• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did conditions change between 1914 and 1918?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How did conditions change between 1914 and 1918? The living and fighting conditions changed considerably through out the course of World War One. Before World War One even started there had been many technological advancements in military warfare. Many claim that World War One started because all the different countries wanted to show of their new weapons and try to divine whom the superior nation was. There were also many technological advancements throughout the war as well. For example before the war the British were still using cavalry to charge at the enemy and kill them with swords, but his didn't work in World War One because the ground was too muddy, which slowed the cavalry down. Also the main advantage of cavalry was the speed and surprise of attacks, but new inventions such as binoculars and snipers meant that they could see the cavalry preparing to attack and could get a defence ready and the new machine guns meant that they could shoot faster than the horses could move which wasn't true in previous wars. There was a massive advancement in machine guns during in World War One. ...read more.

Middle

The machine gun defence of the Germans caused the British infantry units to spread out within the battlefield, forcing soldiers to operate in smaller groups and therefore carry less supplies. Not being able to carry as much in a group meant that certain medical necessities had to be sacrificed in order for the soldiers to be able to carry more weapons such as knives and grenades. But by 1916 the first tanks had been invented, and these were used to carry some equipment that had had to be left behind by the infantry units. The tanks were very slow and weak, but provided protection as the infantry units could march slowly behind the tanks instead of walking openly in no mans land. The development of tanks also sparked a change in the over the top tactic the British army had been using throughout the war. Some famous battles were ended because Commanders or Generals were brave enough to ditch the old over the top tactic and instead of marching slowly over no mans land with lots of equipment, they ran across with no equipment but two grenades and a gun. ...read more.

Conclusion

The first time the Germans used gas they sent over causing death and panic in the British trenches but hen they advanced the wind suddenly changed direction and caused more German than British casualties. Later in World War One the Germans introduced Phosgene gas which was the same as chlorine but much more powerful and in 1917 they introduced mustard gas, which had no smell so was impossible to detect at night. The gas would temporarily blind its victims, burn their skin and poison their lungs. In most cases death was slow painful usually taking up to four weeks. There weren't that many developments in the living conditions for the British soldiers. There were minor medical advancements such as the use of herbs mixed into the scalp to prevent lice and soldiers would have improved damp protective clothing to try and stop things such as trench foot and all soldiers were also issued with personal med kits and gas mask. Supply got better so they had more food but the food was much worse. As it had to be mass-produced, packed and shipped, which meant ruled most foods out, and the food would have to things that didn't have to be cooked as they couldn't create fires in the damp and cold conditions. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level War Poetry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level War Poetry essays

  1. The Battle of the Somme 1916

    Both sources agree with the point of view. It is safe to say that the man who wrote the letter in source E, John Raws would probably have gone along with the statement. He had first hand experience of the Battle of the Somme and his words for the generals were ''incompetence, callousness and personal vanity''.

  2. To what extent did the conditions change between 1914 and 1918? The conditions for ...

    However, as the Germans hadn't seen these weapons used before, they didn't know how to defeat them. The armour was 6-12mm of steel plate and could resist bullets fired from as close as 10metres, so they were hard to defeat.

  1. How and Why did war poetry change during the years 1914 - 1918

    It was an adventure, an opportunity to see the world. The ideas used in 'Peace' try and persuade its audience - educated young men - to try and join the Army and fight for their country, to honor themselves and their family and fulfill their duty to God.

  2. Production of chlorine

    gas (in steel cylinders); calcium hypochlorite (a solid or powder); and sodium hypochlorite (a liquid). Chlorine gas: Chlorine gas is approximately 2.5 times heavier than air. Because it is heavier than air it sinks in most cases and accumulates in low spots.

  1. The First Battle of Ypres, 1914

    German indecisiveness enabled the British to assemble a motley collection of soldiers (cooks, officer's servants, medical orderlies, clerks, and engineers) who stemmed the enemy advance and eventually drove them back to their own lines. Fighting around Ypres would linger on until 22 November when the onset of winter weather forced a break in hostilities.

  2. I need to produce a marketing strategy for a new or existing product. I ...

    Competition has brought reductions in both gas and electricity prices and customers can shop around to find the best deal. According to the National Audit Office electricity customers have saved around �750m and gas customers around �1billion a year since competition began.

  1. In the wars, Robert Rose is a very significant character.

    He doesn't realize how much the soldiers abhor living with the mice and rats. RATS page one hundred thirty-four Soldiers detest the rats and mice. TOAD page one hundred thirty-eight Toad is described as "sentimental nuance, plain, grumpy..." See how much Rodwell liked the animals, perhaps the toad depicts Rodwell's mien.

  2. To what extent did conditions change between 1914 and 1918?

    The trenches were uncomfortable, small and smelly and the men had to spend nights as well as days in them. One of the main changes, which happened in the war however it was towards the end, was the invention of the 'tank' by the British.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work