• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Glen St J. Barclay - The Empire is Marching, a study of the military effort of the British Empire 1800 to 1945. Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London 1976.

Extracts from this document...


Glen St J. Barclay - The Empire is Marching, a study of the military effort of the British Empire 1800 to 1945. Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London 1976 58 -Canadian Prime Minister Laurier offered an expeditionary force of 20'000 men, subsequently raised to 33'000. "was in Canada but one mind and one heart". 59 -6th August "His Majesty's government gratefully accept your offer of your ministers to send 20'000 men to this country as soon as possible" to Australia. A German pacific squadron the British were concerned. 60 -New Zealanders descended on Apia on 29th August, Germans having no means of resistance surrendered. Rabaul and New Guinea were seized by the Australians on 17th September, showed an unexpected aptitude for jungle fighting. 61 -The opening stages of the war had not gone to plan. 62 - The Canadian expeditionary force of 33'000 men had arrived in England on 3rd October. ...read more.


47 infantry from UK, and 4 from Australia, 3 from Canada, and 1 from NZ, with an infantry brigade from south Africa. The Somme offensive first great military operation on the western front employing exclusively the resources of the British Empire. It failed because British resources were simply not adequate to the task of overcoming the Germans on any battlefield in France. Haig called off the battle - 204'000 non British allied troops died. 68 new divisions came forward to replace the old, even the survivors ready to fight again. Empire would not be necessarily endangered by casualties or even retrievable military defeat. Haig decided as early as august 1916 that Australian troops were ignorant and their commanding officer legge was "not much good". (600'000 men good?) "Desertion was assuming alarming proportions among the Australian troops" - to war office allow him to shoot a few. Remarkable that the rate of desertion was 4 times as high in the Australian divisions as in any other units of the British Empire. ...read more.


74 - Liddell Hart judged Australian commander sir john monash to have "probably the greatest capacity for command in modern war". General Von kuhl that the Canadians were the best troops the British ever had. 75 - why? Best physical specimens for fighting troops of countries that had high standards of living, outdoor work in challenging climates. Canadians best fed and best educated, climate fitted to separate strong from the weak. 77-australian corps falling apart through physical exhaustion. Mutinied briefly on 14th sept when denied a nights rest after a weeks continuous fighting. 79 - Highly effective fighting men. 81 The huge Indian army could effectively be employed only against opponents as ill-equipped and unwieldy as itself. The other colonies could only afford token contributions. Conceivable that the huge mass of colonial empire might be regarded as a positive military liability. The Canadians had provided supplies of munitions far beyond the requirements of their own armed forces: Canadian exports to the UK increased forty fold during the inter war years. Canadian factories produced 3000 aircraft and 30% of ammunition used on western front in 1917 and 18. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level War Poetry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level War Poetry essays

  1. The Battle of the Somme - source related study.

    rather than in the paragraph where it shows the "life" of the soldiers, not the deaths. The deaths in the first part of the table show the soldiers casualties before The Big Push, and Source A shows the life during The Big Push.

  2. The Battle of the Somme 1916

    The artillery barrage was also meant to cut the barbed wire and demolish the German artillery. This did not happen either. Unfortunately for the Allies, weather was less than perfect that week, low cloud and mist made it near impossible for aerial spotting to take place and so they didn't know where everything was which made the artillery inaccurate.

  1. Why was the battle of the Somme regarded as such a military tradgedy?

    There was a type of breakthrough where as there was major fighting with each other with the idea to force each other back and forward, this did not work and Haig knew he was in for a battle of attrition.

  2. The Battle of the Somme 1916 - source related study.

    Also, with no mention of death or suffering, public support grew and grew. Similarly, Source F, a film on the war, shows no destruction, suffering or any signs of death. Shown in Picture palaces at home on projection screens, the public could watch this silent film in black and white

  1. Were the British Generals like Sir Douglas Haig responsible for the high casualty figures?

    This quote shows us that the British soldiers were ordered to walk in waves towards the German trenches. Rosemary Rees wrote this quote. More quotes, which suggest that the British walked to the German trenches, are 'It was the senselessness of sending up to eight waves if heavily laden men across open ground'.

  2. In 1915 a British newspaper printed a letter from a

    Upon arriving in France, for many of the soldiers there was suddenly the somber realization that it was warfare - not a game, and they "might not return". Most of the young men were overwhelmed with fear and bewilderment on the Western Front as they had no knowledge of what

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work