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Examine how the authors of Regeneration and Journeys End show how the stresses of war affect the main characters

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Introduction

Examine how the authors of Regeneration and Journeys End show how the stresses of war affect the main characters 'Regeneration' is a fictional novel written by by Pat Barker. However, some of her characters in the novel like Owen and Sassoon did exist. The play 'Journeys End' is also fictional and all the characters are Sheriffs creation. 'Regeneration' is a serious and moving novel typical of war, as it shows war in a realistic way, whereas 'Journeys End' is full of black humour, in an attempt to make the play less morbid then it actually is. The writers are trying to achieve the views of the officers; they never actually saw mental ill health as serious as it was. They kept sending men back to war whether they had recovered or not. In the first chapter of 'Regeneration' we learn of the 'soldier's declaration' written by Sassoon. "I believe the war is being deliberately prolonged by those who have the power to end it". ...read more.

Middle

"A dug-out got blown up and came down in the men's tea". This is when Hardy is talking to Osbourne and is an example of humour as the men are more worried about their tea then the war. However, this gives the impression to the audience that war isn't that bad. 'Journeys End' actually took place in the trenches and Sheriff took part in war, so therefore has a first hand perspective on war whereas 'Regeneration' takes place in Craiglockhart. Barker is a modern novelist and therefore has a second account of war, only her brother and father went to war. However both writers are writing from an anti-war perspective. In chapter five of 'Regeneration' we learn of Prior, a new patient "whose nightmares were so bad his room-mates was getting no sleep". These nightmares were due to horrific visions of war. Prior doesn't speak until chapter five. This is so he didn't have to talk about his horrific experiences of the war. ...read more.

Conclusion

This proves that most men in war would rather be dead then live to fight. At the end of 'Journeys End' we learn of the death of Raleigh. Stanhope sits with him until he dies. Even though all of the soldiers are stressed about the war they still look after their men at times of need. This is in contrast with 'Regeneration' as Rivers looks after his men all throughout the novel, not just at times of need. "The point of the meeting is to protect the soldiers". In 'Regeneration' Burns leaves the hospital in an impulse, he doesn't know where he is going to go, or what he is going to do. His mental state is extremely fragile. Burns has desire for escape out of the hospital and away from human beings. This is in contrast with 'Journey's End' as Stanhope is ill but refuses to give up. "Young Stanhope goes on sticking it month in, month out". Considering all the stress that he is under, and how hard it must be, he is seen as being a bit of a hero to the audience. ...read more.

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*** 3 STARS

This is a very difficult question to answer fully in three pages. The writer needs to have more structure in the essay, ie. a topic sentence at the beginning of the paragraph, and needs to focus in more detail on the main characters. There are some perceptive comments and appropriate use of quotes.

Marked by teacher Katie Dixon 30/07/2013

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