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Saussure, Jakobson and Barthes focus on different aspects of communication' Discuss

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Introduction

'Saussure, Jakobson and Barthes focus on different aspects of communication' Discuss. All three theorists Saussure, Jakobson and Barthes concentrated a part of their studies in linguistics and language looking closely at different aspect of communication, their functions and factors in order to build up the modern linguistic as we know it today. Therefore they are all related to each other as their work evolved around the same subject, also we notice later on that in fact each one of them contributed to different ideas which pushed the research of communication further into a so-called science of language. Ferdinand de Saussure (1857-1913) was a linguistic theorist who originated from Switzerland, having studied many different languages in his early years he mostly spent his adult life teaching in Paris on various topics such as Sanskrit, gothic and old high German as well as Indo-European philosophy, he was then rewarded as Chevalier de la legion d'Honneur. Although his work and theories have been used as a starting point in the study of languages, it is important to know that he published very little during his lifetime and did not leave behind many notes for himself. His major work 'Cours de Linguistique Generale' was in fact published three years after his death in which his colleagues and students gathered their own notes based on three linguistic courses Saussure taught. ...read more.

Middle

When speaking, words are arranged one after the other because two words cannot be expressed at the same time which is similar to written language where words come one at a time in a linear way, we then notice as a result that the connection of words within a sentence for instance shapes the meaning. In Saussure's philosophical analysis of language as a system or structure, by looking at what is further behind the simple verbal language it is evident that he reached his aim of taking linguistic further as a scientific study into this new idea of 'Semiologie' (also known as the science of signs) although he would like to research and elaborate further more the scientific structure of language as he is very interested in semiology. Following Saussure's ground in linguistics and the study of language, the Russian Roman Jakobson (1896-1982) establishes new ideas on verbal communication in which he attempts to evaluate closely another aspect of linguistics that differs from Saussure's research. Having been honoured as Co-founder of the Moscow Linguistic Circle in 1915 and after many investigations, Jakobson finally establishes a Closing Statement: Linguistics and Poetics delivered as a lecture for the first time in 1958, his approach is new as he analyses the process in the act of communication in which he separates his ideas into six basic factors of communication that relates to their respective functions. ...read more.

Conclusion

makes the SIGN, however the mythe would add to the basic denotation of it, whereby a rose is also known as a sign of romance and passion; therefore this first SIGN became a second level signifier for a new sign whose signified is now love, heart, affection or seduction for instance. I would argue that Barthes's approach is brave as he openly builds on Saussure's work, he is almost challenging Saussure's simplistic theory of the SIGNE LINGUISTIQUE. As a conclusion it has been demonstrated how Saussure, Barthes and Jakobson all researched linguistic theories in numerous ways to explore the different aspects of communication in which Saussure focused on language and the way it has been constructed whereas Jakobsen concentrated on the factors and functions of verbal communication, in parallel Barthes built on Saussure's theory of semiology to create a different idea in which language can be studied further within different meanings. Barthes's hypothesis used Jacobson's idea in the mythe as it was described to be a characteristic of communication however I would argue that Saussure was the main influence whose thoughts were used as the root of study of language and opened the channel to further research on linguistics, in which both Jakobsen and Barthes expanded the investigation in their own ways by focussing on different aspects. ...read more.

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