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Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from the major cities of Britain at the start of the Second World War?

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Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from the major cities of Britain at the start of the Second World War? Britain was in danger of a war, therefore it was obviously considered to protect the civilians. The evacuation of children into the countryside was suggested and eventually carried out. This was an extremely difficult time for both the parents and the children, but most people understood the situation, that this was the best way to avoid endangering the children. It wasn't just the threat of war that caused the government to decide to evacuate, linked to this was the fact that they knew from past experiences in world war one and the damage caused, when industrial areas were bombed. During this period new sources of weapons began to be used, which caused a lot more damage and were much quicker. ...read more.


Although Britain did sign an agreement saying that Germany could proceed with the rearment as long as they did not exceed 35% of the British fleet. This was one of the changes since world war one. Also the fact that Germany were rearming with more updated weapons caused even more tension. Britain knew from past experiences that it was more than likely that industrial areas would be attacked, As in world war one. They expected Germany to use the same method of bombing to break any communication and stop transportation, as this gave Germany control over all television and radio lines. This was a threat to the civilians living in the areas been bombed. Not only were children evacuated, but also other methods of protecting civilians were used. Air raid shelters were handed out to each family to use when under attack and other materials such as gas masks ect, all for the protection of civilians. ...read more.


A second evacuation was organised in 1940 but it was half the size as the first one in 1939.This was because families began to think it was pointless sending the children away from home when nothing was actually putting them in danger. This was a bad mistake, as soon after Germany began to bomb Britain. They were multi causes for the evacuation of children. The risk of being killed by methods of attacking the industrial areas by the use of gas, updated and more powerful weapons were being used and the rearming of Germany were what made the government decide to evacuate theses were backed up by the certainty that Germany were likely bomb industrial areas to try to defeat Britain. Industrial areas were targeted because the population was high and many supplies etc were there. All theses risks frightened Britain, and were linked to the fact that civilians were in great danger of been injured or killed during this period. 830 ...read more.

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