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Why did the stalemate end in 1918?

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Introduction

The Following were equally important reasons why the stalemate on the Western Front was finally broken: new technology like the tank the American entry into the war the blockading of German ports the German offensive in March 1918 All of the reasons suggested above do play a part in why the stalemate on the Western Front was finally broken. Although, each reason stated is not equally important and there are other reasons as to why the stalemate did break and these must be considered also. The first reason is that Machine guns kept mowing down anyone that attepted the run across "no mans land", as "no-man's-land" crossing was considered suicidal it was very unadvisable, most soldiers did not attempt to cross, so the stalemate continued. Tanks were introduced to cross "no-man's-land" but commanders could not use them effectively until 1917 and even then, they sunk in the mud one of the worst cases of the tanks sinking was the battle of passhendale which caused 1000's of deaths because the mud was very deep. The few that did cross, unfortunately when they arrived at the enemy trenches they were almost immediately destroyed and so the stalemate continued. ...read more.

Middle

The United States entry into the war brought millions of fresh, new, eager men and plentiful supplies. These supplies were all helpful and the supplies included new weapons not seen before. This abundance of new weaponry gave Britain and the allies an edge over the Germans and their allies. The allied troops also found a new inspiration to fight because of the United States entry and so an intense morale boost swept through the troops. The americans also brought with them more medicine supplies which the allies so badly needed. The German offensive in March 1917 was the German armies final attempt to overthrow the allies and at first the German troops seemed to have the advantage. They drove the allied troops back and Paris began to be put under threat. This manoeuvre however, resulted in tragedy for the German armies, there was a massive loss of manpower, over one million troops were put out of action by either being killed or wounded. The surviving troops suffered from incredibly low morale, severe exhaustion and depression and weapons and munitions availability declined enormously. ...read more.

Conclusion

These four factors were not the only reasons why the stalemate was broken, as these factors alone did not break the stalemate. The German allies were surrendering all around them until they virtually stood alone, isolated, weak and helpless. The Germans were frail and so Foch lead a combined-strategy with the allies under his command. In August 1918 Foch and his allied troops went over the top and knocked out the german front-line. The strategy devised by Foch blew away the German's; due to the allies' united, combined attack and so the stalemate was eventually broken. The obvious defeat of the German's and the revolution in Germany eventually led to a ceasefire on the 11th of November 1918. The German's had surrendered, the stalemate was broken, and the allies had won So, as it has been explained, the four factors said originally were not equally important, there were other major factors to consider and so those reasons were not sufficient by themselves to break the stalemate on the Western Front. The United State's entry into the war and Foch's clever strategically planned counter-attack were the reason's why the stalemate on the Western Front eventually broke and so the statement suggested previously cannot possibly be agreed with. Ricky-Lee-Tony-Grant 9057 September 2003 ...read more.

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