is driven by reason, principles of trust and commitment. It is centered on pleasing the other party. One character that shows true love is Viola. Well, then what is Infatuation? It is firstly not true love! It is plain obsession which is insincere, superficial which means that it is based on just words and displays of affection. It expects the other party to meet your needs and expectations. It is basically driven by emotions and is based on external appearance. It is self-centered and only temporary which means that it is not ever-lasting like true love which is undying and permanent and short-term like infatuation. Almost all characters in the play Twelfth Nigh portray infatuation, one of them are Orsino. Self-love is portrayed by many in this play, for example it is shown obviously through Malvolio and Sir Andrew. They are jus two of the many characters in twelfth night who indulge in self-love there are in fact some others who indulge in self-love also. There is also a friendship kind of love portrayed in this play, one good example would be the friendship between Orsino and Cesario. ...read more.

Middle

These points lead me to come to a conclusion that Orsino's 'love' for Olivia is just infatuation I say this because I mentioned earlier that, infatuation is driven by emotions and true love is driven by reason. Orsino is rather egoistic and is a person who is full of self-love. I say this because of the following evidences. "Why so I do, the noblest that I have", "How will she love, when the rich golden shaft...one self king". In his speeches he has claimed that he has a noble heart for loving a lady like Olivia and he has also called himself Olivia's king and assumed that he is able to supply and fill her heart (meaning satisfy her desires) with his love. By saying all these he is just praising himself and thinking highly of himself. He is simply flattering his own 'love' [superficial love] for Olivia. All in all we can say that Orsino does not genuinely love Olivia and he simply loves being love-sick! Orsino also appears desperate, beyond reason. He wants Olivia for himself and tells Viola to "leap all civil bounds" which means to disregard rules or courteous behavior. Orsino's love may be described as self-centered, self-indulging, and exaggerated. For example he says "unfold the passion of my love, / Surprise her with discourse if my dear faith....act my woes". There is a repetition of the word 'my'. Orsino assumes that my a public display of his love, Olivia will fall for him (but we learn in scene 5 that she is sick of hearing about him). Orsino's attention is more on his self, the magnitude of his own love rather than on the subject of his love i.e. ...read more.

Conclusion

Many of the characters seem to view love as a kind of curse, a feeling that attacks its victims suddenly and disruptively. Various characters claim to suffer painfully from being in love, or, rather, from the pangs of unrequited love. At one point,Orsino depicts love dolefully as an "appetite" that he wants to satisfy and cannot; at another point, he calls his desires "fell and cruel hounds" .Olivia more bluntly describes love as a "plague" from which she suffers terribly. These metaphors contain an element of violence, further painting the love-struck as victims of some random force in the universe. Even the less melodramatic Viola sighs unhappily that "My state is desperate for my master's love".Love is also exclusionary: some people achieve romantic happiness, while others do not. At the end of the play, as the happy lovers rejoice, both Malvolio and Antonio are prevented from having the objects of their desire. Malvolio, who has pursued Olivia, must ultimately face the realization that he is a fool, socially unworthy of his noble mistress. Antonio is in a more difficult situation, as social norms do not allow for the gratification of his apparently sexual attraction to Sebastian. Love, thus, cannot conquer all obstacles, and those whose desires go unfulfilled remain no less in love but feel the sting of its absence all the more severely. Love plays a major role in "Twelfth Night," and Shakespeare addresses true love, self love and friendship in a very compelling and interesting way. Love is great to read about because everyone deserves a little love. "Twelfth Night" is the true definition of love, and Shakespeare does a great job of explaining a somewhat difficult topic ...read more.

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