• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Swift's A Modest Proposal is famous as an example of Satire. In what ways, and with what effects do you think he achieves his satirical aims?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Asha Samrai Swift's A Modest Proposal is famous as an example of Satire. In what ways, and with what effects do you think he achieves his satirical aims? Swift's aim of his proposal is to expose the cruelty of the rich landlords of Ireland, who were not being aware of the poverty and suffering of the Irish people. Swift's proposal is an attempt to suggest a remedy of Ireland's situation by shocking those who are powerful enough to inflict change on Ireland's appalling circumstances. In order to do this Swift creates an alter ego, a persona who puts forth the ghastly proposal but in a logical fashion. Swift uses a 'Juvenalian' sort of satire, a way of getting at the reader without targeting them directly. Swift tries to expose the reality of Ireland in a discreet and delicate way. His definition of satire is 'Satire is a sort of glass, wherein beholders do generally discover everybody's face but their own.' ...read more.

Middle

is showing pity for the Irish and their 'Poor innocent babes' and gets the reader to go along with this fake pity for them. The persona seems to be immoral and his ideas to 'help prevent children from becoming burdens to their parents' are irrational. His solution is unexpected and a little revolting as the benefits would be tasty meals for the rich and more money for the poor, as the solution would be for the poor to sell their children to the rich for them to devour, which with the situation of the rich landlords in Ireland, is literal. Swift is clever as he manages to lure the reader into a 'Fake sense of security', where the reader is subconsciously agreeing to the problems of how bad the situation in Ireland is and the reader is also agreeing with Asha Samrai the persona that something needs to be done about it. ...read more.

Conclusion

These calculations produce logic that the persona uses that makes his solution plausible. The irony is discovered later on in the proposal when the persona excludes himself from the proposal. 'I have no children by which I can propose to get a single penny; the youngest being nine years old, and my wife past child-bearing.' He is saying that nobody can call him selfish or that he would gain from the proposal, but he was only finding a way for the poor to gain, but he was actually creating a menu that would be offered to himself and to others. This is where the reader would identify Swift's use of satire and how he is making the problems in Ireland aware to the public. Swift achieves his satirical aims well as the message comes together at the end, his sarcasm and his 'getting' at the rich upper class. He makes the reader believe that the situation in Ireland is bad and needs to be remedied soon before the situation becomes desperate. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Jonathan Swift section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Jonathan Swift essays

  1. Satire and Colonialism in the eighteenth century: 'A Modest Proposal' and 'Gulliver's Travels'

    Also he uses a lot of unexpected words such as "baked", "boiled", "roasted" when he is referring to how to cook the babies. Another good example here is how he refers to the parents.

  2. A Modest Proposal.

    being a burden to their parents, or the country, and for making them beneficial to the public. It will use well, nursed, healthy, 1 year old children of poor people as a form of nourishing and wholesome food. The reason why Jonathan Swift wrote this famous satire was to expose the way the poor Irish Catholics were being treated.

  1. Write and essay on the methods and objectives of Swift's satire.

    The Lilliputian Emperor for example represents King George I. Swift had no admiration for the King, and uses the practices of the Emperor to allegorically criticise the English monarch. The Emperor represents tyranny, cruelty and corruption and he can be seen to be a timeless symbol of bad government.

  2. "A Modest Proposal" - Swift.

    Lastly, this system will produce a better cultural environment for Ireland as a whole, encouraging marriage and the charms of the tavern due to the bonuses of bearing children. Swift defends his intentions in offering such a proposal, explaining that he has no personal advantages which will be derived from

  1. "Swift has a very bleak view of human nature." Discuss the ways in which ...

    This is actually a subtle attack on the way Europeans quarrel, and how a poor government system is in place. The Lilliputians select spokesmen and men of power by jumping over a pole. They are also in a war over which side an egg should be eaten from.

  2. How and why did Jonathan Swift challenge both the exploiter and the exploited in ...

    So it was at this time that Jonathan Swift wrote a political speech to solve the increasing problem for the Irish. His intention was to highlight that the reason Ireland was in so much trouble because they did not stand up and defend themselves.

  1. A Modest Proposal

    Lastly, this system will produce a better cultural environment for Ireland as a whole, encouraging marriage and the charms of the tavern due to the bonuses of bearing children. Swift defends his intentions in offering such a proposal, explaining that he has no personal advantages which will be derived from

  2. Guillivers Travels. In this essay I will discuss all 4 voyages in which ...

    He can see the negatives which would outweigh the positives of gunpowder. He describes the Europeans as "the most pernicious Race of Little odious Vermin that Nature ever suffered to crawl upon the Surface of the Earth? (Jonathon Swift 1726 6:99)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work