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The Role of Onomatopoeia in Forming New Words

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´╗┐THE ROLE OF ONOMATOPOEIA IN FORMING NEW WORDS The Role of Onomatopoeia in Forming New Words 2010120018 Section D Semantics and Lexicology Lecturer : Ferdinand Okky Kurniawan, M.A. Sekolah Tinggi Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan (STKIP) Kebangkitan Nasional Sampoerna School of Education 2012 Background One of the key features of language is productivity. The fact that language is stimulus-free and that it is flexible leads to the notion of productivity, i.e. that language can be used to construct an infinite set of new and meaningful utterances. Hockett (1985) gives the label ?productivity? to that property of language which allows us to say things which have never been said before. In morphology, productivity means the degree to which a word formation process is used in language (Jackson and Amvela, 2000). So this theory believes that languages are getting developed and developed. Forming new words is as result from productivity of language. People try to form new words from existing ones through some ways such as by adding affixation, derivation, compounding, blending, conversion (Jackson and Amvela, 2000) and other word formation processes like coinage, clipping, and back formation. ...read more.


Words like: KABOOM, BANG, POW, WHACK, WHAM, BOINK, POP. Those words are example of fighting sounds and their word class is noun. Besides that, the onomatopoeic words are found in a poetry which entitle is Baa Baa Black Sheep. This is the poetry: BAA BAA BLACK SHEEP Baa Baa black sheep, Have you any wool? Yes merry have I Three bags full, In English, the sound of sheep is baa baa! While in Indonesian, we are familiar with mbeeekk,,mbeekk. It is so unique then, because actually the object is same but the onomatopoeic word is different. It means that one sound will be interpreted differently in various languages. Onomatopoeia, long to spell and fun to write, is often times used by writers unconsciously. Onomatopoeia is when a word sounds like its definition. Comic books are filled with onomatopoeia and the action/sound words: Boom! Pow! Pop! Authors and poets use these types of words to add to their auditory imagery, for example: "The doorbell rang;" "the suitcase landed with a thud;" or "the beep of the alarm clock." Onomatopoeia is frequent in both prose (novels/stories) and poems. ...read more.


This theory seems to be supported by the fact that the majority of modern languages have onomatopoeia expressions. Language began as imitations of natural sounds -- moo, crash, clang, buzz, bang, meow. This is more technically referred to as onomatopoeia. Furthermore, I also found that most of word class for onomatopoeia words is noun. It can be verb too. Because the words like bark, buzz, zip, knock can be noun or verb. However most of human actions have word class like verb. The result that I got from searching some data support my thesis that onomatopoeia has a role in forming new words and tendency to have what word class they belong to. Learning the onomatopoeia words is useful as teacher candidates. We can introduce those words through watching film, reading comic or poetry. By doing that, students will know the words which imitate the sounds of animal, human action, or even mechanical sounds. They can use those words in making a story or poetry. So it will make the story and poetry is more interesting. English teachers in Indonesia are not familiar with the onomatopoeia. Therefore, by reading this research paper, it can trigger them to learn about those interesting words and let students know about it. ...read more.

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