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health and safety

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Introduction

Assessment No 1 Unit 1 Health, Safety & Welfare in Construction and the Built Environment Matthew Jackson Employers have a general duty under Section 2 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, which is to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare of their employees at work. People in control of non-domestic premises have a duty under Section 4 of the Act towards people who are not their employees but use their premises. The new regulations expand on these duties and are intended to protect the health and safety of everyone in the workplace, and ensure that adequate welfare facilities are provided for people at work, these facilities include sanitary conveniences, washing facilities, drinking water, accommodation for clothing and facilities for changing, facilities for rest and to eat meals etc. The Client, whether a landlord, private individual or a company is the person who is having the construction/building work carried out, they must demonstrate an acceptable standard of health and safety, under the Construction (Design management) Regulations 2007. There specific responsibilities are to check the competence and resources of all appointees, ensure there are suitable management arrangements for the project, including welfare facilities, allow sufficient time and resources for all stages, provide pre-construction information to designers and contractors. Clients only have duties when the project is associated with a business or other undertaking. Domestic clients are a special case and do not have duties under the CDM Regulations 2007. Designers are appointed by the Client, Planning Supervisor, or the contractor and must avoid foreseeable risks to those involved in the construction and future use of the structure and will carry out the design function in ...read more.

Middle

A competent CDM co-ordinator will have this knowledge and expertise, and they should assist clients with these assessments. The principal contractor who is appointed by the Client his roles and responsibilities are very important as with all health and safety regulations, he will take account of the specific requirements of the project when preparing and presenting tender documents, they need to ensure that client is aware of duties, the CDM co-ordinator has been appointed and HSE notified, that those they appoint are competent, the construction phase is properly planned, managed, monitored and resourced, inform contractors of the minimum time allowed for planning and preparation, provide relevant information to contractors, ensure safe working, co-ordination and co-operation between contractors, construction phase health and safety plan is prepared and implemented; the plan needs to set out the organisation and arrangements for managing risk and co-ordinating work and should be tailored to the particular project and risks involved, suitable welfare from the start, prepare and enforce site rules as required, give reasonable direction to contractors including client appointed contractors, prevent unauthorised entry to the site, provide a plan to those who need it, promptly provide the CDM co-ordinator with information for the file, liaise with CDM co-ordinator in relation to design and design changes, ensure all workers have been provided with suitable health and safety induction, information and training, ensure the workforce is consulted about health and safety matters and display key project information to workers. Sub-contractors appointed by any other duty holder, also play a huge part in health and safety, they have to put in practice all of the health and safety requirements on site, their responsibilities are; Organisation and Arrangement, sub-contractors will need to provide the following: * Copy of your Health and Safety Policy. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1992 requires a risk assessment to be carried in order to identify the measures that should be taken to comply with relevant legislation. This should ensure, for example, the selection of suitable work equipment under PUWER 1998 and the identification of the control measures necessary to prevent access to dangerous parts for older machinery. No duties are placed on employees by PUWER 1998. However, the requirements of the Management Regulations are that employees should use all work items provided by their employer correctly. These requirements are in addition to HSW Act. The members of the construction team need to interact with each other on all types of project, this ensures there is no confusion as to who is doing what and so that different companies do not get in each others way etc. All site engineers are responsible for their own health and safety while on any construction project, although they do report to people who are in greater positions of responsibility. A site engineer would report to their manager at their own company or the site manager if there are any infringements in health, safety and welfare legislation, the site manager/foreman will then inform his manager or the health and safety executive who will then assess the problem and decide upon the correct action to take. All companies must provide any relevant information to one another to ensure everybody knows exactly what they can and can't do, this starts form the client providing information to the designer eg. information about the actual site, the designer will then pass this information to the principal contractor and so on. This ensures there are no health and safety risks etc. ...read more.

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